Despite war-mongering and aggressive rhetoric on an upswing in international politics in recent years, diplomacy has remained critical. Comment. 

Mentors comment:

The answer is both traditional as well as current based. You have to provide the role of diplomacy in recent times which has averted international crisis by bringing peace in those situations.

Doklam crisis, summits between Korean leaders, Trump-Kim meet, diplomatic relations between US and Cuba, negotiations between Afghanistan govt and Taliban etc are some of the recent examples which you have to discuss.

At the same time, do give some examples of post WW2 diplomacy which helped in providing solutions to long time military crisis in the world.

To score better, provide a discussion on the challenges that diplomacy is facing in maintaining peace in this fast paced and ever changing relations between major players of the world.

Model Answer

Introduction:

  • We are witnessing a rash of sometimes-violent expressions of claims to rights based on cultural identity, and a redefinition of sovereignty. USA and North Korea almost came face to face against the missile tests conducted by North Korea.
  • So much was the threat that USA literally threatened a rain of bombs and missile over North Korea. At the same time, with ongoing negotiations between Iran and USA seemed to be failing, there is growing tension between the two nations as they threat each other with powerful response through force.
  • With trigger happy leaders threatening each other, a sense of warmongering is present in international diplomacy. Amid growing tensions in the world forum, the role of military to defuse the tension has somehow taken a backseat and in recent time, more emphasis has been given to diplomacy.

Examples of recent diffusion of crisis through diplomacy:

  • Recently, Eritrea and Ethiopia ended their decade long war after the presidents of both countries met and signed the peace treaty. This was preceded by months of back channel diplomacy between the two war torn nations.
  • No one would have imagined that one day leaders of South Korea and North Korea would cross DMZ smiling. But this was made true with successful rounds of talks between the establishments of two nations and it eventually culminated in couple of summits between leaders of both nations. Tension in Korean peninsula seems to be on ease, thanks to the diplomacy.
  • The risk of a war between North Korea and the US was mounting steadily for the past year. But the situation was saved by the the sudden summit between President Trump and Kim.
  • There may be no clear winner here, but Doklam stands as a fine example of how to balance decisiveness with diplomacy. What was going to be an endless standoff between the Indian and Chinese army, was solved through backchannel diplomacy by both nation’s bureaucracy and strategic experts.
  • India Pakistan are witnessing their lowest ebb in bilateral relations after recent attacks on Indian military instalments by Pakistan based terror outfits. The LOC has witnessed record ceasefire violations. But the real solution is being suggested through diplomacy. Its important to remember that the best years of relations between India and Pakistan are those when both nations held talks regularly and wanted to chalk out the issues through diplomacy.
  • US-Iran nuclear deal is an example of what diplomacy could have achieved which military interventions and economic sanctions failed to do in last 40 odd years. For a better part of 9 years, Iran along with permanent members of the UN Security council and Germany sat and discussed the nuclear issue amicably. It resulted in the deal which now is facing stress after President Trump moved out of it.
  • After years of fighting with Taliban, which saw Afghanistan turning into rubbles, the Govt of Afghanistan has now initiated a talk with Taliban group and powers like US, China and Russia have backed the diplomacy and are willing to sit together if it helps Afghanistan i securing peace.
  • Similarly world is replete with such incidents where diplomacy played key role in diffusing tension. Be it Cuban missile crisis or Israel Egypt peace treaty of 1979; German reunification or US opening to China in 1972, all the major international efforts for peace have been concluded through diplomacy only.

Challenges for diplomacy:

  • Diplomacy, in this ear of chest thumping nationalism across the globe, has to conduct itself in a more time-sensitive manner, and be applied with a greater technical orientation.
  • Diplomacy today takes place among multiple sites of authority, power, and influence: mainly states, but also including religious organizations, NGOs, multinational corporations, and even individuals. It makes tracking the development and maintaining the required synergy to avert the crisis a difficult task.
  • The scenes in international politics are changing quite fast. All actors engaged in the world of diplomacy have to adjust their goals and actions to the fast emerging reality of the power shift from the Atlantic to Asia and the Pacific.
  • The foreign ministry and minister have lost influence to other government departments, to centralizing national leaders who assert direct control over affairs of state, and to international and non-governmental organizations.
  • Another potential difficulty is that the close involvement of heads of countries and their offices can mean that calculations of international politics override the demands of local government.

