Historical and Archaeological Findings in News

Harappan Settlement found at Lodrani near Dholavira


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Lodrani, Dholavira, Harappan Civilizaiton (IVC)

Mains level: NA



  • Legend has it that Lodrani, a hamlet near Dholavira in Kutch, was believed to be sitting on buried gold, prompting locals to initiate a dig around five years ago.
  • Contrary to expectations, the excavation led to the discovery of a fortified Harappan-era settlement, challenging the assumptions about the area’s history.

Archaeological Findings at Lodrani

  • Harappan-Era Settlement: Ajay Yadav and Damian Robinson from Oxford’s School of Archaeology led the archaeological exploration, revealing a well-preserved Harappan settlement.
  • Architectural Resemblance to Dholavira: Yadav notes striking architectural similarities between the newly discovered site, named Morodharo, and Dholavira.
  • Flourishing Ancient Life: Despite being initially dismissed as a medieval fortress, the site unveils evidence of a thriving civilization dating back around 4,500 years.


  • Harappan Pottery: The site yielded a significant amount of Harappan pottery akin to findings at Dholavira, indicating a connection between the two settlements.
  • Chronological Placement: Experts suggest Morodharo exhibits characteristics of mature to late Harappan periods (2,600-1,300 BCE), shedding light on the region’s ancient chronology.

Insights from Archaeologists

  • Dependence on the Sea: Both Dholavira and Morodharo depended on the sea, suggesting navigable waters near the Rann of Kutch during ancient times.
  • Archaeological Fame: Despite false starts in the past, Lodrani now claims archaeological fame, highlighting the importance of local initiatives in uncovering historical treasures.

About Dholavira

Discovery Discovered in 1968 by archaeologist Jagat Pati Joshi.
  • One of the most remarkable and well-preserved urban settlements in South Asia.
  • Fifth largest metropolis of the Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Archaeological site located in the Kachchh District, Gujarat, dating from the 3rd to mid-2nd millennium BCE.
  • On Khadir bet island in the Great Rann of Kachchh.
Strategic Location
  • Located on the Tropic of Cancer;
  • Strategic for trade and access to mineral and raw material sources.
Archaeological Findings
  • Terracotta pottery, beads, gold and copper ornaments, seals, fish hooks, tools, urns, imported vessels.
  • Unique stone inscriptions in Indus Valley script.
Distinct Features Cascading series of water reservoirs, outer fortification, multi-purpose grounds, unique gates, tumulus funerary architecture, multi-layered defenses.
  • Coincided with the collapse of Mesopotamia;
  • Affected by climate change, aridity, and drying up of ancient rivers like Saraswati.

Try this PYQ:

Q. Which one of the following ancient towns is well-known for its elaborate system of water harvesting and management by building a series of dams and channelizing water into connected reservoirs?

(a) Dholavira (b) Kalibangan (c) Rakhigarhi (d) Ropar


Post your answers here.
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