Indian Navy Updates

Indian Navy Updates

Dismantling INS Viraat

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : INS Viraat

Mains level : Not much

Decommissioned aircraft carrier INS Viraat is set to be scrapped at a ship breaking yard at Alang in Gujarat soon.

In rarest case we would see a question based on this in CSP. However, we can expect a question based on INS Viraat in the CAPF exam very well.

INS Viraat

  • Viraat, a Centaur class aircraft carrier weighing 27,800 tonnes, served in the British Navy as HMS Hermes for 25 years from November 1959 to April 1984.
  • It was commissioned into the Indian Navy in May 1987 after refurbishment and had operated Harrier fighter jets.
  • It was decommissioned from in March 2017, and the Navy had been incurring expenditure since then on its upkeep, such as the provision of electricity and water, and repairs.
  • In 2018, the Maharashtra Cabinet approved a proposal to convert the carrier into a museum and hospitality centre on a PPP basis and had invited bids. But there were no takers.

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What are MK 54 torpedoes, AGM-84L Harpoon missiles that US has cleared for sale to India?

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Read the attached story

Mains level : India-US arms trade

The US has approved a military sale to India of 16 MK 54 all round up lightweight torpedoes and ten AGM-84L Harpoon Block II air-launched missiles. India plans to use the equipment requested in both the deals on the Indian Navy’s Boeing P-8I maritime aircraft.

What is “Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)” , sometimes seen in the news? (CSP 2018) .

MK 54 lightweight torpedo

  • The MK 54 lightweight torpedo is known as the Lightweight Hybrid Torpedo (LHT).
  • It weighs around 608 pounds, while its warhead weighs around 96.8 pounds and is highly explosive.
  • The primary use of this equipment is for offensive purposes when deployed by anti-submarine warfare aircraft and helicopters, and for defensive purposes when deployed by ships and against fast, deep-diving nuclear submarines and slow-moving, quiet, diesel-electric submarines.

AGM-84L Harpoon Block II air-launched missiles

  • The Harpoon missile system will be integrated into the P-8I aircraft to conduct anti-surface warfare missions in defence of critical sea lanes.
  • It uses GPS-aided inertial navigation to hit the designated target.
  • Its warhead weighs over 500 pounds and is capable of delivering lethal firepower against targets, including land-based targets, coastal defence sites, surface-to-air missile sites, exposed aircraft and industrial or port facilities.

About P-8I aircraft

  • Boeing’s P-8s are designed for long-range anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions.
  • The P-8s India version is called the P-8I, and helps the Indian Navy carry out important maritime operations.
  • According to Boeing, the aircraft can surpass 25,000 flight hours, and gives the Navy a significant edge in the strategically important Indian Ocean.
  • India currently has eight of these aircraft and is scheduled to receive four more by 2022.

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[pib] Bay of Bengal Offshore Sailing Expedition (BBSE)

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Bay of Bengal Offshore Sailing Expedition (BBSE)

Mains level : Not Much

 

Indian Naval Sailing Vessels Mhadei and Tarini set sail for the Bay of Bengal Offshore Sailing Expedition from the Indian Naval Ocean Sailing Node at Goa.

BBSE

  • This would be the maiden major mixed crew sailing expedition of the Indian Navy with crew composition of five naval officers including two women officers in each boat.
  • It would be covering a total distance of 6,100 Nautical miles each and will be at sea for 55 days.
  • The prolonged voyage of nearly three months during this expedition would showcase harnessing of renewal energy namely wind energy to propel the boats.
  • The expedition is also in pursuance of the GOI mission of ‘Nari Shakti’ providing opportunity to women officers at par with men.
  • The sailing vessels as part of the expedition would make replenishment halts at ports of Phuket, Yangon, Chittagong and Colombo.

About the vessels

  • Mhadei and Tarini inducted in the Indian Navy on 08 February 2009 and 18 February 2017 respectively have been the vessels of choice for the naval expeditions in various sailing expeditions, including three circumnavigations and thus have thousands of miles tucked under their belt.
  • Mhadei has successfully completed two circumnavigations, three Cape to Rio trans-Atlantic races and several other expeditions around various continents.
  • The vessel has covered in excess of 1,36,000 nautical miles.
  • Tarini created history in 2017-18 when six Indian Naval women officers sailed the vessel on maiden circumnavigation voyage titled Navika Sagar Parikrama.
  • She thereafter also participated in mixed crew Kochi to Seychelles sail training expedition during the 10th-anniversary celebration of the IONS.

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[pib] Operation Vanilla

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : HADR, Op Vanila

Mains level : NA

Indian navy will perform HADR operations in Madagascar under ‘Operation Vanilla’.

Operation Vanilla

  • Indian Navy Ship Airavat whilst mission deployed in the Southern Indian Ocean has been diverted to Antsiranana based on request recieved from Madagascar.
  • The ship will undertake Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) mission as part of ‘Operation Vanilla’.
  • It has been launched to provide assistance to the affected population of Madagascar post devastation caused by Cyclone Diane.

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Exercise ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Exercise ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’

Mains level : NA

Exercise ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’

  • Indian and Japanese coast guards participated in a joint exercise ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’ on January 16.
  • The aim behind ‘Sahyog-Kaijin’ is to strengthen the bond between the two countries.
  • One ship of the Japanese Coast Guard and four ships and an aircraft of the Indian Coast Guard participated in the joint exercise.
  • The drill is a five-day event.

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[pib] Exercise MILAN 2020

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Ex Milan

Mains level : Not Much

Visakhapatnam is set to host an International Naval event ‘MILAN’ in March 2020.

MILAN 2020

  • It is a multilateral naval exercise aimed to enhance professional interaction between friendly foreign navies and learn from each other’s strengths and best practices in the maritime domain.
  • The Exercise with the theme ‘Synergy Across the Seas’ would provide an excellent opportunity for Operational Commanders of friendly foreign navies to interact with each other in areas of mutual interest.
  • Of the 41 navies invited, confirmations from over 30 navies have been received towards their participation in MILAN 2020.

In continuity with:

[pib] Exercise MILAN 2020

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[pib] Operation Sankalp

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Op Sankalp

Mains level : Safeguards against the ongoing turmoil in the Gulf

Indian Navy has commenced Maritime Security Operations, code named Op SANKALP, in the Gulf region to ensure safe passage of Indian Flag Vessels transiting through the Strait of Hormuz.

Op Sankalp

  • Indian Navy warships and aircraft were deployed to establish presence, provide a sense of reassurance to the Indian merchantmen, monitor the ongoing situation and respond to any emergent crises.
  • The operation is being progressed in close coordination with all stakeholders including Ministry of Defence, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Shipping, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and DG, Shipping.
  • The Navy continues to monitor the situation in the Gulf region and is maintaining presence in the region to ensure security of our sea borne trade and the safety of Indian Flag Merchant Vessels transiting through the region.

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[pib] Exercise ‘Apharan’

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Exercise ‘Apharan’

Mains level : Security of the Indian mercantile coasts

The Indian Navy, in collaboration with Indian Coast Guard conducted a large scale Anti Hijacking Exercise off the Port of Kochi.

Exercise ‘Apharan’

  • The Exercise code named “Apharan” saw participation of multiple agencies, including more than 12 ships and helicopters of the Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard and Cochin Port Trust.
  • This was the first time that such a large scale exercise involving all stake holders has been conducted in Kerala.
  • It was aimed at streamlining the response mechanism/ preparedness to thwart any attempt to hijack a merchant vessel or attempt forced entry of a rogue/commandeered merchant vessel into Indian harbour.

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[pib] NAVARMS-19

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : NAVARMS-19

Mains level : Indian naval arsenal and its significance

The fourth edition of International Seminar cum Exhibition on Naval Weapon Systems ‘NAVARMS-19’ with the theme Make in India is set to be held.

NAVARMS

  • NAVARMS is the only international seminar and exhibition on Naval Weapon Systems conducted in the country to invite all the stakeholders in life cycle management of Naval Weapons and provide a common platform to share their views and concerns.
  • The event provides opportunity for exchange of ideas, create awareness and identify emerging prospects for Indian/International defence industry in domain of Naval Weapon Systems.

Significance

  • India’s quintessential maritime character and vital geo-strategic location are twin factors that have defined her growth as a nation and evolution as a civilization.
  • The Indian Navy today remains the principal manifestation of India’s maritime power and plays a central role in safeguarding and prompting her security and national interests in the maritime domain.
  • The Navy’s roles and responsibilities have also expanded significantly over the years in response to changing geo-economic and geo-strategic circumstances.
  • These roles necessitate a wide inventory of weapon systems that cater for India’s security-cum-threat calculus.

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Blue Water Force

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Color classification in Navy

Mains level : Indian naval arsenal and its significance

On the Navy Day, Raksha Mantri has greeted all naval personnel and called itself a formidable blue water force.

