Foreign Policy Watch: India-APEC

Apr, 18, 2019

External Affairs Ministry sets up Indo-Pacific Wing

News

  • India has just set up an Indo-Pacific division in the foreign office.
  • MEA’s territorial divisions are crucial for policy making, so the creation of an Indo-Pacific division is a big step by the government.

India-Pacific Wing

  • The brainchild of foreign secretary Vijay Gokhale, the new division is intended to give a coherent architecture to the policy, which was articulated in the Shangri-La Dialogue in 2018.
  • The division will integrate the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), ASEAN region and the Quad to the Indo-Pacific table.
  • It is not clear whether the different trilateral groupings in the Indo-Pacific theatre, like the India-Japan-US, India-Australia-Indonesia and India-Australia-Japan would be part of this division’s responsibility.
  • The division will be headed for the moment by joint secretary for whom it will be an additional charge apart from Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Why such move?

  • The US recently renamed its Pacific Command to the Indo-Pacific Command as it seeks to give teeth to its Indo-Pacific policy.
  • In India, the policy will be run by the MEA, though it is expected that as it moves along, it will work with the defence ministry which runs its own Indo-Pacific policy.
  • For instance, Indian ships are currently touring Vietnam on a goodwill visit en route to China, while others are in Mozambique to provide relief.
  • While South Asia is wary of China, it is equally wary of the US and its allies, preferring to keep the region outside great power politics.
  • It is this that India wants to address and engage with.

Maintaining the regional spirit

  • India is planning to put greater energy to the IORA because the heart of its Indo-Pacific policy is rooted in the Indian Ocean.
  • This integrates the blue economy part of the Indian policy with the security part — a trilateral security mechanism between India, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
  • In its Indo-Pacific diplomacy, India has repeatedly placed Asean at the centre of its policy.
  • Singapore, Vietnam and now Indonesia are key partners in the region for India. This will also involve the Quad and taking this new grouping to the region.
Nov, 21, 2018

[op-ed snap] When giants clash: on the US-China discord

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

Mains level: US-China trade war and its impact on global economics as well as geopolitics


Context

Recent APEC meeting

  1. Breaking with more than a quarter-century of history, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) organisation wrapped up its summit with no joint communiqué issued
  2. Its leaders, principally led by the U.S. and China, clashed over the proposed wording of the document
  3. The economic rivalry between Washington and Beijing appeared to fracture the 21-nation summit into two segments

What was the issue?

  1. The source of the friction stemmed from the Trump administration’s “America First” policy, under which Washington led the charge on “unfair trade practices”
  2. This was an implicit accusation that China wasn’t levelling the playing field in global trade
  3. The U.S. has been urging China to increase market access and grant intellectual property protections for American corporations, cut back on industrial subsidies and, at a broader level, bring down the $375-billion trade gap
  4. The US Vice President also hinted at strategic pushback when he called upon nations to eschew loans that could leave them in a debt trap with Beijing
  5. The Belt and Road Initiative has worried smaller Asian nations and the U.S., particularly given that China views the Asia-Pacific landscape as a means to secure economic predominance worldwide

The issue has been a long-standing one

  1. The troubles began over the summer when both countries started taxing $50 billion worth of the other’s imports, followed by the U.S. slapping $200 billion of Chinese exports with a 10% tariff, to be ratcheted up to 25% by the year-end
  2. China, unsurprisingly, retaliated with a promise to impose reciprocal taxes to the tune of $60 billion
  3. Already, the tariff war has resulted in the IMF downgrading its global growth outlook for this year and the next to 3.7%, down 0.2 percentage points from an earlier forecast

What does this mean for global trade?

