[Prelims Spotlight] Jaipur Foot, Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, Digital India

Here are 2 Back2Basics collections from today’s news items

B2B #1: From news- Jaipur Foot to be exhibited at the U.N.

Jaipur Foot

  1. The Jaipur Foot, also known as the Jaipur Leg, is a rubber-based prosthetic leg for people with below-knee amputations
  2. Designed in and named after Jaipur, India, the prosthetic leg was designed to be inexpensive, water-resistant, and quick to fit and manufacture
  3. The Jaipur Foot is made of polyurethane
  4. It is fitted free of cost by Bhagwan Mahavir Viklang Sahyata Samiti
  5. The government of India supports Bhagwan Mahavir Viklang Sahyata Samiti with financial aid to carry out the work done by the organization

B2B #2: From news- Inter-country child abduction: Central panel questions key principle of Hague Convention

Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction

  1. Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another
  2. The Convention was drafted to ensure the prompt return of children who have been abducted from their country of habitual residence or wrongfully retained in a contracting state not their country of habitual residence
  3. The Convention applies only to children under the age of 16
  4. The Convention requires that a court in which a Hague Convention action is filed should not consider the merits of any underlying child custody dispute, but should determine only that country in which those issues should be heard
  5. The Convention mandates return of any child who was “habitually resident” in a contracting nation immediately before an action that constitutes a breach of custody or access rights
  6. The Convention provides special rules for admission and consideration of evidence independent of the evidentiary standards set by any member nation
  7. The Convention was concluded 25 October 1980 and entered into force between the signatories on 1 December 1983

As a part of revision for Prelims 2018, Here’s a Factoid to brush up your concepts

Name of the scheme : Digital India

Objectives : To transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy

Salient Features : The Digital India programme is centred on three key vision areas: – Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen -Governance & Services on Demand -Digital Empowerment of Citizens It aims to provide the much needed thrust to the nine pillars of growth areas, namely : -Broadband Highways, -Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity, – Public Internet Access Programme, -e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology, -e-Kranti – Electronic Delivery of Services, -Information for All, Electronics Manufacturing, -IT for Jobs and -Early Harvest Programmes

Nodal Ministry : The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY)

 

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