Modern Indian History-Events and Personalities

299th Birth Anniversary of Ahilyabai Holkar (1725 –1795)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Ahilyabai Holkar and her contemporaries

Why in the News?

The 299th birth anniversary of legendary ruler Ahilyabai Holkar was celebrated on 30th May.

About Ahilyabai Holkar

Birth May 31, 1725; Chaundi village, Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India
Family Daughter of Mankoji Shinde, a respected Dhangar family member
Education Despite societal norms, her father taught her to read and write
Marriage Married Khande Rao Holkar, son of Malhar Rao Holkar, in 1733
Rise to Prominence Impressed by her piety and character, Khande Rao married Ahilyabai on the Peshwa’s advice
Leadership Took control of Malwa after her husband’s death in 1754
Reign Ruled Malwa from 1767 to 1795
Capital Maheshwar became the capital of Malwa under her rule
Administrative Prowess Known for her administrative acumen
Military Strategies Personally led armies into battle and defended Malwa against intruders
Cultural Contributions Established Maheshwar as the seat of the Holkar Dynasty
Temple Restorations Led the reconstruction of Kashi Vishwanath Temple and built Somnath Temple
Economic Development Promoted the production of Maheshwari Sarees and fostered trade and commerce
Social Inclusion Advocated for marginalised communities and mainstreamed their inclusion
Legacy Revered as “The Philosopher Queen” by historians like John Keay


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