Women empowerment issues – Jobs,Reservation and education

The representation of women in the incoming Lok Sabha, how it compares to previous years


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Women in Lok Sabha 2024

Mains level: Different Demographic Observations and What Needs to Be Done?

Why in the news?

Over time, there has been a general inclination towards enhancing women’s representation in the Lok Sabha. However, the advancement has been gradual and inconsistent.

Women in Lok Sabha 2024 (PRS data):

  • Number of Women MPs: India has elected 74 women MPs to the Lok Sabha in 2024, which is four fewer than in 2019.
  • Percentage of Representation: Women MPs make up just 13.63% of the elected strength of the Lower House.
  • Party-wise Distribution: Women MPs come from 14 different parties, with the BJP leading with 31 women MPs, followed by the Congress with 13.

Different Demographic Observations:

  • Trend in Representation: Over the years, there has been a slow and non-linear increase in women’s representation in the Lok Sabha.
  • Historical Trends: Women’s representation started at 4.41% in 1952 and peaked at 14.36% in 2019.
  • New Faces: Out of the 74 women MPs elected, 43 are first-time MPs, indicating a higher percentage of newcomers compared to the overall House.
  • Younger Representation: The average age of women MPs is 50 years, younger than the overall House age of 56 years.

Comparison with Other Countries:

  • International Comparison: India lags behind several countries in terms of women’s representation, with countries like South Africa, the UK, and the US having higher percentages of women MPs.
  • Global Rankings: Women make up 46% of MPs in South Africa, 35% in the UK, and 29% in the US.

What Needs to Be Done?

  • Increase in Representation: There is a need for greater efforts to increase women’s representation in the Lok Sabha to achieve gender parity.
  • Policy Measures: Implementation of policy measures such as reserving seats for women in the Lok Sabha could help improve representation.
  • Encouraging Participation: Encouraging more women to enter politics and providing support for their political careers can contribute to greater representation.
  • Education and Awareness: Promoting education and awareness about the importance of gender equality in politics is essential for fostering a more inclusive political environment.

Mains PYQ:

Q What are the continued challenges for Women in India against time and space?  (UPSC IAS/2019)

Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch