Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

Issues with ‘mandir’ tag for Ayushman Health and Wellness Centres


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Ayushman Arogya Mandirs, AB-NHPM

Why in the News?

Following Mizoram and Nagaland, Meghalaya has also refused to rename its health and wellness centres as Ayushman Arogya Mandirs as per the Centre’s directive.

Context: Demographic composition of NE and its implications on policy decisions 

  • Christian Majority: About 75% of Meghalaya’s population practices Christianity, similar to the demographics of Mizoram (90%) and Nagaland (90%).
  • State Asserts Autonomy: Meghalaya’s Health Minister emphasized that health being a State subject grants them the right to decide independently of the Centre’s advisory.

About Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs)

  • AB-HWCs were launched to move away from selective health care to a more comprehensive range of services spanning preventive, promotive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative care for all ages.
  • There are 1.6 lakh such centres across India under this initiative.
  • The National Health Policy of 2017 envisioned these centres as the foundation of India’s health system.
  • The Union Health Ministry renamed AB-HWCs as Ayushman Arogya Mandirs (AAM) with the tagline ‘Arogyam Parmam Dhanam’.
  • States and Union Territories were urged to complete the rebranding by the end of 2023.

Back2Basics: Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)

  • World’s largest fully government-funded health insurance scheme.
  • Launched in 2018.
  • Provides Rs 5 lakh per family for secondary and tertiary care.
Health Benefit Package
  • Covers the cost of surgery, medical and daycare treatments, medications, and diagnostics.
  • 3 days of pre-hospitalisation and 15 days of post-hospitalisation, including diagnostic care and expenses on medicines.
  • No restriction on family size, age or gender.
  • All pre-existing conditions are covered from day one.
  • An entitlement-based scheme targeting beneficiaries identified by the latest Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data.
  • Flexibility for States/UTs to use non-SECC data with a similar socio-economic profile to identify remaining SECC families.
  • Jointly funded scheme: 60:40 between Centre and legislature for all States and UTs.
  • 90:10 for North-Eastern States, J&K, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand.
  • 100% central funding for Union Territories without legislature.
Nucleus Agency
  • The National Health Authority (NHA) is an autonomous body under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, responsible for the effective implementation of PM-JAY.
  • State Health Agency (SHA) is the apex body of the State Government responsible for implementing AB-PMJAY in the State.



[2022] With reference to Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission, consider the following statements:

  1. Private and public hospitals must adopt it.
  2. As it aims to achieve universal health coverage, every citizen of India should be part of it ultimately.
  3. It has seamless portability across the country.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

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