Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Blue Sheep (Bharal) and Himalayan Ibex (Tangor) Census in Himachal


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Blue Sheep (Bharal); Himalayan Ibex (Tangor).

Mains level: NA

Why in the News?

  • Wildlife authorities in Himachal Pradesh’s Lahaul & Spiti district have initiated surveys to estimate the population of Blue Sheep (bharal) and Himalayan Ibex (Tangor), vital prey species for the iconic snow leopard.
    • This move aims to assess the region’s biodiversity and promote conservation efforts.

About the Species Mentioned

Bharal (Blue Sheep)

Himalayan Ibex (Tangor)

Scientific Name Pseudois nayaur Capra sibirica hemalayanus
Genus Pseudois Capra
Distribution India, Bhutan, China (Gansu, Ningxia, Sichuan, Tibet, Inner Mongolia), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan Himalayan region of India, Pakistan, Tibet, Nepal
  • Slate grey coat with bluish shine
  • Horns grow upwards, curve out, and then towards the back
  • Large curved horns with notches on the front
  • Light brown to reddish-brown coat, white belly, black and white markings on legs
  • Thick, woolly coat in winter, shed in early summer
Behavior Active throughout the day, alternating between feeding and resting on grassy mountain slopes
  • Usually found in small herds, sometimes around 50 together;
  • Can run at speeds of up to 50 km/h
Conservation Status IUCN Red List: Least Concern

Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Schedule 1

IUCN Red List: Near Threatened

Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Schedule 1



[2013] Consider the following fauna of India :

1. Gharial

2. Leatherback turtle

3. Swamp deer

Which of the above is/are endangered?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

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