[Prelims Spotlight] Missiles


Missiles in news recently


  • This missile has been developed to replace the ‘Akash’ missile defence system and has 360-degree coverage, light weight, high mobility and shorter second reaction time as compared to ‘Akash’.
  • It also uses solid fuel propellant and has a stated range of strike range of 25-30 km with capability of hitting multiple targets.
  • It is capable of hitting the low flying objects.
  • It successfully demonstrated the robust Control, Aerodynamics, Propulsion, Structural performance and high manoeuvering capabilities thus proving the design configuration.


  1. The new missile system is developed by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in partnership with Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI).
  2. The MRSAM provides the armed forces with air defense capability against a variety of aerial threats at medium ranges.
  3. IAI will reportedly supply India with 2,000 missiles capable of intercepting enemy aircraft and missiles within a 70-kilometer range.
  4. The proposed MRSAM, to replace the old Pechora missiles.

3.Agni –I

  1. Agni-I is a short-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO of India under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.
  2. It is sleek single-stage missile, powered by solid propellants developed after the Kargil War to fill the gap between 250 km range of Prithvi-II and 2,500 km range of Agni-II.
  3. Agni-I was developed by advanced systems laboratory, the premier missile development laboratory of the DRDO.
  4. Weighing 12 tonnes, the 15-metre-long Agni-I, which can carry payloads up to 1000 kg, has already been inducted into the Indian Army.

4.Astra Missile

  1. Astra is an all weather beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation, India.
  2. It is the first air-to-air missile developed by India.
  3. Astra is designed to be capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both short-range targets at a distance of 20 km (12 mi) and long-range targets up to a distance of 80 km (50 mi).
  4. Astra has been integrated with Indian Air Force’s Sukhoi Su-30MKI and will be integrated with Dassault Mirage 2000 and Mikoyan MiG-29 in the future.

5.Prahar Missile

  1. Prahar (“Strike”) is an Indian solid-fuel road-mobile tactical ballistic missile developed by DRDO.
  2. Prahar is expected to replace the Prithvi-I short-range ballistic missile in Indian service.
  3. It is a quick-reaction, all-weather, all-terrain, highly accurate battlefield support tactical weapon system.
  4. The missile fills the short-range tactical battlefield missile role as required by the Indian Army to take out strategic and tactical targets.
  5. ‘Prahar’ is a contemporary weapon system capable of carrying multiple types of warheads and neutralizing a wide variety of targets.

6.Advanced Area Defence (AAD)

  1. AAD is an anti-ballistic missile designed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles in the endo-atmosphere at an altitude of 30 km (19 mi)
  2. AAD is a single-stage, solid-fuelled missile.
  3. Guidance is provided by an inertial navigation system.


  1. BrahMos is a joint collaboration between India and Russia and is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against the surface and sea-based targets
  2. It has a strike range of around 290 km and is described as the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile.
  3. The range of the supersonic missile was initially capped at 290 km as per the obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime


  1. The indigenously upgraded artillery gun Dhanush has successfully completed final user trials and is ready for induction into the Army
  2. Dhanush is an upgraded version of the Swedish Bofors gun procured by India in the mid-1980s.

Important Missiles

1.Surface-to-surface Missiles


  • Medium-range ballistic missile
  • Range – 700-1250 km
  • Speed- Mach 7.5


  • Intermediate-range ballistic missile
  • Range –2,000–3,000 km
  • Speed- Mach 12


  • Intermediate-range ballistic missile
  • Range –3,500 km – 5,000 km
  • Speed – 5–6 km/s


  • Intermediate-range ballistic missile
  • Range –3,000 – 4,000 km
  • Speed- Mach 7


  • Intercontinental ballistic missile
  • Range – 5000 – 8000 Km
  • Speed- Mach 24

6.Prithvi I

  • Short-Range Ballistic Missile
  • Range – 150 km

7.Prithvi II

  • Short-Range Ballistic Missile
  • Range –350 km


  • Short-Range Ballistic Missile
  • Range –350 – 600 km


  • Medium-Range Ballistic Missile
  • Range –750 to 1,900 km


  • Short-Range Ballistic Missile
  • Range –150 km

2.Cruise Missiles


  • Supersonic cruise missile
  • Range –290 km
  • Speed- Mach 2.8 to 3 Speed- Mach

2.BrahMos II

  • Hypersonic cruise missile
  • Range –300km
  • Speed- Mach 7


  • Subsonic cruise missile
  • Range –1,000 -1500 km
  • Speed– Mach 0.8

3.Anti-Tank Missile


  • Anti-Tank Guided Missile
  • Range – 2.8 km



  • Anti-Tank Guided Missile
  • Range – 4km
  • 230 m/s


  • Anti-Tank Guided Missile
  • Range – 7-8km

4.Defence Missile

1.Prithvi Air Defence

  • Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
  • Altitude- 80km
  • Speed- Mach 5+

2.Prithvi Defence Vehicle

  • Exo-atmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
  • Altitude- 30km
  • Speed- Mach 4.5

3.Advanced Air Defence

  • Endoatmospheric Anti-ballistic missile
  • Altitude- 30km

5.Surface-To-Air Missiles


  • Short-Range surface to air missile
  • Range – 9 km


2.Akash Missile

  • Medium-range surface-to-air missile
  • Range – 30-35km
  • Speed- Mach 2.5 to 3.5

3.Barak 8

  • Long-Range surface to air Missile
  • Range – 100 km
  • Speed- Mach 2

6.Air-to-air missiles


  • Air-to-Air Missiles


2.Astra Missile

  • Air-to-Air Missiles
  • Range – 80-110 km
  • Speed- Mach 4.5 +

3.Novator K-100

  • Medium Range air-to-air missile
  • Range – 300–400 km
  • Speed- Mach 3.3



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5 years ago


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5 years ago

Advanced Air Defence system has altitude of 30 km. It has been mentioned 120 km here. Please check it.

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5 years ago

good initiative for quick revision


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