Conclusion:

  • Today’s instantaneous communications should, in theory, make it easier to maintain international dialogue, to resolve differences and to promote understanding and cooperation.
  • What is beyond doubt is that, in the absence of interaction by governments behind the scenes through vigorous diplomacy, things would be even worse than they already are and the world would be in permanent crisis.
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Xshay Anil Wakhare
Xshay Anil Wakhare
3 years ago

CDTEST30897comment image

Pritam Kumar
3 years ago

Hello…Xshay Anil Wakhare
-Your points are good…but it seems you have not read the question carefully…the question demands criticisms…so with these positive points you must mention some criticisms as well…
-You have only mentioned the positive of diplomacy and not a single point of criticism…
Good attempt…focus on the question…always repeat the question while attempting answer…
Nice approach…keep writing….

Shruti P
Shruti P
3 years ago

comment image comment image CD20383

Pritam Kumar
3 years ago
Reply to  Shruti P

Hello…Shruti P…
-No need to mention the type of diplomacy…like political, economic etc…introduce directly…how critical the diplomacy have been…mention how diplomacy failed in some occasions…its disapproval in some occasions…
-You are only talking about diplomacy in international organization….what about the diplomacy in bilateral and multilateral relations…?
-Critical means talk about its disapproval…
-There is no conclusion in your answer….
Overall nice attempt…keep writing…refer some of the answer reviewed…or our model answer…
-Need more focus on question…keep writing….

Shruti P
Shruti P
3 years ago
Reply to  Pritam Kumar

Thank you sir.

CD0705
CD0705
3 years ago

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Pritam Kumar
3 years ago
Reply to  CD0705

Hi…
-Points mentioned are good but need to show more criticality of diplomacy in your points…show with example that it has been critical at some times and failed on some occasions…bring challenges to show criticality…
-Rest of the points are good…keep writing…
Marks awarded: 4/10

Harshal Deore
Harshal Deore
3 years ago

CDTEST20385comment image comment image

Pritam Kumar
3 years ago
Reply to  Harshal Deore

Hello… Harshal Deore
-Your introduction is good…with logical ideas in points…However the points should first mention about the gains which are acquired through diplomacy and then its criticality should follow…
-Point 3 on 1st page…don’t repeat the words of question…It shows you lack in vocab or word collection…
-Your points are only criticism…it should be both…positive as well as negative (criticism)…
-Point no. 4 on 2nd page there is grammatical mistake in sentence formation…such mistakes should be taken seriously….
-Try incorporating more examples…like US-North Korea, Afghanistan, Iran, Indo-US etc…More example as more evidence will certainly enhance marks….
Try connecting your ideas and points together…like…1st followed by the 2nd and 2nd by 3rd and so on….
Bring more points in conclusion…
Overall a good attempt…and nice appraoch…keep writing…
Marks awarded: 4.5/10

hiddenwarrior
hiddenwarrior
3 years ago

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Pritam Kumar
3 years ago
Reply to  hiddenwarrior

Hi Hiddenwarrior…
-Introduction is incomplete…Mention…It might has been under continuous threat…but diplomacy played its greater role in avoiding many war…however, there are still something which diplomacy lacks…etc.etc.etc…
-Means in simple sense…bring positive points about diplomacy…and then criticize it or criticize by mentioning challenges etc…
-Diplomacy has some limitations and hence it failed in many occasions…show challenges…Such points should be mentioned in 3rd para to counter the ideas mentioned…
-We need to criticize the action of diplomacy…and how it failed in some occasions…follow the sequence of the question…read question carefully…
-Need to bring more examples….
-Add more points in conclusion…
Overall a good attempt…keep writing…
Marks awarded: 4/10

hiddenwarrior
hiddenwarrior
3 years ago
Reply to  Pritam Kumar

thnks sir.

Invincible
Invincible
3 years ago

CDTEST 20378comment imagecomment image

Pritam Kumar
3 years ago
Reply to  Invincible

Hello Invincible…
-Your answer is not in proper format….work in your handwriting…use plain white sheet to write answer….
Your answer has no criticism…You have only mentioned the positive points about diplomacy…but at the same time you need to criticize it as well…talk about the challenges…limitation etc. which restricts diplomacy…
-Conclusion is not in paragraph…
Focus on format and question as well…
Good attempt….keep writing…certainly will improve…
Refer some of the best answer reviewed…