Defence Sector – DPP, Missions, Schemes, Security Forces, etc.

It is the conditioning of the Agniveer that merits attention


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Mains level: importance of the human element in military operations

Understanding the Operational Environment: the Human Dimension | Global Strategy

Why in the News?

While initial feedback on the scheme is positive, there are challenges in integrating these recruits into military units, particularly regarding unit cohesion and psychological assimilation.

About Agniveer Scheme:

Aim: As a reform in Indian defense policy, it aims to recruit and retain young men and women in the armed forces through a short-service manpower model.

Key Highlights of the Scheme:

  • Introduction of the Agnipath scheme to reform defense recruitment.
  • Focus on a short-service manpower model with the potential for retention.
  • Significant unit cohesion and psychological assimilation for effective combat readiness.
  • Emphasizes on the enduring significance of the human element in warfare despite technological advancements.

Key Challenges:

  • Ensuring seamless integration of Agniveers into military units.
  • Nurturing unit cohesion and camaraderie among recruits.
  • Addressing potential issues of competition and one-upmanship among Agniveers.
  • Managing the psychological well-being and personality traits of recruits.
  • Lack of a formal psychology test in the recruitment process.

Main Terms:

  • Agnipath scheme: Indian defense policy reform for recruitment and retention.
  • Agniveers: Young men and women recruited under the Agnipath scheme.
  • Unit cohesion: The bond and teamwork within military units.
  • Combat readiness: Preparedness of military units for combat situations.
  • Human element: Importance of individual soldiers’ character and relationships in warfare.

Important Phrases:

  • “Agniveers into the milieu of military units”
  • “unit pride flows out of unit cohesion”
  • “technology-based counter-measures”
  • “focus on the human element”
  • “psychological assimilation”


  • “I hold it to be one of the simplest truths of war that the thing which enables a soldier to keep going with his weapon is the near presence or the presumed presence of a comrade.” – S.L.A. Marshall


  • Reference to Russia-Ukraine conflict and Israel-Hamas conflict to highlight the enduring significance of the human element in warfare.

Useful Statements:

  • “Irrespective of technological advancements in the realm of warfare, the character of a soldier to stand by his flanking mate can never be undermined.”
  • “The onerous challenge would be to arrest any germination of an undesired personality trait among the lot given that 25% of the Agniveers will stay back.”
  • “The government should consider introducing a test of ‘psychology’ as part of the recruitment process.”

Examples and References:

  • Mention of Agniveers’ positive feedback from units.
  • Reference to S.L.A. Marshall’s observations on the importance of comradeship in war.

Critical Analysis:

  • The article emphasizes the importance of the human element in military operations despite technological advancements.
  • It highlights challenges in integrating new recruits into military units and maintaining unit cohesion.

Way Forward:

  • Address challenges in integrating Agniveers into military units.
  • Prioritize psychological assimilation and character development alongside technical training.
  • Consider implementing a psychology test in the recruitment process for better assessment and management of recruits.

Overall, the article underscores the importance of balancing technological advancements with the enduring significance of individual character and unit cohesion in military operations. It calls for a strategic approach in integrating and nurturing new recruits to ensure effective combat readiness.

Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch