[op-ed snap] Space for all: South Asia satellite launch a positive signal to the neighbourhood

source

Note4Students:

This op-ed is useful as launch of the SAARC satellite is the continuance of neighborhood first policy of the Modi Govt.

Link this news to the other steps taken by Modi Govt in this regard(inviting head of states in oath ceremony of Mod0,BBIN etc). Also this SAARC satellite could be linked to string of pearls policy of China.

It is India’s attempt to counter the growing dominance of Chinese soft power in our neighbourhood. Also Pakistan’s reluctance to join it reflects the continuation of its obstruction on any project for integration between South Asian countries (remember motor vehicle agreement) which could be used to answer a question like Why SAARC has not achieved much success till now?

Also factual detail about SAARC satellite could be asked in prelims. In 2015 they asked question on mars mission.

By and large, this is mostly a factual op-ed which is an irony in itself! If you can note some of the geo-strategy points around what this launch means for Pak and China (& how Afghan’s president reacted to it) – we will give +1 to your growing maturity wrt. UPSC Prep!


Importance of the launch:

  1. The Centre has kept its promise of considering India’s “neighbourhood first”
  2. The decision was announced at the SAARC summit in Kathmandu, and the government has kept its commitment of gifting its neighbours at least one transponder each on the GSAT-9
  3. This project has cost about ₹450 crore
  4. India has gained goodwill across the subcontinent through the gesture

Message to China:

  1. The message is equally strong to South Asia’s other benefactor, China, at a time when it is preparing to demonstrate its global clout at the Belt and Road Forum on May 14-15
  2. The Belt and Road Initiative is an infrastructure network that every SAARC nation other than India has signed on to
  3. China has pledged billions of dollars in projects to each of the countries in the region; that, India is obviously not in a position to match

India’s space programme:

  1. India does excel in its space programme, as it is the only country in South Asia that has independently launched satellites on indigenously developed launch vehicles
  2. However, in recent years Pakistan and Sri Lanka have launched satellites with assistance from China, while Afghanistan, the Maldives and Nepal are also understood to have discussed satellite projects with China

Other projects of South Asia:

  1. Bangladesh, which will launch its first satellite Bangabandhu-1 this year, is working with a European agency
  2. With the GSLV launch India is showing that where it is capable its commitment to the development of its neighbours is strong

Signal to the Pakistan:

  1. By going ahead with the project despite Pakistan’s decision to pull out, the Modi government is signalling that it will continue with its plans for the neighbourhood — ‘SAARC minus one’ — if necessary
  2. This vision was dealt a minor blow recently when Bhutan pulled out of the ‘mini-SAARC’ alternative plan of a motor vehicles agreement for BBIN (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India Nepal)
  3. But the government’s persistence indicates it will not be deterred by the obvious domestic constraints of the SAARC grouping
  4. Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani, particularly aggrieved by Pakistan’s refusal to grant transit rights for India-Afghanistan trade, said at the launch of the GSLV-F09: “If cooperation through land is not possible, we can be connected through space”

Back2Basics:

Early this year, we had a newscard around – 5 new satellites this year to raise ISRO capacity

[V. Imp] Study the backgrounder on this ISRO Newstrail – click2read

[op-ed snap] Rethinking South Asian identity

Context:

  1. South Asia comprises only 3.5% of the world’s surface area but houses 24.8% of the global population spread over eight countries
  2. It has people from hundreds of ethno-linguistic groups and at least seven major religious identities
  3. South Asia is predicted to grow at the rate of 7% in 2017, it holds only 1.3% of the world’s income with nearly 90% workforce in informal sector
  4. Nature of economic growth and development that South Asian countries have pursued over the last 25 years has been unexceptionally neo-liberal

South Asia Poverty Report 2016:

  1. The South Asia Poverty Report 2016 brought out by the South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE) looks at some of these issues from an inter-country perspective
  2. It examines the nature of development through the changing nature of state

Post-colonial economies:

  1. In post-colonial economies with a highly-stratified society and multiple religious, linguistic and ethnic identities, the state was originally conceived as a transformative institution that would build an egalitarian society
  2. India’s Constitution, speaking of fundamental rights and directive principles, is an example of a transformative constitution
  3. Transformation was sought to be achieved through the application of redistributive welfare policies and the institution of public-funded agencies that made access to services affordable and equitable
  4. It is this conception that has been overthrown by the advent of the neo-liberal economic model

Withdrawing state?

