From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Jal Jeevan Mission
Mains level : NA
Around 62% of rural households in India had fully functional tap water connections under the Jal Jeevan Mission.
Jal Jeevan Mission
- Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access to piped water for every household in India.
- The mission’s goal is to provide all households in rural India with safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024.
- The Har Ghar Nal Se Jal program was announced by FM in the Budget 2019-20 speech.
- This programme forms a crucial part of the Jal Jeevan Mission.
- It is a central sector scheme with the Centre funding 50% of the cost with States and UTs, except for UT without a legislature, and 90% for NE and Himalayan states.
Note: A fully functional tap water connection is defined as a household getting at least 55 litres of per capita per day of potable water all through the year.
Components of the mission
The following key components are supported under JJM-
- Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household
- Bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household
- Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue
- Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes
- Greywater management
Progress of the scheme
- Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Goa, and Puducherry reported more than 80% of households with fully functional connections.
- However, less than half the households in Rajasthan, Kerala, Manipur, Tripura, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Sikkim had such connection.
- Close to three-fourths of households received water all seven days a week and 8% just once a week.
- On average, households got water for three hours every day, and 80% reported that their daily requirements of water were being met by the tap connections.