Tribes in News

Arunachal Pradesh ST List


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Various Naga tribes

Mains level : Tribal assertiveness in NE region

The Parliament has passed a bill that seeks to amend the nomenclature of certain tribes from Arunachal Pradesh mentioned in the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950.

What does the Bill amend?

  • The Bill seeks to modify Part-XVIII of the Schedule to the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950.
  • Part-XVIII lists 16 tribes of Arunachal, in order: Abor, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Galong, Khampti, Khowa, Mishmi [Idu, Taroon], Momba, Any Naga tribes, Sherdukpen, Singpho, Hrusso, Tagin, Khamba, and Adi.
  • The Bill corrects the names of tribes spelled incorrectly and adds names of a few tribes that were either named ambiguously or had their parent group named only.

Why is it significant?

  • Self-identification: It is an essence for much-needed respect for small indigenous communities in the Northeast.
  • Indigenous nomenclature of tribes: This has been a long-standing demand in Arunachal Pradesh for two reasons: for the recognition of individual identity and to do away with the ambiguity as a result of errors in their names.
  • Identity assertion: For long, communities — whether civil society members or student leaders — have demanded that they must be known by their respective names.

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