From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Bhoota Kola
Mains level : NA
There has been a controversy over the folk art of Bhoota Kola recently depicted in a famous Kannada movie.
What is Bhoota Kola?
- Bhoota Kola is an animistic ritual dance performance where local spirits or deities are worshipped.
- It is believed that a person performing the ritual has temporarily become a god himself.
- This performer is both feared and respected in the community and is believed to give answers to people’s problems, on behalf of the god.
- There are several ‘Bhootas’ who are worshipped in the Tulu-speaking belt of Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada and Udupi districts.
- It is usually performed in small local communities and rural areas.
How is it performed?
- The Kola (or dance performance for the Gods) is basically performed in an area near the temple of the village deity which is usually close to large open fields.
- The ritual involves music, dance, recital, and elaborate costumes.
- Recitals in Old Tulu recount the origins of the deity and tell the story of how it came to the present location.
- The divine medium start their traditional performances as the local folklore called ‘paddanas’ are recited.