Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Species in news: Bengal Florican


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Bengal Florican

Mains level: Not Much

Environmentalists have recently written to the Assam government on the urgent need to prevent land-use changes at Kokilabari Seed Farm in the state to protect Bengal floricans and other species.

Bengal Florican

  • The Bengal florican also called Bengal bustard, is a bustard species native to the Indian subcontinent, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
  • Fewer than 1,000 individuals were estimated to be alive as of 2017.
  • It has two disjunct populations, one in the Indian subcontinent, another in Southeast Asia.
  • The former occurs from Uttar Pradesh (India) through the Terai of Nepal to Assam (where it is called ulu mora) and Arunachal Pradesh in India, and historically to Bangladesh.
  • It has a very small, rapidly declining population largely as a result of the widespread loss of its grassland habitat.

Conservation status

  • IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered
  • CITES: Appendix I
  • Wildlife Protection Act of India, 1972: Schedule I

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