Festivals, Dances, Theatre, Literature, Art in News

In news: Wangala Dance of Garo Tribe


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Wangala Dance, Harvest festivals of India

Mains level: Not Much


This newscard is an excerpt from a picture in the print edition of TH.

Wangala Dance


  • Wangala is also called the festival of “The Hundred Drums“.
  • It is a harvest festival celebrated by the Garo tribe in Meghalaya, Nagaland and Assam and Greater Mymensingh in Bangladesh.
  • In this post-harvest festival, they give thanks to Misi Saljong the sun god, for blessing the people with a rich harvest.
  • Wangala is celebrated in the months from September to December, with different villages setting different dates for the occasion.

Course of celebration

  • The ceremony performed on first day is known as “Ragula” is performed inside the house of the chief.
  • On the second day is known as “Kakkat“.
  • Folks dressed in their colorful costumes with feathered headgears dance to the tune of music played on long oval-shaped drums.
  • While the men beat the drums, the line moves forward in rhythmic accord.
  • The ‘orchestra’ of men includes drums, gong and flutes, punctuated by the sonorous music of an primitive flute made of buffalo horn.


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