Foreign Policy Watch: India – EU

Greece’s gateway to Asia, India’s gateway to Europe


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC)

Mains level: deeper collaboration between Greece and India


India, Greece Agree To Elevate Relations To Level Of Strategic Partnership

Central Idea:

The article discusses the growing strategic relationship between Greece and India, emphasizing the importance of deepening bilateral ties across various sectors. It highlights the mutual benefits of collaboration, the significance of security and stability in their respective regions, and the potential for economic cooperation through initiatives like the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC).

Key Highlights:

  • The visit of Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis to India signifies the momentum in strengthening bilateral relations initiated by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Greece.
  • Both countries recognize the strategic importance of their geographical locations and the need for cooperation to ensure security, stability, and prosperity.
  • Collaboration extends across strategic, military, and business sectors, with examples such as joint military exercises and investment partnerships.
  • Economic reforms in Greece under the Mitsotakis government aim to boost sustainable growth and position the country as a reliable partner in the Eastern Mediterranean.
  • The concept of the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC) emerges as a promising avenue for enhancing economic ties between India and Greece.
  • Emphasis is placed on fostering people-to-people ties through cultural exchanges, education programs, and media cooperation.

India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor: A passage of possibilities -  Frontline

Key Challenges:

  • The pace of bilateral cooperation has been slow, indicating a need for greater momentum.
  • Despite existing collaborations, there is room for further expansion and diversification of partnerships.
  • Ensuring sustained commitment from both governments and businesses to deepen ties amidst global uncertainties.

Main Terms:

  • Strategic relationship
  • Geopolitical volatility
  • Bilateral cooperation
  • Economic reforms
  • India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC)
  • People-to-people ties

Important Phrases:

  • “No better gateway to Europe than Greece”
  • “Prisoners of geography”
  • “Constructing the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC)”
  • “Critical year in the building of the Greece-India strategic partnership”


  • “India will find no better gateway to Europe than my country and for Greece there is no better gateway to Asia than a close strategic relationship with India.”
  • “Greece is still by far the best European country to invest in.”
  • “The fact that the political leaders of Greece and India are exchanging visits within a short time frame shows not just their determination to move the relationship forward but also the urgency they attach to this task.”

Useful Statements:

  • Collaboration between Greece and India is essential for ensuring security, stability, and prosperity in their respective regions.
  • Economic reforms in Greece aim to position the country as a reliable partner in the Eastern Mediterranean.
  • Initiatives like the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC) offer significant potential for enhancing bilateral economic ties.

Examples and References:

  • Joint military exercises between the Indian Navy and Greek armed forces.
  • Investment partnerships between Indian and Greek businesses, such as the construction of a new airport on the island of Crete.
  • The involvement of Indian-Canadian billionaire Prem Watsa in Greek investments, advocating for Greek-Indian business cooperation.

Facts and Data:

  • Historic visit of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Greece in August 2023.
  • Collaboration between Indian and Greek businesses in various sectors, including construction, shipping, and finance.

Critical Analysis:

  • The article underscores the significance of deeper collaboration between Greece and India in light of geopolitical challenges and economic opportunities.
  • It highlights the need for accelerated efforts to overcome historical inertia and realize the full potential of the bilateral relationship.
  • Emphasis on people-to-people ties reflects a holistic approach to strengthening cultural and educational exchanges alongside economic and strategic cooperation.

Way Forward:

  • Both governments should prioritize the implementation of existing agreements and explore new avenues for cooperation.
  • Continued engagement between businesses from both countries is crucial for diversifying and expanding partnerships.
  • Investing in educational and cultural exchanges can foster mutual understanding and long-term cooperation.
  • Regular high-level visits and dialogue mechanisms should be maintained to sustain momentum and address emerging challenges.

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