Indian Navy Updates

Missile destroyer INS Mormugao commissioned into Indian Navy


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: INS Mormugao

Mains level: Indian navy modernization


Indian Naval Ship (INS) Mormugao (Pennant 67), a P15B stealth-guided missile destroyer was commissioned into the Indian Navy.

INS Mormugao 

  • This was the second ship to be inducted as a part of the four ‘Visakhapatnam’ class destroyers.
  • It is indigenously designed by the Navy’s in-house organisation Warship Design Bureau and constructed by Mazagaon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) in the country’s financial capital Mumbai.
  • The ship was named after a key port in the Indian state of Goa, it was inducted on the eve of Goa Liberation Day.
  • The ship was first launched in September 2016 and began sea trials last year on December 19 which coincided with the day that Goa was liberated from Portuguese rule six decades earlier with December 18 marking the launch of Operation Vijay by the Indian Armed Forces in 1961.
  • Singh also paid tributed former defence minister, the late Manohar Parrikar who had launched INS Mormugao in 2016.

Features of INS Mormugao

  • The ship measures 163 metres by 17 metres and has the ability to fight in nuclear, biological, as well as chemical (NBC) warfare due to its total atmospheric control system (TACS).
  • Additionally, with a displacement of 7,400 tonnes, the INS Mormugao is loaded with state-of-the-art weapons.
  • It will be operated by a crew of at least 350 which would include 50 officers and 250 sailors.
  • Over 75 per cent of the ship’s content was manufactured and developed in India, either directly or designed and developed by Indian Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) or through strategic tie-ups.
  • It is capable of achieving speeds of 30 knots (55 km/hour) as it is propelled by four powerful gas turbines in a ‘combined gas and gas’ (COGAG) configuration.

Combat weaponry

  • INS Mormugao includes weapons like BrahMos surface-to-surface missiles and Barak-8 surface-to-air missiles.
  • It is also fitted with a modern surveillance radar which helps provide target data to the ship’s weapon system.
  • Additionally, the ship’s weaponry also includes indigenously-developed rocket launchers, torpedo launchers and ASW helicopters like Sea King or HAL Dhruv.

Historic significance of Mormugao Port

  • Even as a port, Mormugao has contributed significantly to the growth of India’s maritime trade.
  • Even today, it is one of the oldest and largest ports in the country and will retain this special place due to the services it provides be it Mormugao fort or Mormugao port.
  • It is landmark since the 17th century Maratha campaign against the Portuguese under Chhatrapati Sambhaji (Ch. Shivaji Maharaj’s son).

Back2Basics: Project PB15

  • P15B destroyers is a class of four ships built by the country’s MDSL with INS Visakhapatnam (Pennant D66), commissioned last year in November as the year.
  • These ships are set to be more advanced than the Kolkata class under the project named 15A which comprised INS Kolkata, INS Kochi, and INS Chennai.
  • The contract for the ships was signed back in 2011 and under Project 15B they were to be named after four major Indian cities like Visakhapatnam, Mormugao, Imphal, and Surat.
  • A group of ships with similar tonnage, usage, capabilities, and weaponry are referred to as a ship’s ‘class’.
  • P15B destroyers incorporate new design concepts for improved survivability, seakeeping and manoeuvrability.


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