Prelims titbits : Polity

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Judiciary

  1. Parliament decide the number of judges of supreme court while president decides the numbers in high courts
  2. Both supreme court and high court judges are appointed as well as removed by president <why not governor in case of high courts?>
  3. Salaries of high court judges is charged on CFS while pension is charged on CFI <why so> <what is charged and non charged expenditure>
  4. Appointment by collegium system (CJI plus 4 senior most supreme court judges) after 3rd judges case <how are high court judges appointed>
  5. District judges are appointed by governor in consultation with high courts <difference district judge v/s sessions judge>
  6. Both SC and HC judges need 10 year practice in high court but SC judge need 5 year judgeship in high court while HC judge needs 10 years of judgeship in district court
  7. A distinguished jurist can be appointed as judges of supreme court but not high court <why>
  8. Removal by special majority of parliament on grounds of proved misbehavior or incapacity <what is the whole procedure> <what is special majority and how is it different in case of impeachment of president>
  9. SC judges can’t practice w/i India post retirement: high court judges can in supreme court or other high courts <but there is no bar on further appointments such as chairperson or members of NHRC etc> <which authorities can’t be given further appointment?>
  10. Constitution provided for 1 high court for each state but 7th amendment allowed parliament to establish common high courts <how many high courts preside over more than 1 state or UT? Name them>

Q. Compare and contrast structure of Indian Judiciary with that of United states.

Jurisdiction of high court and supreme court

 

 

Exclusive (original by default) Original <concurrent with high courts> Appellate Advisory
Petition only in supreme court (directly by default) Directly in supreme court Appeals from high court President refers(art 143)
Federal disputes, inter state matters, disputes regarding election of president, VP Writ under art 32 Appeals, SLP Not necessary to tender opinion except on pre constitutional matters

By Dr V

Doctor by Training | AIIMSONIAN | Factually correct, Politically not so much | Opinionated? Yes!