Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

Mental Health in india


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: manodarpan initiative

Mains level: mental health

mental wellnessContext

  • How to deal with mental wellness challenges in the uniformed forces

What is stress?

  • Stress is a feeling of emotional or physical tension. It can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous. Stress is your body’s reaction to a challenge or demand.

What is mental wellness?

  • Mental wellness encompasses emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It influences cognition, perception, and behaviour. It also determines how an individual handles stress, interpersonal relationships, and decision-making.

Why is Mental Health Important?

  • Mental health is more important now than ever before; it impacts every area of our lives. The importance of good mental health ripples into everything we do, think, or say.

mental wellnessReasons for Persistence of Mental Illness

  • Stigma to seek help: The staggering figures are void of millions of others directly, or indirectly impacted by the challenge and those who face deep-rooted stigma, many times rendering them unable to seek help.
  • Lack of awareness: This growing challenge in dealing with mental health issues is further compounded by a lack of information and awareness, self-diagnosis, and stigma.
  • Psycho-social factors: Institutions like gender, race and ethnicity, are also responsible for mental health conditions.
  • Post-Treatment gap: There is a need for proper rehabilitation of the mentally ill persons post/her treatment which is currently not present.
  • Rise in Severity: Mental health problems tend to increase during economic downturns, therefore special attention is needed during times of economic distress.

mental wellnessOngoing challenges in mental wellness regime

  • There is a need to expand understanding of the full scope of what uniformed Services and other mental health experts can achieve.
  • Stigma regarding mental health both domestically and around the world remains strong.
  • There is a lack of trained personnel and healthcare and public health systems in many areas of the world.
  • Training needs are broad and reach beyond direct patient care, especially regarding cultural competence, crisis communication, and consultation.
  • There is a need for expanded support for the value of multi-professional and multi-organizational integration and collaboration.

Government Policy initiatives

  • National Mental Health Program (NMHP): To address the huge burden of mental disorders and shortage of qualified professionals in the field of mental health, the government has been implementing the NMHP since 1982.
  • Mental HealthCare Act 2017: It guarantees every affected person access to mental healthcare and treatment from services run or funded by the government.
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2017: The Act acknowledges mental illness as a disability and seeks to enhance the Rights and Entitlements of the Disabled and provide an effective mechanism for ensuring their empowerment and inclusion in the society
  • Manodarpan Initiative: An initiative under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan aims to provide psycho-social support to students for their mental health and well-being.

What needs to be done?

  • Open dialogue: The practice of open dialogue, a therapeutic practice that originated in Finland, runs through many programmes in the Guidance. This approach trains the therapist in de-escalation of distress and breaks power differentials that allow for free expression.
  • Increase investment: With emphasis on social care components such as work force participation, pensions and housing, increased investments in health and social care seem imperative.
  • Network of services: For those homeless and who opt not to enter mental health establishments, we can provide a network of services ranging from soup kitchens at vantage points to mobile mental health and social care clinics.


  • Persons with mental health conditions need a responsive care system that inspires hope and participation without which their lives are empty. We should endeavour to provide them with such a responsive care system.

Mains question

Q. Mental disorders are now among the top leading causes of health burden worldwide, with no evidence of global reduction since 1990. Examine.

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1 year ago

Hi! I have no one to talk to often. The coolest online therapists are always quick to reply my messages and my concerns. Their words of encouragement and advices are useful and appreciated. They made me realize what issue I could be having trouble with and I realized it is on point. So now I will continue with their help to work through these issues of my difficult life.

Last edited 1 year ago by Jason Boo
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1 year ago

I agree that maintaining a normal mental balance is very important in today’s stressful realities. I want to share with you the site where you can find a very good and effective natural product for maintaining good mental health. This is a great solution for anyone who often experiences stress and anxiety. I wish you all good mental health!

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11 months ago
Reply to  Lisa Lisa


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11 months ago
Reply to  Lisa Lisa

Thank you!


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