Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

In News: Mahi River 


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Mahi River and its tributaries; its source, catchment area; dams

Mains level: NA

Why in the News?

Incidences of people drowning down into the Mahi River have become more frequent.

About Mahi River

  • The Mahi River originates in the Vindhya Range of Madhya Pradesh (hot semi-arid and watershed region), near Dhar.
  • It flows northward through Madhya Pradesh before turning westward upon entering Rajasthan. It then moves southwest, passing through Gujarat, and eventually empties into the Arabian Sea.
  • The river stretches for about 580 kilometers.
    • Soil Type: The Mahi River Basin consists of Deep Black soil (southern region) and Alluvial soil (northern region).
    • Major Tributaries: the Som, the Anas, the Panam, and the Goma.
    • Major Dams: Kadana Dam and the Mahi Bajaj Sagar (Banswara) Dam are significant hydroelectric and irrigation projects on the Mahi River.
    • Biodiversity: Supports diverse flora and fauna, including endangered species like the Indian Skimmer and Gharial.

Key Features:

  • It is surrounded by the Aravalli Hills to the north and northwest, the Malwa Plateau to the east, the Vindhyas to the south, and the Gulf of Khambhat to the west.
  • One of the most notable features of the Mahi River is its crossing of the Tropic of Cancer twice; once in Madhya Pradesh and again near the Gujarat-Rajasthan border.


[2017] With reference to river Teesta, consider the following statements:

1. The source of river Teesta is the same as that of Brahmaputra but it flows through Sikkim.

2. River Rangeet originates in Sikkim and it is a tributary of river Teesta.

3. River Teesta falls into Bay of Bengal at the border of India and Bangladesh.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

With inputs from: https://indiawris.gov.in/downloads/Mahi%20Basin.pdf

Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch