Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

In news: Anmol Jeevan Abhiyan


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Anmol Jeevan Mission, Tanka

Mains level: Not Much

A recent initiative called the ‘Anmol Jeevan Abhiyan’ (Precious Life Campaign) in Barmer, Rajasthan has motivated village panchayats and homeowners to add hand pumps and locked covers to tankas for improved structure.

What are Tankas?


  • The tankas with a huge water storage capacity are traditionally built adjacent to the residential units in western Rajasthan.
  • It is used for collecting rainwater and using it throughout the year for drinking and other household needs.
  • They were constructed in households under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).


Anmol Jeevan Abhiyan

  • The ‘Anmol Jeevan Abhiyan’ (Precious Life Campaign) has encouraged village panchayats and owners of houses to make the structural addition of hand pumps and locked covers on tankas.
  • The light-weight hand pumps made of fibre serve the dual purpose of preventing the accidents and suicides as well as drawing of water from the tank.
  • The campaign has been started jointly by the district administration, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and Action Aid.
  • Among the 171 suicide cases reported last year, as many as 64 were those of women and a majority was those who had jumped into the water tanks.

Benefits offered

  • Though the campaign has made an impact during the last three to four months, it cannot be measured in quantitative terms at present because of its continuity, even as the reports of suicides have gradually reduced.
  • The permanent closure of tankas with the metal cover having lock also ensured that no cattleheads or other animals fall into them tank.


Attempt UPSC 2024 Smash Scholarship Test | FLAT* 100% OFF on UPSC Foundation & Mentorship programs

Get your Rs 10,000 worth of UPSC Strategic Package for FREE | PDFs, Zoom session, Tests, & Mentorship

Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch