Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

Jal Jeevan Mission: Saving Lives through Access to Piped Water


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Jal Jeevan Mission

Mains level: Read the attached story

jal jeevan mission water

Central Idea

  • Potable water: The Jal Jeevan Mission aims to provide piped potable water to all of India.
  • Potential Life-Saving Impact: If successful, the mission could avert nearly 400000 deaths from diarrhoea.
  • Reduction in Disease Burden: The mission could avoid 14 million DALYs (Disability Adjusted Life Years) related to diarrhoea.

Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY)

  • DALY is a metric used to measure the burden of disease on a population.
  • It combines years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) and years lived with a disability (YLDs) into a single measure.
  • DALYs provide a comprehensive assessment of the impact of diseases, injuries, and disabilities by quantifying both the years of healthy life lost and the years lived with a disability.
  • This metric helps policymakers and researchers prioritize health interventions and allocate resources effectively to address the overall disease burden in a population.


About Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Launch: Government initiative launched in 2019
  • Goal: Provide access to clean and piped drinking water to every rural household
  • Focus: Water supply infrastructure development, community participation, water quality monitoring
  • Objective: Improve health, well-being, and productivity of rural communities, Addressing challenges of water scarcity, contamination, and inadequate infrastructure
  • Target: Achieve 100% coverage by 2024 for reliable and sustainable water supply
  • Definition of functional Connection: A fully functional tap water connection means receiving at least 55 litres of potable water per capita per day throughout the year

The key objectives of the Jal Jeevan Mission include:

  1. Universal coverage: Mission aims to achieve tap water connections for all rural households, ensuring access to potable water within premises.
  2. Sustainability: Focus on long-term sustainability through community participation, water resource management, and water conservation practices.
  3. Quality assurance: Prioritizing safe and clean drinking water by implementing water quality monitoring systems and adhering to prescribed standards set by BIS.
  4. Convergence and coordination: Emphasis on collaboration among stakeholders to effectively achieve mission objectives.

Socioeconomic Benefits of the Mission

  • Economic Savings: The study suggests that the mission could save close to $101 billion.
  • Time Savings: It could save 66.6 million hours per day that would have been spent collecting water, primarily by women.
  • Improved Quality of Life: Access to piped water connections would enhance convenience and overall well-being.
  • Sanitation benefits: Every dollar invested in sanitation interventions yields a $4.3 return in reduced healthcare costs.

Progress status of the scheme

  • Current Coverage Levels: Around 62% of rural households have piped water connections.
  • States and UTs at Full Coverage: Five states and three Union Territories have reported 100% coverage.
  • Progress of states: Himachal Pradesh is at 98.87% coverage, while Bihar is at 96.30% and nearing saturation.

Limitations and Considerations of the Study

  • Extrapolation of Data: The study extrapolates data and does not compute current levels of coverage.
  • Contamination Concerns: The study does not account for the degree of contamination in the piped water provided.
  • Data Sources: The authors used population data from the United Nations, the 2018 National Sample Survey, and water quality data collected by the Jal Jeevan Mission.

Challenges Addressed by the Mission

  • Water scarcity: Mission aims to tackle the challenge of inadequate water availability in rural areas.
  • Contamination: Focus on improving water quality and addressing issues of waterborne diseases.
  • Infrastructure gaps: Efforts to bridge the gap in water supply infrastructure in rural regions.

Way forward

  • Enhancing Capacity of Local Bodies: Provide support and resources to strengthen the capacity of local governance institutions in effectively managing and governing rural water supply systems.
  • Promoting Community Participation: Foster active community participation in decision-making processes related to water infrastructure planning, implementation, and maintenance.
  • Empowering Local Water User Committees: Strengthen the role of local water user committees in monitoring and regulating water supply services, promoting their active involvement in decision-making.
  • Participatory Planning: Facilitate participatory planning processes, where water user associations actively contribute to the development of water management plans, considering local needs and priorities.


Get an IAS/IPS ranker as your 1: 1 personal mentor for UPSC 2024

Attend Now

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments


Join us across Social Media platforms.

💥Mentorship New Batch Launch
💥Mentorship New Batch Launch