  1. If this continues, eventually global supply chains may be hit, and shrinking trade volumes may cause companies to seek out new trading routes and partners
  2. Institutionally, multilateral rule-making bodies such as the WTO may lose their authority
  3. An interlocking system of bilateral trade treaties and punitive sanctions networks may substitute the consensus-based approach that was forged so painstakingly after World War II
  4. Asia will be at the heart of this war of attrition because strategic control of its high-value maritime trading routes is the key to China’s dreams of global trade dominance

Way forward

  1. After the APEC summit, the world is still poised on the edge of the trade war vortex
  2. The forthcoming G20 meeting in Argentina offers an opportunity to pull back from the brink
Nov, 14, 2018

[op-ed snap] Four corners: on the Quad's agenda

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Quad grouping, East Asia Summit, RCEP

Mains level: The informality of Quad arrangement and its importance in present scenario


Context

Quad meeting 

  1. Officials from the ‘Quadrilateral’ grouping of India, Australia, Japan and the U.S. are scheduled to meet in Singapore
  2. Their challenge will be to accurately describe their common agenda
  3. During this round, the four countries are expected to discuss infrastructure projects they are working on and building humanitarian disaster response mechanisms
  4. The four countries are expected to talk about regional developments, including elections in the Maldives, the collapse of the government in Sri Lanka and the latest developments in North Korea
  5. With Quad talks being held on the sidelines of the East Asia summit, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership summit and the ASEAN-India informal summit, discussions will include some of the overlapping issues among these groupings

Challenges for Quad

  1. Despite the potential for cooperation, the Quad remains a mechanism without a defined strategic mission
  2. Even a common definition of the geographical area encompassed has yet to be found
  3. In 2007, when the grouping was first formed following cooperation after the 2004 tsunami, the idea was to better coordinate maritime capabilities for disaster situations
  4. When revived in 2017, the grouping seemed to have become a counter to China’s growing inroads into the region
  5. The entire focus on the Indo-Pacific makes the Quad a maritime, rather than land-based, grouping, raising questions whether the cooperation extends to the Asia-Pacific and Eurasian regions
  6. Even on maritime exercises, there is a lack of concurrence

Bilateral cooperations

  1. Over the past few months, India and Japan have announced they will combine efforts on a number of projects in South Asia, including bridges and roads in Bangladesh, an LNG facility in Sri Lanka and reconstruction projects in Myanmar’s Rakhine province
  2. Australia has unveiled an ambitious $2 billion project to fund infrastructure and build maritime and military infrastructure in the Pacific region, on which it is willing to cooperate with other Quad members

Differences between members

  1. While Washington sees the U.S. and India as “bookends” of the Indo-Pacific, India and Japan have included the oceans up to Africa in their definition
  2. India has not admitted Australia in the Malabar exercises with the U.S. and Japan, despite requests from Canberra, and has also resisted raising the level of talks from an official to the political level
  3. India is the only member not in a treaty alliance with the other Quad countries

Way forward

  1. Each member of grouping is committed to building a stronger Quadrilateral engagement
  2. The outcome of the third round in Singapore will be judged by the ability of the group to issue a joint declaration, which eluded it in the first and second round
Oct, 06, 2018

[op-ed snap] Eyes on India

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Not much

Mains level: Threat posed by China in the Asian region and how India can be helpful in countering it


Context

State of geopolitics in Asia

  1. Asia is in a state of flux
  2. China’s Belt and Road Initiative is reshaping the region’s geography, with roads and railways traversing Eurasia and new ports dotting the Indian Ocean basin
  3. Beijing’s militarisation of the South China Sea continues, despite negotiations towards a code of conduct
  4. Japan has found itself in an unexpected leadership position, resuscitating the Trans-Pacific Partnership and concluding a trade agreement with the European Union
  5. Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Australia have all unveiled strategies to diversify their economic interdependence, away from mainland China and towards Southeast Asia and India

Motivations behind these moves

  1. The most recent is the ongoing trade and tariff war between the U.S. and China
  2. A longer-term concern is Beijing’s use of its economic muscle for political purposes, whether in suspending rare earth metal exports to Japan in 2010 or punishing a major South Korean corporation for Seoul’s decision to install a missile defence system in 2017
  3. China’s limited market growth potential and questions of access and reciprocity are additional considerations

A new Indo Pacific strategy with a focus on India

  1. Japan’s Free and Open Indo-Pacific strategy is meant to diversify investments to more promising markets in Southeast Asia, India, and Africa
  2. South Korean President has unveiled a New Southern Policy
  3. While the policy is focussed on Southeast Asia, it also makes India Korea’s key partner for cooperation
  4. Taiwan, a G20-sized economy whose political status is disputed, has announced a New Southbound Policy with significant accompanying investments in India by Taiwanese electronics manufacturers
  5. Australia’s government has commissioned an ambitious India Economic Strategy with the goal of making India its third-largest investment destination and export destination by 2035

Way Forward

  1. The stars are aligning in Asia for the acceleration of India’s economic growth
  2. But with more protectionist sentiments taking root, a legacy of poorly-negotiated trade deals, a general election around the corner, and uneven economic liberalisation, the likelihood of India taking full advantage of these opportunities remains slim
Jun, 18, 2018

[op-ed snap] Countering China in the Indo-Pacific

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Shangri-La Dialogue, Malabar exercises, Rimpac (Rim of the Pacific) exercises, two-plus-two dialogue, Guam, Martabali port, Sonadia port, Trincomalee port, Malacca Straits, Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC)

Mains level: Indo Pacific cooperation and its importance for India


Context

Shangri-La Dialogue

  1. At the recently concluded Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore, PM Modi and the defense ministers of Japan, the US and Australia reiterated their shared commitment to the Indo-Pacific region
  2. It was closely followed by Japan-India-US Malabar exercises in Guam
  3. Japan, India, the US and Australia will also join Rimpac (Rim of the Pacific) exercises commencing on 27 June
  4. India and the US are planning to hold the first two-plus-two dialogue (between their foreign and defense ministers) in Washington

Turning cooperation into a “counter China strategy”

There are three possible ways

First, we should focus on the link between Indo-China border area and the East China Sea

  • If India cooperates with Japan and the US, it will not need to deal with all the Chinese fighter jets at once, because China is likely to keep some of its fighter jets to defend its eastern front.
  • Japan and the US are willing to support India’s efforts to modernize its defence in the Indo-China border area

Second, there is a high possibility that in the near future India will be the most influential sea power in the Indian Ocean Region

  • Japan, the US and Australia will then be able to deploy more military force in the East China Sea and the South China Sea to maintain the military balance against China
  • Therefore, these three countries should share the know-how related with anti-submarine capabilities and enhance India’s military preparedness
  • Developing infrastructure in countries of the region is useful, too
  • Bangladesh has already chosen Japan’s Martabali port project instead of China’s Sonadia port project
  • If the Trincomalee port project involving Japanese assistance in Sri Lanka succeeds, then the importance of China’s Hambantota port will decline
  • The Asia-Africa Growth Corridor (AAGC), a result of Indo-Japanese cooperation, will also counter China’s growing influence in Africa

Third, Japan, India, the US and Australia can collaborate to support South-East Asian countries in the South China Sea

  • The South-East Asian countries need to beef up their military power
  • The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are strategically important
  • These islands are near the Malacca Straits, providing an excellent location for tracking China’s submarine activities
  • Japanese investment in India’s strategic road project in the latter’s North-East region will help increase India-South-East Asia trade
  • Growing India-South-East Asia trade could reduce China’s influence in South-East Asia

Way Forward

  1. Further security cooperation among Japan, India, the US and Australia is increasingly plausible
  2. The time has come to proactively further this cooperation to ensure prosperity and stability in the whole of Indo-Pacific
Jun, 09, 2018

U.S.-Japan-India-Australia Quad: New Delhi charts new line on Indo-Pacific policy