  1. While economic growth has been more robust in the last decade in many South Asian economies, it has been accompanied by greater inequality
  2. Two major consequences of the growth: Destruction of agriculture and informalisation of labour
  3. Informalisation in labour increased with the idea of contractual work, absence of enforced minimum wages and withdrawal of state-sponsored social security
  4. In agriculture, increasing land dispossession, bondedness of labour and food insecurity has been remarkable
  5. Distress in these sectors is indicated by large-scale migration within and across countries, the debt crisis of the peasantry, food insecurity and farmer suicides

Tendencies that point towards transition:

  1. The first is the willful neglect and degradation of public institutions such as schools, hospitals and universities, eventually giving them over to the private sector
  2. For example, public health expenditure as share of GDP was as low as 0.8 and 0.9% respectively for countries such as Bangladesh and Pakistan against the global recommendation of 6%
  3. The second tendency is to withdraw social security amidst declining employment opportunities
  4. The response of the state to the demands of employment and welfare benefits has been more ‘growth’ through the opening of natural resources to markets, extending easy credit to distressed classes such as peasants, and rapid urbanisation through the nodal development of smart cities

Strong force:

  1. Social movements have been the single largest force opposing these policies
  2. This brings us to the third facet of the new state — growing militarization
  3. An uneasy nexus between state and religious fundamentalist groups in Bangladesh and Maldives, state and feudal groups in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and state and finance capital in India and Sri Lanka have given birth to extremist elements dictating public policy
  4. Under the Taliban rule, only 3% of girls received any form of primary education in Afghanistan
  5. In all South Asian countries, it is not surprising that a low gender empowerment index coexists with a low human development index
  6. The labour movement in India has successfully negotiated for maternity benefits and the Sri Lankan university teachers’ movement has demanded high quality public education
  7. People are emerging as the connecting link between equity and growth and therefore moving toward forging a pan South Asian identity

Note4Students:

The common threats of informalisation of labour, withdrawal of social protection and rising unemployment coexists with increasing militarisation and loss of freedom of expression, association and religion. An important op-ed for Mains.

[pib] Know about South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) program of Asian Development Bank (ADB)

  1. Context: South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) program of Asian Development Bank (ADB) is expanding towards the East with Myanmar formally becoming the 7th member of SASEC in 2017
  2. SASEC member countries recognize that most of SASEC’s multimodal connectivity initiatives include Myanmar
  3. Myanmar was accorded an observer status of SASEC in 2013 when ADB’s annual meeting was held in Noida, India

Benefits of including Myanmar:

  1. Road corridors in Myanmar provide the key links between South Asia and Southeast Asia
  2. Ports in Myanmar will provide additional gateways to the landlocked North Eastern region of India
  3. Development of multi-modal connectivity between North Eastern region of India, Bangladesh and Myanmar has the potential of unleashing tremendous economic energy in the sub-region
  4. SASEC’s energy connectivity and energy trade prospects will be enhanced with the inclusion of Myanmar, involving its substantial resources of hydropower and natural gas
  5. Developmental impacts of economic corridor in the SASEC sub-region will be maximized by exploring potential synergies with corridors in Myanmar that are linked to those in other Southeast Asian countries

What is SASEC?

  1. The SASEC program was formed in 2001 in response to the request of the four countries of South Asia – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal – from ADB to assist in facilitating economic cooperation among them
  2. These four countries comprise the South Asia Growth Quadrangle (SAGQ), formed in 1996, as a vehicle for accelerating sustainable economic development through regional cooperation
  3. As a project-based partnership, the SASEC program has been helping realize regional prosperity by enhancing cross-border connectivity, facilitating faster and more efficient trade and promoting cross-border power trade
  4. Maldives and Sri Lanka joined SASEC in 2014, further expanding opportunities for enhancing economic linkages in the sub-region

Note4Students:

Make notes on SASEC, its formation and the benefit of including Myanmar in SASEC. Important for both prelims and mains.

PIB

Kolkata-Mizoram trade route to open via Myanmar

  1. What: A deep water port built in Myanmar’s Sittwe on the Bay of Bengal by India is ready to be commissioned
  2. Competition with China: The Indian achievement pips to the post a Chinese project to create a deep-sea berthing infrastructure and an SEZ further down the Rakhine coast at Kyaukphyu
  3. The two investments are inevitably being seen as the Asian competitors attempting to expand their spheres of naval influence in the Indian ocean region
  4. Other examples are  Gwadar in Pakistan and Chabahar in Iran being built by China and India, respectively
  5. Construction of the sea port is the first phase of an integrated $500-million project being funded by a long-term interest-free loan provided by India
  6. Advantages: India has for years sought transit access through Bangladesh to ship goods to the landlocked north-eastern States
  7. At present, the only route to this region from the rest of India is a rather circuitous one
  8. It is through a narrow strip of Indian territory nicknamed the Chicken’s Neck in West Bengal, sandwiched between Bhutan and Bangladesh
  9. The strategic advantage would be that it would significantly lower the cost and distance of movement from Kolkata to Mizoram and beyond
  10. The link was conceived by the Manmohan Singh government and work began in 2010
  11. As with other Indian infrastructure ventures in Myanmar, though, the completion target of 2013 was missed
  12. Also on the anvil are 10 border haat points to facilitate local economic activity between Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Myanmar

Note4students:

It is an important part of the Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project.

India, Indonesia resolve to fight terror

  1. What: India and Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim nation, decided to expand their defence and maritime security ties and resolved to deal with terrorism
  2. They also decided to boost trade and investment in the areas of oil and gas, renewable energy, information technology and pharmaceuticals
  3. The issue of South China Sea figured prominently. In a veiled message to Beijing, both sides said the dispute must be resolved through peaceful means
  4. They called upon all countries to implement the UNSC Resolution 1267 (banning militant groups and their leaders) and other resolutions designating terrorist entities
  5. This is seen as an apparent reference to China blocking India’s move to get Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar designated as a global terrorist
  6. They also asked all nations to work towards eliminating terrorist safe havens and infrastructure, disrupting terror networks and their financing channels and stopping cross-border terrorism
  7. This is being viewed as a message to Pakistan
  8. Referring to the South China Sea dispute, in which Indonesia is a party, the two leaders called for resolving the issue through peaceful means
  9. They reiterated support for reforms to the U.N. and its principal organs, including the Security Council

Note4students:

These statements show a high degree of overlap between the objectives of the two countries. In particular, both want to restrain China and Pakistan. In combination with Vietnam’s overtures, it demonstrates real support for India’s leadership in South and South-east Asia.

Back2basics:

Use this news as a chance to look at Indonesia in an atlas. Find out its capital and relative position with other countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam and Australia. Locate the Malacca Strait. Such map questions come frequently in UPSC prelims.

Vietnam invites India to explore energy in South China Sea

  1. Highlighting India’s importance as a regional power, Vietnam has urged New Delhi to intensify economic engagement with Southeast Asia
  2. The Chairwoman of National Assembly of Vietnam extended an invitation to India to explore energy in South China Sea and supported India’s multilateral membership plans
  3. According to her, Vietnam supports ‘Act East’ policy of India which is aimed at energising India’s ties with Southeast Asia
  4. She said that Vietnam can serve as India’s bridge to Southeast Asia
  5. Significance: South China Sea has been at the centre of a protracted international dispute involving China and several countries of Southeast Asia, including Vietnam
  6. She also supported India’s campaign for a permanent membership of the Security Council
  7. Her visit witnessed conclusion of several bilateral agreements such as the civil nuclear agreement

[op-ed snap] Singapore to Rajasthan

  1. Theme: Singapore-Rajasthan collaboration in launch of the Centre for Excellence in Tourism Training (CETT) at Udaipur.
  2. Lessons from Singapore: Singapore’s holistic view of development, which recognises that we do not live in an economy but a society, is worth emulating.
  3. It has a similar history of colonial oppression as India, but has fast risen to have one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, has consistently ranked first in the World Bank ease of doing business and is considered the best investment destination in Asia.
  4. It has achieved great successes in tourism, education, ports, finance, urban productivity, house ownership, job creation and much else.
  5. At the same time, it has been Asia’s most successful nation at poverty reduction and has recognized the huge positive effects of tourism on gender issues, employment, wages, preservation of culture, urban development and much else.
  6. Singapore has demonstrated that you don’t have to be western to be modern and how a poor country can become a rich one in one generation.
  7. Opportunities in Rajasthan-Singapore collaboration: Tourism is an important engine for job creation in Rajasthan. Singapore’s success in the tourism sector can help Rajasthan achieve its full potential.
  8. Launch of CETT and a direct flight from Singapore to Jaipur will go a long way to achieve this objective.

Hold inclusive dialogue, India tells Nepal

  1. India and Nepal held wide-ranging talks including Constitutional issues and sealed three significant deals during Mr. Prachanda’s September 15-18 visit to India
  2. Constitutional issues: India expressed that Nepal will successfully implement the Constitution through inclusive dialogue, accommodating the aspirations of all sections of their diverse society
  3. However, differences over the Constitution which led to domestic discord and disturbed ties with Delhi persisted
  4. Agreements: Upgrade of road network in Nepal and two line of credit agreements between Nepal and the Exim Bank
  5. A Line of Credit for 750 million USD which was something India had committed earlier and which would cover a lot of development projects in Nepal

Background to Nepal rail project

  1. The current Nepal PM, Pusp Kumar Dahal (Prachanda), a former Maoist rebel commander, has chosen New Delhi as his first foreign stop
  2. This might be a step to rebalance ties that chilled under his pro-China predecessor K.P. Oli
  3. Oli had sealed trade deals with China that sought to reduce landlocked Nepal’s economic dependence on India
  4. Oli Govt had also said that the fuel and trade embargo (border blockade) had the tacit backing of India
  5. Struggle for Constitution: It is yet to complete a political transition after a decade-long insurgency and weeks of deadly street protests that brought down the monarchy nearly a decade ago
  6. A new republican constitution is still a source of rancour for southern plains people who mounted a five-month border blockade that ended earlier this year
  7. Discuss: What are the sticking points in India-Nepal relations, in terms of Constitution making in Nepal and other issues? What should be India’s approach towards solving these issues keeping in mind the other Asian interests in the region?

India, Vietnam sign 12 agreements

  1. Context: Prime Minister Narendra Modi met his Vietnamese counterpart Nguyen Xuan Phuc for one-to-one talks ahead of delegation-level talks
  2. Agreements: Cooperation in- defence and IT, to boost bilateral ties
  3. India will provide $500 million credit line for Vietnam for defence cooperation
  4. Also offered a grant of $5 million to set up a software park in Vietnam
  5. History: This is the first bilateral prime ministerial visit from India to Vietnam in 15 years since the visit of then premier Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 2001

Project Development Fund approved by Cabinet

  1. Corpus: Rs.500 Crore
  2. Aim: Catalysing Indian economic presence in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam
  3. To be housed in the Department of Commerce and operated through the EXIM Bank
  4. Governed by: An inter-ministerial committee under the chairpersonship of the Commerce Secretary

India, Myanmar to build bridges, sign pact for 69

  1. Context: Myanmarese President U. Htin Kyaw’s India visit, who chose India as the first foreign destination after coming to power in March
  2. India: Would stand with Myanmar at every step & support all its endeavours
  3. MOUs: Agreement on construction of 69 bridges & also approach roads in the Tamu-Kyigone-Kalewa section of the Trilateral Highway
  4. Connectivity: These which will establish better connectivity between India and Southeast Asia

ETCA may be a reality: Y.K. Sinha

  1. News: ETCA would be an improvement over the existing Free Trade Agreement (FTA) & may soon be a reality- Indian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka
  2. Certain sections of Sri Lanka continue to view skeptically the proposed ETCA with India
  3. ETCA: Economic and Technology Cooperation Agreement
  4. Bilateral trade: $4.6 billion in 2015-16, of which Indian exports were valued at about $4 billion and Sri Lankan exports — $645 million
  5. Nearly 60% of Sri Lankan exports were making use of the FTA whereas 90% Indian exports did not use the channel & it is obvious who has benefitted more from the FTA

Vizag Port declared as second gateway port for Nepal

  1. Visakhapatnam Port has been declared as the second gateway port for Nepal after Kolkata-Haldia
  2. The movement of traffic-in-transit between Port of Visakhapatnam and Nepal will be in sealed containers and in full rake only & the cost of transhipment will be borne by the consignor/ consignee
  3. The agreement provides for transport of the cargo through the rail route connecting Visakhapatnam-Jogbani or/ and Visakhapatnam-Birgunj
  4. In addition to the rail route, four road routes have been identified
  5. Most of the transit cargo of Nepal will be from China
  6. Visakhapatnam Port has the deepest container terminal among major ports with permissible draft of 15 metres and LOA up to 320 metres
  7. The terminal can act as an ideal gateway for east-bound cargo & handling of cargo will be advantageous in terms of ocean freight and liner detention

Indian defence capabilities & Act East Policy

  1. Act East: India has been actively beefing up relations in the region as part of its ‘Act East’ policy
  2. Under this, maritime security and defence cooperation are assuming a central role
  3. Also, India has been attempting to build a domestic defence manufacturing base and increase its defence exports
  4. India exported its first warship to Mauritius in December 2014
  5. Since then GRSE has been aggressively scouting for opportunities in the neighbourhood
  6. It is also set to supply four patrol vessels to Vietnam under the $100 million line of credit extended by India in 2014

South China Sea & Philippines

  1. China angle: Philippines has territorial disputes with China over the South China Sea
  2. This led Philippines to announce plans to beef up its Navy in the region
  3. For this, it issued a tender in December 2013 for two frigates

India may supply two warships to Philippines

  1. Context: Supply of warships to Philippines
  2. Garden Reach Ship Builders (GRSE) has emerged as the lowest bidder to supply two warships to the Philippines Navy
  3. GRSE is a Kolkata-based public sector yard
  4. A boost to India’s defence exports in a region of strategic importance

Modi, Sirisena discuss fishermen issue

  1. Context: Frequent arrests of Indian fishermen by Sri Lanka
  2. The issue was discussed between Indian PM and Sri Lankan President of Sri Lanka Maithripala Sirisena
  3. Sri Lanka: Reiterated the need to build a dedicated mechanism
  4. Sri Lanka has arrested 34 Indian fishermen and 96 Indian fishing boats while India has 13 Sri Lankan boats in custody
  5. Free Trade Agreement: No progress
  6. Mr. Sirisena is in India to attend the Vaicharik Mahakumbh in Ujjain under an inter-faith event
  7. Aim: to deepen the relations of two countries due to concern of growing Chinese effect on Colombo

India’s help sought to tackle drugs problem in Jaffna

  1. Kerala Ganja:: In recent meeting with former Indian diplomat, leaders from Jaffna raised issues of drug trafficking of ‘Kerala Ganja’
  2. Concerns: Due to easy availability of drugs, crimes are growing, youth get attached to it and become easy victims
  3. Also, ganja is sold in micro retail shops & minor children are engaged in selling it
  4. Reasons: Youth get money easily, many of them dependent on inward remittances,
  5. Demand: Restrict the smuggling of entire quantity of banned substances comes from India including Kerala Ganja

Cabinet nod to Indo-Mauritius pact on cooperatives

  1. Cabinet has approved an inter-governmental agreement between India and Mauritius on cooperation in cooperatives and related fields
  2. Aim: Promoting cooperation through short- and medium-term programmes within the framework of the joint activities
  3. Agreement will be valid for five years after which it will be automatically extended for another five years
  4. Background: Mauritius had shown keen interest in developing an institutional mechanism between the Cooperative Development Fund (CDF) set up by it and the National Cooperative Union of India (NCUI)
  5. Why? To benefit from NCUI’s experience in co-operative development

Indian aid for Ramayana trail may be finalised soon

  1. Context: India’s assistance for the Ramayana circuit in Sri Lanka
  2. The issue may be finalised in a high level meeting between the two governments next month
  3. India’s help has been sought for development of infrastructure or amenities in the sites that form part of the Ramayana circuit
  4. About a dozen places have been identified as part of the circuit and Sita Eliya in Nuwera Eliya of the Central Province is one of them
  5. Legend: It is in this place that Sita was held captive by Ravana

Japan announces $7 billion plan to develop Mekong region

  1. Context: Japan has decided to take initiative in development of Mekong region
  2. It includes the regions of Vietnam, Laos and Thailand through which the river flow
  3. South east Asia is important to Japan for economy purpose

Soon, direct flights from India to NZ

  1. Context: Visit to New Zealand by President Pranab Mukherjee
  2. India and New Zealand signed an air services agreement
  3. It will pave the way for carriers to run direct flights between the two countries
  4. This is an enabling agreement to encourage carriers to have code sharing agreements or direct flights
  5. It will help tourists, students and businessmen

Farm sector hitch in FTA talks with New Zealand: Pranab

  1. Context: President Pranab Mukherjee on long pending India-New Zealand FTA talks
  2. India: Govt is not maintaining silence on the issue, but is carefully considering the issues involved
  3. Ten rounds of discussions have taken place since 2010 on the FTA
  4. Differences: Mainly in regard to agricultural products
  5. Potential: In agriculture & cold chain management, India can learn much and greatly benefit from their experience and expertise

