Disasters and Disaster Management – Sendai Framework, Floods, Cyclones, etc.

In news: Pripyat River


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Pripyat River, Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster

Mains level: NA

Why in the news?

  • The WWF has issued a stark warning regarding the dredging of the Pripyat River, adjacent to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site.
  • Concerns mount as the Pripyat River could transform into a permanent repository of radioactive substances, contaminating the water and food sources.

About Pripyat River

  • Pripyat River is a significant waterway in Eastern Europe. It flows through Ukraine, Belarus, and a small portion of Russia.
  • It is primarily situated within the Polesian Lowland, a region characterized by marshes, wetlands, and forests.
  • The Pripyat River is approximately 761 km (473 miles) long.
  • Physical Features:
  • Tributaries: It has numerous tributaries, including the Stokhid River, Styr River, and Horyn River. The largest tributary of the Pripyat is the Teterev River, which joins it from the right bank.
  • Drainage Basin: Its basin covers an area of around 121,000 square kilometers (46,700 square miles). It is one of the major tributaries of the Dnieper River, which eventually flows into the Black Sea.

Notable event: The Pripyat River gained international attention due to its proximity to the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, where the catastrophic nuclear accident occurred in 1986.

About Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster

  • The Chernobyl Disaster occurred on April 26, 1986.
  • It took place at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, near the town of Pripyat in northern Ukraine, then part of the Soviet Union.
  • The explosion and subsequent fire released a large amount of radioactive material such as cesium-137 and strontium-90 into the atmosphere, resulting in widespread contamination.



[2020] Consider the following pairs?

River — Flows into

  1. Mekong — Andaman sea
  2. Thames — Irish Sea
  3. Volga — Caspian Sea
  4. Zambezi — Indian Ocean

Which of the pairs above is/are correctly matched?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Only 3

(d) None of the above/More than one of the above

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