Image result for quad india us japan

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Quad arrangement, Indo-pacific area (mark important places on map)

Mains level: India’s rising importance in Indo-pacific region to counter Chinese efforts of expansion


News

Different stand on Quad

  1. India does not consider the newly re-established quadrilateral format of U.S.-Japan-India-Australia as a part of its “Indo-Pacific” region policy
  2. The Quadrilateral format of U.S.-Japan-India-Australia is one of the many multilateral dialogues in the region, and not directed against any country

Background

  1. The Quad arrangement came together in November 2017 in a joint effort to contain China’s aggressive actions in the South China Sea, and forays in India’s neighbourhood
Feb, 20, 2018

Plans on for ‘parallel’ Belt and Road

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Belt and Road Initiative, Quad

Mains level: India’s engagement with various nations to counter China


News

Quad getting into action

  1. Australia, the U.S., India, and Japan are talking about establishing a joint regional infrastructure scheme
  2. This would be an alternative to China’s Belt and Road Initiative
  3. It is an attempt to counter Beijing’s spreading influence

Details not available

  1. The plan involving the four partners was still nascent
  2. It is unlikely to be announced during Australian Prime Minister’s visit to the U.S. later this week
Jan, 09, 2018

[op-ed snap] Dark clouds across Asia

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Concert of Europe, Doklam, Belt and Road Initiative, Gwadar, Hambantota and Djibouti ports, ‘Wei-Qi tactics’, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Islamic Caliphate

Mains level: State of affairs across Asia-Pacific and rising power competition


Context

More disorder in Asia-Pacific in 2018

  1. More disorder, coming with increasing signs of a breakdown in inter and intra-state relations, is perhaps on the horizon for Asia-pacific region
  2. The Asian region is nowhere near achieving the kind of equilibrium that the Concert of Europe brought to 19th century Europe

Region facing intense competition

  1. The region is today an area of intense geostrategic and geo-economic competition
  2. China is the rising economic and military power in Asia
  3. It has to contend not only with the US but with India and Japan too
  4. In mid-2017 in Doklam, India had demonstrated that it was more than capable of standing up to China’s bullying tactics

Speculation about the extent of China’s rise

  1. This was based on the common presumption that the U.S. under President Donald Trump had surrendered its global leadership role
  2. The reluctance of the U.S. to embark on ‘new wars’, especially in Asia, does not, however, undermine its geopolitical, geostrategic and geo-economic pre-eminence
  3. It is not China’s rise, but the breakdown of the institution of the state, as is evident in Afghanistan and Syria, that poses far more pressing problems for Asia

Future of Asia

  1. The future of the rest of Asia in 2018 is again dependent on how the strategic triangle of state relations between China, Pakistan and India plays out
  2. The situation has become more complicated as China and Pakistan have further strengthened their axis, which is inimically disposed towards India
  3. East Asia will remain a troubled region for much of 2018 with dispute between North and South Korea not seeing any resolution in near future
  4. It also depends on the extent to which events in West Asia deteriorate

China-India at loggerheads

  1. In 2017, India-China relations had steadily deteriorated
  2. China is clearly peeved that India refuses to participate in its Belt and Road Initiative that straddles Asia and Europe
  3. The stand-off at Doklam in mid-2017 was possibly intended by China to send a message to India

What can China do?

  1. China can also be expected in 2018 to resort to other pressure tactics against India
  2. Backing Pakistani intransigence in ‘needling’ India is certain to be one
  3. China can be expected to intensify its moves to displace India as the major partner in relations with many of India’s neighbours
  4. 2017 had already seen China moving in this direction vis-à-vis Nepal, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar
  5. China has succeeded to some extent in denting India’s long-standing relationship with Russia, having established a strategic congruence with that country

What does India need to do?

  1. India would again need to be on its guard in 2018 as China consolidates its takeover of Gwadar (Pakistan) and Hambantota (Sri Lanka) ports
  2. Together with China’s establishment of a base in Djibouti (on the Horn of Africa), India could find itself at the receiving end of China’s ‘Wei-Qi tactics
  3. As India grows closer to the U.S. in 2018, the India-China equation could further worsen
  4. This is likely to be further compounded by India’s association with the Quadrilateral (of U.S., India, Japan and Australia)

India-Pakistan relations

  1. 2018 holds out little prospect of an improvement in India-Pakistan relations
  2. In 2017 there was an over 200% increase in ceasefire violations, with infiltration touching a four-year high
  3. The treatment meted out to the family of Kulbhushan Jadhav (currently incarcerated in a Pakistani prison) provides an index of Pakistan’s cold, calculated and consistent hostility towards India
  4. Pakistan has also not refrained from persisting with its proxies like the Lashkar-e-Taiba and the JeM in its war with India

Afghan situation

  1. India must be prepared during 2018 for a further deterioration of the situation in already disturbed Afghanistan
  2. The Afghan state is in real danger of imploding, and this situation could worsen
  3. Pakistan could adopt a more perverse and disruptive role here after the recent US nudge
  4. This could provide further encouragement to the Afghan Taliban and the Haqqani network
  5. The current peace talks may well collapse as a result
  6. Any possibility of exerting greater military pressure by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and allied forces may prove futile

West Asia in turmoil

  1. West Asia is at the crossroads today and the entire region is in turmoil
  2. Syria has almost ceased to be a state
  3. The war here entails major powers like the U.S. and Russia, proxies for certain West Asian countries, a medley of non-state actors, apart from terrorist outfits such as the Islamic State (IS) and al-Qaeda
  4. Intrinsic to the Syrian and West Asian imbroglio is the ongoing war within Islam featuring intense rivalry between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran
  5. There are other forces aggravating an already complicated situation, viz. the war in Yemen, the disruption within the Gulf Cooperation Council, the nascent upheavals in Saudi Arabia and Iran
  6. If the U.S. were to follow through with its announcement to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, it might well ignite new tensions across the entire Arab world

Terrorism would rise in 2018

  1. Both the IS and al-Qaeda seem to have acquired a new salience lately
  2. The collapse of the so-called Islamic Caliphate and its territorial demise has hardly weakened the terror potential of the IS
  3. In much the same manner as the Afghan jihad in the 1980s and 1990s exacerbated insurgencies across parts of the world, retreating IS members returning to their homeland could provide a new narrative of terrorism in 2018
Nov, 24, 2017

[op-ed snap] The new bipolarity in Asia

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Pivot to Asia, ASEAN, APEC

Mains level: India’s rise as a leader in Indo Pacific region


Context

Dichotomy in the rule-based global order

  1. U.S. President Donald Trump makes no secret of the fact that he believes in a world governed by self-interest, with little room for shared responsibility
  2. In contrast, Chinese President Xi Jinping is projecting himself as a firm believer in globalisation and free trade
  3. It is against this backdrop that there are signs of a new bipolarity taking shape in Asia
  4. It possibly seeks to replace similar attempts by the U.S. previously — such as the pivot to Asia — to counter China and its aggressive designs in the region
  5. Implicitly, though not as yet explicitly, it seeks to create a coalition of all those willing to align with the U.S. against China’s expanding ambitions and its inexorable march towards dominance in Asia

An anti-China coalition?

