Hunger and Nutrition Issues – GHI, GNI, etc.

UNEP Food Waste Index Report, 2024


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Food Waste Index Report

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

The Food Waste Index Report, 2024 was recently released by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), a UK based non-profit organization.

Food Waste Index Report:

  • It tracks the global and national generation of food and inedible parts wasted at the retail and consumer (household and food service) levels.
  • It was first launched in 2011.
  • It was conceived as a tool to monitor progress towards international targets, such as those outlined in the SDG 12.3, which calls for halving food waste by 2030.


Key Findings of the 2024 Report

  1. Total Food Waste Generation in 2022:
    • Globally, 1.05 billion tonnes of food waste were generated in 2022.
  2. Distribution of Food Waste by Sector:
    • Households accounted for 60% of the total food waste.
    • Food services were responsible for 28% of the total food waste.
    • Retail accounted for 12% of the total food waste.
  3. Per Capita Food Waste:
    • The average per capita food waste was 132 kilograms in 2022.
  4. Economic Cost of Food Waste:
    • The economic toll of food loss and waste is estimated at $1 trillion.
  5. Contribution to Greenhouse Gas Emissions:
    • Food loss and waste contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 8-10% of annual global emissions.
  6. Regional Trends:
    • Food waste levels vary minimally across income groups.
    • Hotter climates tend to generate more household food waste due to consumption patterns and infrastructure limitations.
    • Rural areas generally exhibit lower levels of food waste compared to urban areas.
  7. Policy Integration:
    • Only 21 countries, including Australia, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union, have included food loss and waste reduction in their climate plans or Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).


2019: In India, ‘extended producer responsibility’ was introduced as an important feature in which of the following?

(a) The Bio-medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998

(b) The Recycled Plastic (Manufacturing and Usage) Rules, 1999

(c) The e-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011

(d) The Food Safety and Standard Regulations, 2011


Practice MCQ:

Which of the following statements is correct about the Food Waste Index Report?

(a) It tracks only the global generation of food waste at the retail level.

(b) It was first launched in 2011 to monitor progress towards reducing food waste in households and food service sectors.

(c) It is a tool aimed at monitoring progress towards international targets outlined in SDG 12.3 to halve food waste by 2030.

(d) It primarily focuses on tracking inedible parts wasted at the industrial level.


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