Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

Jal Jeevan Mission


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Jal Jeevan Mission

Mains level: NA

Around 62% of rural households in India had fully functional tap water connections under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

Jal Jeevan Mission

  • Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access to piped water for every household in India.
  • The mission’s goal is to provide all households in rural India with safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024.
  • The Har Ghar Nal Se Jal program was announced by FM in the Budget 2019-20 speech.
  • This programme forms a crucial part of the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • It is a central sector scheme with the Centre funding 50% of the cost with States and UTs, except for UT without a legislature, and 90% for NE and Himalayan states.

Note: A fully functional tap water connection is defined as a household getting at least 55 litres of per capita per day of potable water all through the year.

Components of the mission

The following key components are supported under JJM-

  • Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household
  • Bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household
  • Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue
  • Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes
  • Greywater management

Progress of the scheme

  • Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, and Puducherry reported more than 80% of households with fully functional connections.
  • However, less than half the households in Rajasthan, Kerala, Manipur, Tripura, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Sikkim had such connection.
  • Close to three-fourths of households received water all seven days a week and 8% just once a week.
  • On average, households got water for three hours every day, and 80% reported that their daily requirements of water were being met by the tap connections.



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