  1. Talks held recently at the level of officials between the U.S., Japan, Australia and India (the Quadrilateral) are seen as an indication of this
  2. As China’s expansionist attitudes intensify, more countries in East and Southeast Asia are expected to align with the Quadrilateral group of countries
  3. Vietnam could be one such country, but quite a few other countries in the region could follow suit

Attitudinal changes

  1. The recent Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings provided a further glimpse of attitudinal changes that are in the making
  2. Mr. Trump and PM Modi made use of this occasion to announce that the two countries were prepared to work together for the future of Asia
  3. It is a euphemism for what many see as keeping a check on China’s aggressive designs in the region
  4. It is, perhaps, for the first time that India has indicated a resolve to align openly with the U.S. to tackle broader issues in the Indo-Pacific region

China willing to accept the challenge

  1. The recent 19th Chinese Communist Party Congress placed special emphasis on a strong military “capable of winning wars”
  2. The deliberations left little room for any adjustment or compromise to accommodate the concerns of other countries of Asia, or for that matter the U.S.
  3. The deliberations of the Party Congress have further emboldened China to pursue its preferred course of action

Advantage that China possesses

  1. Apart from its massive military build-up, China is positioned most advantageously as far as economic aspects are concerned
  2. It is today the most important trading partner for over 90 countries
  3. Its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has caught the imagination of the world, including that of Europe
  4. Most countries of Asia and Europe, including many of India’s neighbours, do not seem to have a problem with the BRI

Sustaining bipolarity not going to be easy

  1. Latent concerns about Chinese expansionism have not prevented several Asian nations from endorsing and backing the BRI
  2. Most Asian nations also show no inclination or desire to blame China for siding with Pakistan, which continues to shelter high-ranking global terrorists, including Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar
  3. Even Mr. Trump, during his recent visit to China, seemed to have softened his criticism of China, after China produced some attractive mega deals
  4. All this only exposes the vulnerabilities of bipolarity in the extant situation today

India emerging as a leader

  1. In Asia, India, Japan and, to an extent, Vietnam appear willing to endorse the U.S. initiative to build up opposition to China’s designs
  2. India has lately taken up issues well beyond South Asia, such as North Korea and China’s actions in the South China Sea
  3. Currently, India is emerging as one of the countries in the region firmly committed to freedom of navigation and over-flight
  4. Also, for unimpeded commerce based on the principles of international law, particularly the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
  5. This puts it in direct confrontation with China, as also in opposing China’s ambitions in the Indian Ocean and the Indo-Pacific

Way Forward

  1. As the outlines of a new bipolarity in Asia become clearer, and with the formal setting up of the Quadrilateral, China is certain to regard all this as an attempt to encircle it
  2. This will pave the way for a new round of turmoil as China might use both force and inducements to win more and more Asian countries to its side
  3. The consequences of this could be quite significant for peace and stability in the Asian region
Nov, 13, 2017

ASEAN Summit: Eye on China as India joins quadrilateral with US, Australia & Japan

Image source

Note4Students

Mains Paper 2 | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The following things are important from UPSC perspective:
Prelims level: Quadrilateral dialogue
Mains level: This article talks about the issues discussed at the first Quadrilateral meeting in Manila.


News

The First Meeting of the Quadrilateral

  1. With an eye on China’s activities in the region, the first meeting of Indian officials in Manila with those from the US, Australia, and Japan described as the “quadrilateral” was held a day before the ASEAN summits begin in the Philippines
  2. The meeting was chaired by Japan
  3. The last such meeting took place in 2007, after which Australia had quit such a dialogue mechanism

Key Issues discussed in the meeting

  1. Key issues of common interest in the “Indo-Pacific region” were discussed, with an eye on China and the aim of reaching a common ground on a “free and open” Indo-Pacific with an apparent reference to freedom of navigation on the South China Sea
  2. The common challenges of terrorism and proliferation linkages impacting the region were also discussed.
  3. The clandestine links between North Korea and Pakistan in the development of their nuclear programmes were also highlighted.

Indian Statement

  1. According to the Indian statement, discussions focused on cooperation based on converging vision and values for the promotion of peace, stability and prosperity in an increasingly inter-connected region that they share with each other and with other partners.
  2. The Indian side highlighted India’s Act East Policy as the cornerstone of its engagement in the Indo-Pacific region, placing focus on the role of ASEAN and Southeast Asia.

