Land Reforms

Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : ULPIN Scheme

Mains level : Land records management in India

The Centre plans to roll out the Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme.

ULPIN Scheme

  • The ULPIN scheme has been launched in ten States this year and will be rolled out across the country by March 2022, the Department of Land Resources told the Standing Committee on Rural Development.
  • It would allot a 14-digit identification number to every plot of land in the country within a year’s time.
  • It will subsequently integrate its land records database with revenue court records and bank records, as well as Aadhaar numbers on a voluntary basis.
  • The scheme will enhance the service deliveries to the citizen of the country and will also function as inputs to the schemes of the other sectors like Agriculture, Finance Disaster Management etc.

“Aadhaar number” for Land

  • Officials described it as “the Aadhaar for land”, a number that would uniquely identify every surveyed parcel of land and prevent land fraud, especially in the hinterlands of rural India, where land records are outdated and often disputed.
  • The identification will be based on the longitude and latitude coordinates of the land parcel and is dependent on detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps, according to a presentation the Department made to States in September 2020.
  • This is the next step in the Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP), which began in 2008 and has been extended several times as its scope grew.

Try this PYQ:

Q.Consider the following statements:

  1. Aadhaar card can be used as proof of citizenship or domicile.
  2. Once issued, the Aadhaar number cannot be deactivated or omitted by the Issuing Authority.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

A cost-effective approach

  • Linking Aadhaar with land records through ULPIN would cost ₹3 per record while seeding and authentication of landowner Aadhaar data would cost ₹5 each.
  • It added that the integration of the Aadhaar numbers with the land record database would be done on a voluntary basis.
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