RBI Notifications

U.S. currency watchlist an intrusion into RBI’s policy space


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Currency watchlist

Mains level: Paper 3-Currency watchlist of the US and RBI's role

Why was India put on the currency watchlist by the US

  • The U.S. Treasury Department had recently retained India in a watchlist for currency manipulators submitted to the U.S. Congress.
  • It cited higher dollar purchases (close to 5% of the gross domestic product) by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  • Another trigger for the inclusion in the currency watchlist is a trade surplus of $20 billion or more.

What is India’s position

  • India had a steady holding pattern of forex reserves ‘with ups and downs’ based on market-based transactions that central banks may undertake.
  • The central bank’s activity in the foreign exchange market has been perfectly balanced and completely legitimate within the accepted monetary policy mandate of central banks across the world.
  • It is a mandate of the central bank to provide stability in the currency as a result of which central banks buy and sell foreign currency.
  • Our overall reserves have been fairly steady at $500 bn to $600 bn.
  • We are not accumulating reserves like China.

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