Japanese Statement

  1. Japan’s foreign ministry said they discussed measures to ensure a free and open international order based on the rule of law in the Indo-Pacific
  2. Also proliferation threats, including North Korea’s nuclear and missile issues, against which maximized pressure needs to be applied, ensuring freedom of navigation and maritime security in the Indo-Pacific, and countering terrorism were also discussed

Australian Statement

  1. Australia shared the vision for increased prosperity and security in the Indo-Pacific region and to work together to ensure it remains free and open.
  2. This includes upholding the rules-based order in the Indo-Pacific and respect for international law, freedom of navigation and overflight; increase connectivity; coordinate on efforts to address the challenges of countering terrorism and upholding maritime security in the Indo-Pacific.
  3. Officials agreed to work together to address threats to international peace and security posed by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including the DPRK’s nuclear and missile programmes.
  4. The participants are committed to continuing quadrilateral discussions and deepening cooperation on the basis of shared values and principles.
Jun, 01, 2016

Don’t make binding concessions for APEC

  1. Warning: The Commerce Ministry has cautioned the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) against ceding to demands to secure an Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) membership
  2. Concessions demanded: India should offer binding concessions for an agreement to reduce industrial tariffs to very low levels or eliminate them over a specified time period
  3. Also, an early deal on a Bilateral Investment Treaty with the U.S., and its participating in negotiations for a proposed Investment Facilitation Agreement at WTO-level
Mar, 26, 2016

Bill introduced in US Congress to help India join APEC

  1. ख़बर: ओबामा प्रशासन से भारत को ऐपेक(एशिया प्रशांत आर्थिक सहयोग) मंच का सदस्य बनाने में मदद की मांग करते हुए, कुछ प्रभावशाली अमेरीकी विधि निर्माताओं ने विधेयक पेश किया है।
  2. संदर्भ: उनका कहना है कि आर्थिक रूप से संपन्न भारत, एशिया में अमेरिका के रणनीतिक लक्ष्यों हेतु मददगार साबित होगा।
  3. विधेयक के बारे में: यह चिह्नित करता है कि अमेरिका-भारत सहयोग एशिया-प्रशांत क्षेत्र में अमेरिका के रणनीतिक लक्ष्यों हेतु आवश्यक है और प्रशासन के एशियाई पुनः संतुलन हेतु एक आधारभूत पहलू है।
  4. भारत के लिए फ़ायदे:
  • ऐपेक सदस्यता भारत को उन एशियाई देशों से पूरा ज्ञान हासिल करने हेतु एक रचनात्मक मंच प्रदान करेगी, जिन्होंने पहले से ही अपनी अर्थव्यस्थाओं को अग्रगति प्रदान करने हेतु अर्थपूर्ण कदम उठा लिए हैं।
  • भारत बड़े आर्थिक सुधारों हेतु प्रयासरत है, जो भारत के बाज़ारों को और मुक्त बनाएं, व्यापार मात्रा बढाएं, और इसकी बढती जनसंख्या की नौकरियों में वृद्धि की सतत मांग को सुगम बनाएं।
Sep, 03, 2015

India a worthy contender for APEC membership

  1. The decision to consider applications for new memberships would be taken at the APEC Summit in November.
  2. India’s membership gains significance, because there is study of a much larger Asia Pacific Free Trade agreement.
  3. APEC is the missing link to the Modi government’s Act East policy.
  4. Indian labour could be a big beneficiary of India joining the APEC because many APEC economies will face labour shortages in the future because of aging populations.
Feb, 22, 2015

India gets an invite to join APEC

  1. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim member economies.
  2. It seeks to promote free trade and economic cooperation throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
  3. APEC and the WTO are complementary but unlike WTO, APEC has no treaty obligations.
  • Subscribe

    Do not miss important study material

2
Leave a Reply

Please Login to comment
0 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
0 Comment authors
Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of