Indian Navy Updates

Jun, 21, 2019

[pib] Operation Sankalp

News

Operation Sankalp

  • Indian Navy launched Operation Sankalp in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to reassure Indian flagged vessels transiting through the area following the recent maritime incidents in the region.
  • The operation has been launched in the wake of escalating tension in the Gulf of Oman, where two oil tankers were attacked last week.
  • INS Chennai and INS Sunayna have been deployed in the region to undertake maritime security operations.
  • In addition, aerial surveillance in the area is also being done by IN aircraft.
  • The Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region of the Indian Navy keeps watch on the movement of ships in the Gulf region.
May, 25, 2019

[pib] Sahara Hostel

News

  • Lt Governor of Delhi has inaugurated the Sahara Naval Hostel for the ‘Veer Naris’

Sahara Naval Hostel

  • Sahara Hostel is a unique and first of its kind initiative by the Indian Navy for the welfare of the Naval Widows/Veernaris.
  • It is aimed towards providing support to the lady and their families in the period immediately after the unfortunate demise of their husbands.
  • Only those widows who have completed the requisite period in Government accommodation after the demise of their husbands are eligible to apply for stay in the hostel for one year.
  • Extension beyond this period will be considered based on availability and merits of the case.
  • The unique project has been built in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) partnership with National Buildings Construction Corporation (NBCC).
  • It comprises compact suites equipped with all necessary amenities for dignified living, along with a common Dining Hall and a Community Hall.
May, 10, 2019

Exercise Group Sail

News

Exercise Group Sail

  • Two Indian naval ships joined their counterparts from the US, Japan, and The Philippines for a “Group Sail” exercise through the contested waters of the South China Sea.
  • In China, the ships took part in the International Fleet Review (IFR) as part of the 70th anniversary celebrations of the People’s Liberation Army (Navy).
  • The ships undertook various exercises en route which included formation manoeuvering, under way replenishment runs, cross-deck flying and exchange of sea riders.
  • The group sail exercise showcased India’s commitment to operating with like-minded nations to ensure safe maritime environment through enhanced interoperability.

Importance of the exercise

  • The exercise comes at a time when India has been warily looking at increased Chinese activity in the northern Indian Ocean, traditionally seen as India’s backyard.
  • The presence of Chinese ships and submarines has been on the rise.
  • In 2017, China opened its first overseas military facility in Djibouti and has also been investing heavily in infrastructure along Africa’s eastern coast – in Tanzania and Kenya – as part of its ambitious OBOR initiative.
  • This move underlined India’s commitment to working with partners to ensure safe and open sea lanes.
May, 07, 2019

Fourth Scorpene-class submarine INS Vela launched

News

  • The Scorpene-class submarine Vela, the fourth of six underwater warships being built in India with French collaboration, was launched in Mumbai.

INS Vela

  • The submarine has been named ‘Vela’ after an earlier lead submarine of the erstwhile Vela class, which was the second batch of the Foxtrot class submarines acquired from erstwhile Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
  • INS Vela is the fourth Scorpene class Submarine of Project 75.
  • INS Kalvari, the first of the Scorpene-class submarines, was commissioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on December 14, 2017.
  • INS Khanderi and INS Karanj are in advanced stages to join the fleet.
  • The remaining two — INS Vagir and INS Vagsheer are in the advanced stages of manufacturing.

Scorpene Class Submarine: What it means?

  • The Scorpene class submarines have the capability to be operational in any theatre also have the capability of undertaking different types of missions, which include anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying and area surveillance.
  • They have top end stealth features which includes advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels, hydro-dynamically optimised shape and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision-guided weapons.

Who built it?

  • The State-owned Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited has entered into a contract for construction and transfer of technology for six Scorpene-class submarines with French collaborator Ms Naval Group (formerly DCNS).
Feb, 09, 2019

[pib] Exercise Cutlass Express 2019

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Cutlass Express 2019

Mains level:  India-US strategic relations


News

  • INS Trikand, a front-line warship of the Indian Navy, recently participated in a multinational training exercise ‘CUTLASS EXPRESS – 19’ held from 27 Jan to 06 Feb 19.

