Artificial Intelligence (AI) Breakthrough

Is it ethical to use AI to clone voices for creative purposes?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Na

Mains level: ethical considerations surrounding the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to clone voices for creative purposes in the music industry

Is it ethical to use AI to clone voices for creative purposes? | The Hindu  parley podcast - The Hindu

Central Idea:

The article delves into the ethical considerations surrounding the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to clone voices for creative purposes in the music industry. Through a conversation with musicians Sai Shravanam and Haricharan Seshadri, moderated by Srinivasa Ramanujam, various viewpoints on the matter are explored.


Key Highlights:

  • A.R. Rahman’s utilization of AI to recreate the voices of deceased singers Bamba Bakya and Shahul Hameed in the song “Thimiri Yezhuda” from the film Lal Salaam.
  • The emotional response from musicians and the broader debate sparked by this use of AI technology.
  • Insights into the ethical considerations surrounding AI-generated voices, including compensation for artists’ families and the need for proper permissions.
  • The role of AI tools in aiding musicians with tasks such as audio processing and mixing, saving time and enhancing efficiency.
  • Concerns regarding the potential disruption of creativity and the human element in music production due to the increasing reliance on AI technology.
  • Calls for the establishment of ethical guidelines and regulatory frameworks to govern the use of AI in the music industry and protect intellectual property rights.


Key Challenges:

  • Balancing technological advancement with ethical considerations and preserving the authenticity and emotional depth of artistic expression.
  • Ensuring fair compensation and recognition for artists and their families when AI-generated voices are utilized.
  • Addressing concerns about the potential homogenization of music and the loss of individuality and creativity in the face of widespread AI adoption.
  • Establishing effective mechanisms for regulating the use of AI in music production to prevent misuse and protect against unauthorized replication of voices.


Main Terms or key terms for answer writing:

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Voice cloning
  • Ethical considerations
  • Compensation
  • Intellectual property rights
  • Auto-tuner
  • Creative process
  • Regulation
  • Deepfake videos


Important Phrases for answer quality enhancement:

  • “Timeless Voices”
  • “Ethics is personal”
  • “AI can never replace human singers”
  • “Creativity is God’s gift”
  • “AI ethical usage board”
  • “Intellectual property needs to be registered”


Quotes that you can use for essay and ethics:

  • “Ethics is personal.”
  • “AI can never replace human singers and the output that is the result of a creative process.”
  • “A real singer cannot be replaced with AI because we add bhaavam or feeling to a song.”
  • “The arts and music are not just products. They have unfortunately become products.”
  • “There needs to be an AI ethical usage board in every industry.”



  • Mention of A.R. Rahman’s iconic contributions to Indian music, highlighting the significance of his latest venture into AI-generated voices.
  • Personal experiences of Sai Shravanam and Haricharan Seshadri in utilizing AI tools for music production, illustrating the practical applications and benefits of such technology.


Useful Statements:

  • “AI as a tool has helped me greatly in areas that are not creative-driven; it has helped me in mundane activities.”
  • “Creativity is God’s gift. It doesn’t come from you but rather through you.”
  • “From a film industry perspective, a lot of mediocrity is glorified because of reels and social media views.”
  • “The human brain is about perception. What I hear today as a sound engineer will not be what I hear tomorrow.”


Examples and References:

  • Mention of specific films and songs where AI-generated voices were utilized, such as “Thimiri Yezhuda” from Lal Salaam.
  • Reference to the ongoing debate around AI ethics and the broader implications of AI technology in various industries beyond music.
  • Instances of technological advancements like auto-tuner and dynamic processors aiding musicians in enhancing audio quality and efficiency.


Facts and Data:

  • Bamba Bakya’s death in September 2022 at the age of 42.
  • Shahul Hameed’s extensive work in films like Gentleman and Kadhalan before his death in 1998.
  • The prevalence of AI tools in modern music production, including auto-tuner and dynamic processors.


Critical Analysis:

The article provides a balanced perspective on the ethical dilemmas surrounding AI-generated voices in music, acknowledging both the potential benefits and risks associated with such technology. It emphasizes the importance of preserving artistic integrity and ensuring fair treatment for artists while also recognizing the practical advantages that AI tools offer in streamlining music production processes.


Way Forward:

  • Establishing clear ethical guidelines and regulatory frameworks for the responsible use of AI in music production.
  • Prioritizing transparency, consent, and fair compensation for artists and their families when AI-generated voices are utilized.
  • Promoting continued dialogue and collaboration between musicians, technologists, and policymakers to address emerging challenges and opportunities in the intersection of music and AI technology.

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