Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Species in news: Pygmy Hogs


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Pygmy Hogs

Mains level: NA

Few captive-bred pygmy hogs, the world’s rarest and smallest wild pigs, were released in the Manas National Park of western Assam under the Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme (PHCP).

Pygmy Hogs

  • The pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) is a native to alluvial grasslands in the foothills of the Himalayas at elevations of up to 300 m (980 ft).
  • Today, the only known population lives in Assam, India and possibly southern Bhutan.
  • As the population is estimated at less than 250 mature individuals, it is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
  • It is designated as a Schedule I species in India under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and offences against them invite heavy penalties.

About Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme (PHCP)

  • The PHCP is a collaboration among Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust of UK, Assam Forest Department, Wild Pig Specialist Group of IUCN and Union Environment Ministry.
  • It is currently being implemented by NGOs Aaranyak and EcoSystems India.
  • Six hogs — two males and four females — were captured from the Bansbari range of the Manas National Park in 1996 for starting the breeding programme.
  • The reintroduction programme began in 2008 with the Sonai-Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary (35 hogs), Orang National Park (59) and Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary (22).

Now answer this PYQ in the comment box:

Q.Consider the following :

  1. Star tortoise
  2. Monitor lizard
  3. Pygmy hog
  4. Spider monkey

Which of the above found in India?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

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3 years ago

Star tortoise is a species of tortoise found in dry areas and scrub forest in India and Sri Lanka. Monitor Lizards are large reptiles found in Africa and all across Asia. The pygmy hog is a critically endangered suid, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan, but now only found in Assam.

Spider monkeys are found in tropical forests of Central and South America, from southern Mexico to Brazil.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only


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