Exercise Cutlass Express 2019                                       

  1. Cutlass Express 2019 is sponsored by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and is conducted by U.S. Naval Forces Africa.
  2. It is an exercise designed to assess and improve combined maritime law enforcement capacity, promote national and regional security in East Africa as well as information sharing, planning and operating.
  3. The aim of the exercise was to improve law enforcement capacity, promote regional security and progress inter-operability between the armed forces of the participating nations.
  4. During the exercise, Naval, Coast Guard and Marine Police personnel from a number of East African countries were jointly trained by mentors from USA, India, and Netherlands, with support of international organisations.

Role of Indian Navy

  1. The Indian Navy played a significant role in the exercise, being involved in planning, coordination and execution.
  2. Through INS Trikand, the IN provided a platform for live Visit Board Search Seizure (VBSS) drills, which proved to be of immense training value to the participating nations.

About INS Trikand 

  1. INS Trikand is equipped with a versatile range of sensors and weapons enabling her to address threats in all the three dimensions – air, surface and sub-surface.
  2. It is an ideal platform for prolonged deployments, including the present one, in which she is carrying out Presence and Surveillance missions and Anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden and Western Arabian Sea.
  3. The ship is a part of the Indian Navy’s Western Fleet and operates under the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Western Naval Command, headquartered at Mumbai.
Jan, 24, 2019

Exercise Sea Vigil

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Security | Security challenges and their management

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Sea Vigil

Mains level:  India’s maritime Security


News

Exercise Sea Vigil

  1. Ten years after the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, India conducted its largest coastal defence drill, Exercise Sea Vigil.
  2. The exercise aims to test its preparedness along the entire 7,516.6 km-long-coastline and exclusive economic zone of the country.
  3. Exercise Sea Vigil aims to comprehensively and holistically validate the efficacy of the measures taken since 26/11.
  4. It aims to simultaneously activate the coastal security mechanism across all 13 coastal States and Union Territories.
  5. This involves the evaluation of critical areas and processes, including inter-agency coordination, information sharing and technical surveillance.
  6. Multi agency audit and identification of gaps, shortfalls and incorporation of lessons learnt into Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) are also the desired outcomes.

Role of Indian Navy

  1. Post 26/11, the Navy was designated as the agency responsible for overall maritime security, including offshore and coastal security.
  2. The Coast Guard was designated as the agency responsible for coastal security in territorial waters.
  3. A multi-tiered patrol and surveillance mechanism with focus on technical surveillance and augmenting Maritime Domain Awareness through the coastal radar chain was adopted.
  4. Progress has been made in real-time information sharing through the National Command Control Communication and Intelligence (NC3I) Network and improving intelligence and operational coordination.
Dec, 17, 2018

Navy to helm centre on maritime security

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: IFC-IOR

Mains level: Enhancing maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region


News

  • The Indian Navy will formally inaugurate the Information Fusion Centre (IFC) for the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) this week.

Information Fusion Centre (IFC)

  1. The IFC-IOR is established with the vision of strengthening maritime security in the region by building a common coherent maritime situation picture and acting as a maritime information hub for the region.
  2. The IFC has been established at the Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram.
  3. IMAC is the single point centre linking all the coastal radar chains to generate a seamless real-time picture of the nearly 7,500-km coastline.
  4. All countries that have already signed white shipping information exchange agreements with us, about 21 of them, are IFC partners.

Benefits of IFC

  1. With the launch of the IFC, countries now have the option of positioning liaison officers at the IFC.
  2. Through this Centre, information on “white shipping”, or commercial shipping, will be exchanged with countries in the region to improve maritime domain awareness in the Indian Ocean.
  3. Establishment of the IFR-IRO would ensure that the entire region is benefited by mutual collaboration and exchange of information and understanding the concerns and threats which are prevalent in the region.

Maritime network

  1. In a related development, India has signed the ascension agreement to the Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN) which facilitates information exchange on the movement of commercial traffic on the high seas.
  2. Such multilateral agreements are necessitated due to the large traffic in the Indian Ocean which cannot be entirely monitored by any one nation.
  3. The multilateral construct comprises of 30 countries and is steered by Italy.

AIS systems on ships

  1. The information is available primarily through the Automatic Identification System (AIS) fitted on merchant ships with more than 300 gross registered tonnages as mandated by the International Maritime Organisation.
  2. The AIS information comprises name, MMSI number, position, course, speed, last port visited, destination and so on.
  3. This information can be picked up through various AIS sensors including coastal AIS chains and satellite based receivers.
Dec, 13, 2018

Indian Navy inducts its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: DSRV

Mains level: Rising capabilities of Indian Navy


News

  • The Indian Navy has inducted its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) System at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai.

About DSRV

  1. DSRV is used to rescue crew members stranded in submarines that get disabled. The Indian Navy joins a select group of naval forces in the world that boasts of this niche capability.
  2. The DSRV can be operated at a depth of 650 meters and can hold around 15 people.
  3. The Indian Navy in March 2016 had commissioned two DSRVs, the second will deployed at the Eastern Naval Command in Visakhapatnam.
  4. The induction of the DSRV marks the culmination of years of effort of the Indian Navy in acquiring this niche submarine rescue capability.

Why need DSRV System?

  1. The Indian Navy currently operates submarines of the Sindhughosh, Shishumar, Kalvari Classes as well as nuclear powered submarines.
  2. The operating medium and the nature of operations undertaken by submarines expose them to high degree of inherent risk.
  3. In such an eventuality, traditional methods of search and rescue at sea are ineffective for a disabled submarine.
  4. To overcome this capability gap the Navy has acquired a third generation, advanced Submarine Rescue System considering of a Non-tethered Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) and its associated equipment.

What makes Indian DSRV special?

  1. The Indian Navy’s DSRV System is considered to be the most advanced system currently in operation globally for its capability of undertaking rescue from a disabled Submarine upto 650 m depth.
  2. It is operated by a crew of three, can rescue 14 personnel from a disabled Submarine at one time and can operate in extreme sea conditions (sea state 6).

Back2Basics

Sea State

  1. A sea state is the general condition of the free surface on a large body of water—with respect to wind waves and swell—at a certain location and moment.
  2. It is characterized by statistics, including the wave height, period, and power spectrum.
  3. The sea state varies with time, as the wind conditions or swells conditions change.
Dec, 05, 2018

Theatre Level Readiness and Operational Exercise (TROPEX)

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Security | Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: TROPEX

Mains level: Enhancing coastal security of India


News

  • The Indian Navy will be conducting its flagship Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise, (TROPEX), from January end till early March next year.

About TROPEX

  1. Theatre Level Readiness and Operational Exercise (TROPEX) is an inter-service military exercise involving the participation of the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and the Coast Guard.
  2. The exercise generally commences at the beginning of each year and lasts a month.
  3. It is generally carried out in three phases: independent workup phase, joint workup phase and tactical phase.
  4. The exercise is designed to test the combat readiness of the Indian naval units, as well as the Indian Air Force, Indian Army and the Indian Coast Guard.
  5. It also seeks to strengthen interoperability and joint operations in a complex environment.

Exercise Sea Vigil

  1. The Indian Navy will conduct a large-scale coastal defence exercise next month to test the robustness of the entire coastal security apparatus.
  2. It will involve all stake holders across mainland and Island territories, and will see the participation of all operational ships, submarines and aircraft as well as units of Indian coast guards, Indian Army and the Indian Air Force.
Nov, 30, 2018

[pib] Exercise KONKAN-18

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Konkan

Mains level:  India-UK strategic relations


News

Exercise Konkan-18

  1. The Bilateral KONKAN exercise is marks the naval cooperation between India and the United Kingdom based on the long term strategic relationship.
  2. The KONKAN series of exercises commenced in 2004, and since then has grown in scale.
  3. KONKAN-2018 will be conducted from 28 Nov to 06 Dec 18 off Goa with units participating from both navies.
  4. The harbour phase is scheduled from 28 Nov to 30 Nov 18, followed by the sea phase from 02 to 06 Dec 18.
  5. The Royal Navy will be represented by HMS Dragon, a Type 45 Class Destroyer equipped with an integral Wildcat helicopter.
  6. The Indian Navy will field INS Kolkata, the first ship of latest Kolkata class destroyers, equipped with integral Seaking and an IN submarine.
  7. The thrust of the exercise this year would be on Anti-Air warfare, Anti-Surface Warfare, Anti-Submarine Warfare, Visit Board Search and Seizure (VBSS) and Seamanship Evolutions.
Nov, 13, 2018

[pib] Bilateral Naval Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’

Note4Students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The following things are important from the UPSC perspective:

Prelims Level: Samudra Shakti

Mains Level: India-ASEAN strategic relations


News

  • Indian Navy and Indonesian Navy has scheduled Bilateral Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’.

Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’

  1. The aim of the exercise is to strengthen bilateral relations, expand maritime co-operation, enhance interoperability and exchange best practices.
  2. The exercise would start with a Harbour Phase encompassing planning and briefing on various activities, professional interactions, cross deck visits, sports fixtures and social interactions.
  3. This would progress to a Sea Phase which include operations such as Joint Maneuvers, Helicopter Operations, Surface Warfare exercise, ASW exercise and Anti Piracy exercises.
  4. The exercise seeks to promote India’s solidarity with Indonesia towards ensuring good order in the maritime domain and to strengthen existing bonds between the navies of the two nations.
Nov, 12, 2018

[pib] SIMBEX-18 kicks off at port Blair between India and Singapore

Note4Students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The following things are important from the UPSC perspective:

Prelims Level: SIMBEX 2018

Mains Level: India-Singapore strategic relations


News

SIMBEX 2018

  1. The 25th edition of the India-Singapore bilateral naval exercise, SIMBEX, has begun at the tri-services command in Port Blair.
  2. Started as Basic ASW exercises in 1994, today these exercises have graduated to complex maritime combat drills including missile and torpedo firings and shore based intensive professional exchanges.
  3. Started as basic Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) exercises in 1994, today these exercises have graduated to complex maritime combat drills, including missile and torpedo firings, and shore-based intensive professional exchanges.
  4. Seven ships from the Indian Navy and five ships from the Singapore Navy along with an Archer class submarine and a Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle will take part in the exercise.
  5. The number of missiles and torpedo firings being undertaken are in fact unprecedented and perhaps the largest the Indian Navy has undertaken with any foreign Navy till date.

Recent Collaborations

  1. The two countries have vastly expanded their military cooperation in recent years under India’s Act East policy.
  2. Late last year, the two countries signed a naval agreement which has a provision for mutual logistical support and gives India access to the Changi naval base.
  3. India and Singapore are working on a trilateral exercise with an Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) country, likely Thailand, and eventually plan to scale it up to a multilateral format.
Nov, 05, 2018

[pib] Indian Navy’s Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV) Capability

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: DSRV

Mains level: Modernising Indian Navy


News

Context

  • The Indian Navy has inducted a Submarine Rescue System with a Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV) along with associated equipment.

Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV)

  1. The Indian DSRV has the capability to rescue personnel from a distressed submarine (DISSUB) up to a depth of 650 m and it is the latest in terms of technology and capabilities.
  2. It has been designed and supplied to meet unique requirements of our submarines by M/s James Fishes Defence, UK.
  3. This System has a Side Scan Sonar for locating the position of the submarine in distress at sea.
  4. It will be providing immediate relief by way of posting Emergency Life Support Containers with the help of Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) for the rescue.
  5. To ensure early mobilization, the System permits rapid transportation of the Rescue System from the base to the exact location of the distressed submarine by transportation using air/land/sea vessels.
Oct, 31, 2018

[pib] INS Tarangini returns after Vogage across the World

Note4students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level:  Lokayan 2018, INS Tarangini

Mains level: Not Much


News

Context

  • The sail training ship of Indian Navy, INS Tarangini based at Kochi, returned after a seven month long sailing across the world.

Lokayan 18

  1. The Voyage named “Lokayan 18” was flagged off on 10 Apr 18 from Kochi in INS Tarangini.
  2. During the voyage, the ship has proudly ‘shown the flag’ and highlighted the diverse culture of India across 15 ports in 13 countries.
  3. The ship sailed across the Arabian Sea, Red Sea, Suez Canal, Mediterranean Sea, Strait of Gibraltar, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, English Channel and North Sea, right up to Norway before commencing her homeward passage back to Kochi.
  4. The ship also participated in the culminating event of the ‘Three Festival Tall Ships Regatta’ at Bordeaux, France.
  5. Over the years, INS Tarangini has been extensively deployed for long voyages away from her base port of Kochi, which includes one circumnavigation of the globe (2003-04) and three previous ‘Lokayans’ (2005, 2007 and 2015).

About INS Tarangini

  1. INS Tarangini is a three masted ‘square rigged’ barque which carries a total of 20 sails.
  2. She is the First Sail Training Ship in Indian Navy and was commissioned on 11 Nov 1997.
  3. In her 21 years of glorious service, she has sailed over 2,20,000 nautical miles to date across the world’s oceans.
  4. She is the first of two Sail Training Ships in the First Training Squadron, the other being INS Sudarshini.
  5. The primary role of these Sail Training Ships is to develop character and professionalism, as well as inculcate the qualities of initiative, courage, resilience and spirit amongst the Sea Trainees.
  6. The ship also imparts practical training to them, primarily on navigation, sailing and seamanship.
Oct, 17, 2018

Indian Navy acquires deep submarine rescue capabilities

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: DSRV

Mains level: Modernising Indian Navy


News

Context

  1. Enhancing its operational capabilities, Indian Navy has inducted its first deep submergence rescue vehicle.
  2. It can be deployed to rescue downed or disaster-struck submarines at high sea.

Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV)

  1. DSRVs are used for rescue of personnel in downed submarines.
  2. They are also deployed for various other missions including to lay cables on the sea bed.
  3. Some DSRV vessels are air transportable in very large military cargo.
  4. The DSRV which was inducted can be mobilized from the naval base in Mumbai to nearest mounting port by air, land and sea.
  5. The second DSRV is expected to be inducted at Visakhapatnam in 2019.

Importance of DSRV Deployment

  1. With induction of the DSRV, India has joined a select group of countries that have the capability to locate and rescue distressed submarines.
  2. At present, the US, China, Russia and a few other countries have the capabilities to deploy DSRVs.
Oct, 11, 2018

[pib] Goa Maritime Symposium – 2018

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Read the attached story

Mains level: India’s Maritime relations with the IOR countries


News

Goa Maritime Symposium – 2018

  1. Towards fostering friendly relations with our maritime neighbours, the Indian Navy, through the Naval War College, Goa is hosting the Goa Maritime Symposium – 2018.
  2. The event is likely to be attended by senior naval officers and representatives from 16 Indian Ocean littoral countries and island nations.
  3. The theme for the one day symposium is “Building Stronger Maritime Partnerships in IOR.”
  4. The focus of the symposium is on capacity building among IOR Navies to tackle emerging maritime threats, as well as discussing cooperative strategies for enhancing interoperability among partner maritime agencies.
Oct, 08, 2018

[pib] Bilateral Maritime Exercise JIMEX 18

Note4students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: JIMEX 2018

Mains level: Importance of such bilateral exercises


News

Japan-India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX) 2018

  1. Japan and India would be participating in the third edition of Japan-India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX) with the ships of Eastern Fleet of the Indian Navy (IN) from 07 to 15 October 18.
  2. JIMEX-18 is aimed to enhance interoperability, improve understanding and imbibe the best practices of each other.
  3. The ships participating are INS Satpura, multipurpose stealth frigate, INS Kadmatt, Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvette, Missile Corvette and INS Shakti, the Fleet Tanker.
  4. In addition, one submarine, P8I Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft and a number of integral helicopters would also be participating in the exercise.

Details of JIMEX 18

  1. JIMEX 18, spread over eight days, will comprise a Harbour Phase and a Sea Phase of four days each.
  2. The Harbour Phase will include professional and social interactions between ship’s crews, sports fixtures and operational planning for the Sea Phase.
  3. The Sea Phase would include Anti-Submarine Warfare Exercises, VBSS (Visit, Board, Search and Seizure) Drills, Gun Firings, Cross Deck Helo Operations and coordinated operations in Anti-Submarine/ Anti-Air threat scenarios.
  4. The last edition of JIMEX was conducted in Dec 2013 off Chennai.

Importance of the exercise

  1. The conduct of JIMEX-18 after five years is indicative of an upswing in the Indo-Japanese defence relations and the continued efforts to work closely to enhance safety and security of the global commons.
  2. It will help establishing rule based order on the IOR.
Oct, 03, 2018

[pib] IBSAMAR-VI kicks off at Simons Town, South Africa

Note4students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: IBSAMAR VI, IBSA

Mains level: Not Much


News

IBSAMAR VI 2018

  1. The sixth edition of IBSAMAR, a joint Multi – National Maritime Exercise between the Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies, is being held at Simons Town, South Africa.
  2. The Indian Navy is represented by Guided Missile Frigate Tarkash, Guided Missile Destroyer Kolkata, Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft P8I, Seaking and Chetak helicopters as well as a MARCOS contingent.
  3. The exercise includes both harbour and sea phases with various navigation and seamanship evolutions, surface weapons firing, force protection exercises, antipiracy exercise, anti-air and anti-submarine exercise as well as flying operations.

About IBSAMAR

  1. IBSAMAR are a series of naval exercises between the navies of India, Brazil, South Africa.
  2. The aim of the exercise is to undertake collective training for participating navies, building interoperability and mutual understanding as well as sharing of best practices.
  3. The first exercise took place in 2008.
Sep, 17, 2018

EyeROV TUNA: India's first Underwater Robotic Drone

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: EyeROV Tuna

Mains level: Modernising Indian Navy


News

India’s first Underwater Drone

  1. India’s first underwater robotic drone was launched and handed over to the Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) of DRDO.
  2. The Remotedly Operated Vehicle (ROV)/underwater drone, named EyeROV TUNA, was developed by EyeROV Technologies, a company incubating at Kalamassery-based Maker Village, Kochi.
  3. NPOL, a laboratory of Delhi-headquartered Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), made the first order of the product.
  4. The drone will be used by NPOL for research and development activities which in turn would result in a commercial product for defense purposes.

Features of EyeROV TUNA

  1. It can be navigated up to a depth of 50 metres to take real-time HD video images to examine ship hulls or undersea cables or bridge moorings, eliminating the need for costlier and riskier manual inspection by divers.
  2. It weighs less than 10 kilogram and can be used for inspection of ship hulls, ports, dams and nuclear power plants
  3. EyeROV is a light rover which can be easily accessed and controlled with the supporting attached and connected hardware such as laptops and joysticks.
  4. It can be used for inspection of ship hulls, ports, dams and nuclear power plants.
Sep, 12, 2018

India’s first missile tracking ship is readying for sea trials

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: VC 11184

Mains level: Modernization of Indian Navy


News

VC 11184

  1. This will be the first of its kind ocean surveillance ship being built as part of the efforts to strengthen the country’s strategic weapons programme.
  2. Its induction will put India in the elite of club of a few countries that have such a sophisticated ocean surveillance ship.
  3. It has the capacity to carry 300-strong crew with hi-tech gadgets and communication equipment, powered by two diesel engines, and a large deck capable of helicopter landing.
  4. The keel of the ship which was laid on June 30, 2014, is being built for the National Technical Research Organisation.
  5. This technical intelligence agency working directly under the supervision of the Prime Minister’s Office and the National Security Adviser.

Strategic Weapons Programme

  1. Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) is gearing up to undertake sea trials of India’s first missile tracking ship by the first week of October.
  2. Visakhapatnam is considered a strategic location on the East Coast for the Indian defence forces as it is home for Ship Building Centre to build nuclear powered submarine INS Arihant class.
Aug, 31, 2018

[pib] Indian Naval ship Sahyadri reaches Darwin, Australia for exercise KAKADU 2018

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Kakadu

Mains level: Participation of India in various bilateral and multilateral military exercises


News

Exercise KAKADU

  1. After having been deployed to the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean for over four months, which included representing Indian Navy in multinational exercises MALABAR 18 at Guam and RIMPAC 18 at Hawaii, INS Sahyadri entered the Port of Darwin, Australia to participate in Exercise KAKADU 2018
  2. Indian Navy’s participation in KAKADU 18 provides an excellent opportunity to engage with regional partners and undertake multinational maritime activities ranging from constabulary operations to high-end maritime warfare in a combined environment
  3. It is aimed at enhancing interoperability and development of common understanding of procedures for maritime operations

About the exercise

  1. Exercise KAKADU, which started in 1993, is the premier multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and supported by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)
  2. The exercise is held biennially in Darwin and the Northern Australian Exercise Areas (NAXA)
  3. Exercise KAKADU derives its name from Kakadu National Park, which is a protected area in the northern territory of Australia, 171 km south-east of Darwin
  4. KAKADU 2018 is the 14th edition of the exercise
  5. During the exercise, professional exchanges in harbour and diverse range of activities at sea, including complex surface, sub-surface and air operations would enable sharing of best practices and honing of operational skills
Jun, 08, 2018

[pib] Operation NISTAR Successfully Culminates with Safe Disembarkations of 38 Indian Nationals at Porbandar

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Spot all places mentioned on World Map, Operation NISTAR

Mains level:  Not Much


News

Operation NISTAR

  • INS Sunayana successfully evacuated 38 Indian Nationals at/ off Socotra Islands during a swift Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Operation (HADR), code named Operation NISTAR.
  • The Indian Nationals were stranded after severe Cyclonic Storm – Mekunu devastated the area around Socotra Island.
  • INS Sunayana was diverted from Gulf of Aden deployment to Socotra Island for search and rescue operations.

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) in India’s National Strategy

  • HADR operations have attracted the attention of the global community in recent years.
  • The Indian armed forces have a wide experience of disaster relief operations both at home and abroad, where they have been the core of relief operations.
  • Due to its sub-continental size, geographical location and its vulnerability to disasters, India has kept its forces ready to render assistance at short notice.
  • In the six decades since independence, India has experienced a number of natural and man-made disasters such as floods, earthquakes, famines, industrial accidents etc.
  • At the same time, India has partnered the global community in providing relief in affected regions
Feb, 26, 2018

India to host mega naval exercise amid China's manoeuvring in high seas

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The following things are important from the UPSC perspective:

Prelims Level: Particulars of the exercise

Mains Level: The exercise is being organised in the backdrop of China’s growing military posturing in the Indo-Pacific region.


News

Mega Naval Exercise

  1. India will host navies from at least 16 countries for an eight-day mega naval exercise from March 6 with an aim to expand regional cooperation and combat unlawful activities in critical sea lanes
  2. Name of the exercise: ‘Milan’

Particulars of the exercise

  1. It is a biennial exercise
  2. It is being organised at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  3. Countries participating in the exercise include Australia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Myanmar, New Zealand, Oman, Vietnam, Thailand, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kenya and Cambodia

Background

  1. ‘Milan’ was first held in 1995 with the participation of just five navies
  2. The aim of the initiative was to have an effective forum to discuss common concerns in the Indian Ocean Region and forge deeper cooperation among friendly navies
  3. The exercise is being hosted by the Indian Navy under the aegis of the Andaman and Nicobar Command
Feb, 01, 2018

INS Karanj boosts Navy’s firepower

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: INS Karanj, Project 75

Mains level: Rising capabilities of armed forces


News

Third Scorpene class submarine joins Naval fleet

  1. The Navy’s third state-of-the-art Scorpene class submarine, INS Karanj, has been launched
  2. The new submarine is named after the earlier Kalvari class INS Karanj, which was decommissioned in 2003
  3. This launch follows the launch of the first two Scorpene submarines — INS Kalavari and INS Khanderi

Back2Basics

Project 75 of Indian Navy

  1. Six Scorpene class submarines are being built under Project 75
  2. This is being done under a $3.75 billion technology transfer signed in October 2005 with the Naval Group of France
  3. The Scorpene class is the Navy’s first modern conventional submarine series in almost two decades since INS Sindhushastra was procured from Russia in July 2000
  4. The Scorpene is a conventional submarine with classical diesel propulsion
  5. India’s first ultra-deep diving vessel, the Scorpéne is stealthier than the average submarine
  • Subscribe

    Do not miss important study material

Leave a Reply

Please Login to comment
  Subscribe  
Notify of