Innovations in Sciences, IT, Computers, Robotics and Nanotechnology

DigiYatra Initiative for facial recognition technology at Airports


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : DigiYatra

Mains level : Not Much


The centre has introduced paperless entry at select airports to make air travel hassle-free under the DigiYatra initiative.

What is DigiYatra?

  • DigiYatra envisages that travellers pass through various checkpoints at the airport through paperless and contactless processing.
  • This means, passengers won’t need to carry their ID card and boarding pass.
  • This would rather use facial features to establish their identity, which would be linked to the boarding pass.
  • With this technology, the entry of passengers would be automatically processed based on the facial recognition system at all checkpoints – including entry into the airport, security check areas, aircraft boarding, etc.

Implementation strategy

  • In the first phase, the initiative will be launched at seven airports, starting with three — Delhi, Bengaluru, and Varanasi.
  • It will then be followed by four airports namely Hyderabad, Kolkata, Pune, and Vijayawada by March 2023.
  • Subsequently, the technology will be implemented across the country.

How is it being implemented?

  • The project is being implemented by the DigiYatra Foundation — a joint-venture company whose shareholders are the Airports Authority of India (26% stake) and Bengaluru Airport, Delhi Airport, Hyderabad Airport, Mumbai Airport and Cochin International Airport.
  • These five shareholders equally hold the remaining 74% of the shares.

How can people avail the DigiYatra facility?

  • For availing the service, a passenger has to register their details on the DigiYatra app using Aadhaar-based validation and a self-image capture.
  • In the next step, the boarding pass has to be scanned, and the credentials are shared with airport authorities.
  • At the airport e-gate, the passenger has to first scan the bar coded boarding pass and the facial recognition system installed at the e-gate will validate the passenger’s identity and travel document.
  • Once this process is done, the passenger can enter the airport through the e-gate.
  • The passenger will have to follow the normal procedure to clear security and board the aircraft.


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