- What: India and Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim nation, decided to expand their defence and maritime security ties and resolved to deal with terrorism
- They also decided to boost trade and investment in the areas of oil and gas, renewable energy, information technology and pharmaceuticals
- The issue of South China Sea figured prominently. In a veiled message to Beijing, both sides said the dispute must be resolved through peaceful means
- They called upon all countries to implement the UNSC Resolution 1267 (banning militant groups and their leaders) and other resolutions designating terrorist entities
- This is seen as an apparent reference to China blocking India’s move to get Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar designated as a global terrorist
- They also asked all nations to work towards eliminating terrorist safe havens and infrastructure, disrupting terror networks and their financing channels and stopping cross-border terrorism
- This is being viewed as a message to Pakistan
- Referring to the South China Sea dispute, in which Indonesia is a party, the two leaders called for resolving the issue through peaceful means
- They reiterated support for reforms to the U.N. and its principal organs, including the Security Council
These statements show a high degree of overlap between the objectives of the two countries. In particular, both want to restrain China and Pakistan. In combination with Vietnam’s overtures, it demonstrates real support for India’s leadership in South and South-east Asia.
Use this news as a chance to look at Indonesia in an atlas. Find out its capital and relative position with other countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam and Australia. Locate the Malacca Strait. Such map questions come frequently in UPSC prelims.