Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Specie in news: Saiga Antelope


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Saiga Antelope

Mains level: NA

Saiga Antelope

Central Idea

  • The Saiga Antelope has been reclassified from ‘Critically Endangered’ to ‘Near Threatened’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

About Saiga Antelope

Scientific Name Saiga tatarica
Physical Characteristics Notable for its distinctive bulbous nose; relatively small, with a thin build and long, thin legs
Habitat Primarily found in the steppe region of Central Asia and Eastern Europe
Population Distribution Predominantly in Kazakhstan and Russia, with smaller populations in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Mongolia
Conservation Status IUCN Red List: Near Threatened

CITES: Appendix II

Major Threats Poaching for horns (used in traditional medicine), habitat loss, and disease outbreaks like pasteurellosis
Diet Herbivorous, feeding on a variety of grasses and plants
Breeding Known for its rapid population growth under favorable conditions; breeds in large herds
Migration Notable for long-distance seasonal migrations
Cultural Significance Featured in the folklore and culture of the local steppe communities

Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch