Key Highlights of World Migration Report, 2024


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: World Migration Report, 2024;

Why in the News?

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has recently launched the World Migration Report 2024.

Back2Basics: International Organization for Migration (IOM)

  • Originated in 1951 as the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movement of Migrants from Europe (PICMME) after World War II’s upheavals.
  • In 2016, IOM agreed with the United Nations, becoming a related organization.
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
  • Currently has 175 Member States and 8 states with Observer status.
  • India became an IOM Member State on 18th June 2008.

Key Highlights of the Report:

  • Climate Change Impacts on Migration
  • The report highlights a significant increase in global migration due to environmental impacts and climate change, with more than 216 million people projected to be on the move within their countries by 2050.
  • Migration is being used as a strategy to cope with and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change, although its effectiveness varies based on individual circumstances and active involvement of migrants.

Specific Regional Insights:

  • Africa:
  • Climate change has led to severe weather changes, including decreased rainfall and increased temperatures in North Africa, contributing to migration.
  • Countries like Libya, Algeria, and Morocco have seen migration due to reduced rainfall and increased drought conditions.
  • Asia:
    • In South Asia, particularly Pakistan and Bangladesh, extreme weather events like floods have led to substantial displacement.
    • The 2022 floods in Pakistan resulted in nearly 1.7 million displacements and in Bangladesh, record-breaking floods in 2022 triggered over 1.5 million displacements.
    • In India, strong influence of climate impacts on internal migration from Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Remittances Inflows in India

  • According to the Report, India has consistently been the top recipient of remittances globally. In 2022, India received a record-breaking $111.22 billion in remittances.

Remittance Inflows:

  • India is way ahead of its closely ranked peers Mexico ($61.1 billion), China ($51 billion), Philippines ($38.05 billion) and France ($30.04 billion).
  • This is the first time any country has crossed the USD 100 billion mark in remittance inflows.
  • The largest contributions to India’s remittances come from the UAE, USA, and Saudi Arabia, reflecting the extensive Indian diaspora in these regions.

Migration Statistics:

  • With 18 million international migrants residing primarily in the UAE, USA, and Saudi Arabia, India hosts the world’s largest number of international migrants.
  • This large diaspora plays a crucial role in the economic linkage between India and these countries through remittances.
  • India came in 13th as the destination country for immigrants, with 4.48 million.


[2015] Discuss the changes in the trends of labour migration within and outside India in the last four decades.

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