From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Not much
Mains level : Atlantic Charter
US President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson seeks to sign a new Atlantic Charter.
What is Atlantic Charter?
- The Atlantic Charter was a statement issued on 14 August 1941 that set out American and British goals for the world after the end of World War II.
- The charter’s adherents signed the Declaration by United Nations on 1 January 1942, which was the basis for the modern United Nations.
- The charter inspired several other international agreements and events that followed the end of the war.
- The dismantling of the British Empire, the formation of NATO, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) all derived from the Atlantic Charter.
Why sign new charter?
- At their meeting, the two leaders plan to sign what they’re calling a new Atlantic Charter, pledging to “defend the principles, values, and institutions of democracy and open societies.”
- US hopes to reassure European allies that the US had shed the transactional tendencies of Donald Trump’s term and is a reliable partner again.
- The US staunchly opposed the Brexit movement, the British exodus from the European Union that Mr. Johnson championed, and has expressed great concern with the future of Northern Ireland.
- Biden once called the British leader a “physical and emotional clone” of Trump.