India, Thailand in talks for exchange of prisoners

  1. India and Thailand have started talks on exchanging prisoners that are of mutual interest
  2. Reason – Both countries are worried over the possible proxy use of narcotics and human trafficking networks by terror operators
  3. Legal Basis – The bilateral extradition treaty, 2013, and the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty, 2004, provide the legal basis for negotiation to both sides
  4. Impact -A humane step and it will also help in returning several Thai victims of human trafficking who are in various prisons of India

India, Thailand firm up maritime cooperation

  1. India-Thailand collaboration is necessary to ensure freedom of navigation and connectivity in the Southeast Asian region
  2. As maritime neighbours, India and Thailand have a shared interest in the security of international sea lanes
  3. Mr. Ansari has expressed Indian concerns about freedom of navigation in the region due to growing maritime disputes between China and other regional countries
  4. The two sides agreed to fast track the ongoing trilateral land corridor project connecting Thailand-Myanmar and India

India likely to sign defence pact with Brunei

  1. Vice-President Hamid Ansari is expected to reach a landmark defence agreement with Brunei.
  2. The agreement will be aimed at starting a new generation of Indian defence cooperation with Brunei.
  3. To train its defence forces and help the Southeast Asian nation in capacity-building.
  4. Brunei also disputes Chinese claims on the South China Sea.
  5. The agreement is being interpreted as a major diplomatic breakthrough since both sides established relations in 1984.
  6. Brunei’s current defence responsibilities are handled by the U.K. which supplies soldiers to serve its defence needs.

Mekong-Ganga Cooperation (MGC)

The Ministry of External Affairs has, through the ASEAN-India Cooperation Fund, granted 6 scholarships to students from Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam to pursue a Master’s degree at Nalanda.

  1. The MGC established in the year 2000, focuses on expanding cooperation between India and countries of Mekong region, viz. Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand.
  2. The key areas of cooperation under MGC are tourism, culture, education, and transport & communications.
  3. Aims to strengthen the ties between the peoples of the 2 regions.
  4. Collaboration between MGC countries in SMEs, conservation of rice germplasm, health and pandemic management, establishment of a Common Archival Resource Centre at Nalanda University.
PIB

‘Neighbourhood first’ on track: Sushma

  1. MEA said that India’s Neighbourhood first policy is on track citing the recent NSA-level talks and the announcement of the Comprehensive Dialogue Process with Pakistan.
  2. It has created new opportunities for solving old issues in the region.
  3. Analysts cited the handling of the Nepal crisis by India sent a very negative message to the entire South Asian region.
  4. They stressed that India’s focus should primarily be in the South Asian region due to its importance to domestic affairs.

India, Singapore enter into strategic tie-up

  1. India and Singapore signed a joint declaration envisaging a Strategic Partnership, broadening engagement in existing areas of cooperation.
  2. It aims to catalyse areas ranging from political, defence and security cooperation to economic, cultural and people-to-people contacts.
  3. The two countries signed 10 bilateral agreements, to contribute to greater regional stability and growth.
  4. MoUs were signed for curtailing drug trafficking and improving cyber security, and collaboration on technology and research.

India, Malaysia vow to strengthen defence ties

  1. India and Malaysia have agreed to strengthen their defence cooperation, including improved maritime security and disaster response in the region.
  2. The two countries have upgraded our joint exercises and set up the SU-30 Forum.
  3. Mr. Modi reiterated that the trade and investment relations between the two countries could be scaled up significantly.
  4. The MoUs pertain to cybersecurity, cooperation in management, delivery and monitoring of govt. programmes and cultural exchanges.

Boost trade ties with Indonesia, says Ansari

  1. In 2014-15, India’s total imports from Indonesia totalled $15 billion while the exports came to just $4 billion.
  2. Mr. Ansari said the complementarities between the two nations must be harnessed in attracting investments.
  3. India is the largest buyer of crude palm oil from Indonesia, and it also imports coal, minerals, rubber, pulp and hydrocarbons.
  4. India’s major exports to Indonesia are refined petroleum products, maize, telecommunication equipment, commercial vehicles and oil seeds.

India inks energy pact with Indonesia

  1. Agreed on two agreements, cooperation in new and renewable energy, and renewal of the cultural exchange programme 2015-18.
  2. Energy pact serve commitments India and Indonesia made to reduce carbon emissions by 35 and 29 per cent respectively by 2030.
  3. Vice-President thanked Indonesia for its support in organising Sahabat India: The Festival of India in Indonesia’.


:( We are working on most probable questions. Do check back this section.







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