Blue Water Navy

  • A Blue Water Navy is one that has the capacity to project itself over a much bigger maritime area than its maritime borders.
  • Simply put, it is a Navy that can go into the vast, deep oceans of the world.
  • However, while most navies have the capacity to send ships into the deep oceans, a Blue Water Force is able to carry out operations far from its borders, without being required to return to its home port to refuel or re-stock.
  • While it is evident that Blue Water navies belong to the most powerful nations, there is no one internationally agreed upon definition.
  • Owning one or more aircraft carriers is sometimes seen as a marker.

Color classification in Navy

  • Navies are classified in terms of colours.
  • A navy whose operations are restricted close to the shore, where the water is muddy, is called a Brown Water Force.
  • A navy that can go farther out is called a Green Water Force. And then there is a Blue Water Force.

Defining Blue Water Navy

  • According to the Indian Maritime Doctrine, 2015 the ability to undertake distant operations distinguish a blue-water navy from a brown-water force.
  • It requires strong integral capacity, including logistics, surveillance, networked operations, etc., and enabling capability, including equipment design, training, doctrine and organisation.
  • It states distant operations rely upon the attributes of access, mobility, sustenance and reach in order to show presence, project power and/or accomplish other national objectives in the area of interest.
  • As the Indian Navy has the capacity to carry distant operations “at or from the sea, up to considerable distance from national shore bases”, it qualifies as a Blue Water Force.

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[pib] Exercise MILAN 2020

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : About the Exercise

Mains level : NA


Naval Exercise MILAN 2020 is scheduled to be held at Vishakhapatnam in March 2020 in which 41 countries have been invited.

About the Exercise

  • The Government pursues cooperation initiatives with friendly foreign countries including in Indian Ocean Region through structured interactions like Staff Talks, Empowered Steering Group etc.
  • The areas of cooperation include Capacity Building, Marine Domain Awareness, Training, Hydrography, Technical Assistance, Operational Exercise etc.
  • 41 countries including Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, South Korea, the US, the UK, Australia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Iran, Sri Lanka, Thailand among others are going to participate.

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[pib] Exercise Za’ir-Al-Bahr (Roar of the Sea)

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : About the Exercise

Mains level : NA

Indian Navy has arrived at Doha for the inaugural edition of the Bilateral Maritime Exercise Za’ir-Al-Bahr (Roar of the Sea).

 Exercise Za’ir-Al-Bahr

  • The exercise is being conducted from 17 to 21 Nov 19 between the Indian Navy and Qatari Emiri Naval Forces.
  • Za’ir-Al-Bahr 2019 would strengthen cooperation and enhance interoperability between the two navies.
  • The Exercise will include a three-day Harbour Phase and Two days Sea Phase.
  • The activities during the harbour phase will include a seminar, professional interaction, official visits, sports fixtures along with social and cultural events.
  • The Sea Phase will include a Tactical Maritime Exercise involving the domains of Surface Action, Air Defence, Maritime Surveillance and Interdiction Operation and anti-terrorism.

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[pib] Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : About the Exercise

Mains level : Maritime Security in Bay of Bengal region

  • India Navy and Indonesian navy hold Joint Naval Exercise “Samudra Shakti” In Bay Of Bengal.

Ex. Samudra Shakti

  • It is a joint exercise between Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy.
  • The joint exercises include manoeuvres, Surface Warfare exercises, Air Defence exercises, Weapon firing drills, Helicopter Operations and Boarding Operations.
  • The Harbour Phase included professional interactions in the form of Subject Matter Expert Exchanges (SMEE), cross deck visits, simulator drills, planning conferences, sports fixtures and social interactions.

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Place in news: INS Baaz

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : INS Baaz

Mains level : Maritime Security in Bay of Bengal region


  • Recently Navy Chief Admiral visited INS Baaz, the southernmost air station of the Indian Armed Forces.

INS Baaz

  • The Indian Naval Station (INS) ‘Baaz’ was commissioned in July 2012, and is the southernmost air station of the Indian Armed Forces.
  • INS Baaz is located at Campbell Bay on the Great Nicobar island, the southernmost and largest island in the UT of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • It is a part of the Andaman and Nicobar Command, the only tri-services formation of the Indian Armed Forces that was started in 2001.
  • This island is also the location of the Indira Point and is less than 250 km by sea from Banda Aceh in Indonesia.
  • Campbell Bay, where the base is located, is more than 1,500 km away from the Indian mainland, and 500 km from Port Blair.

Significance

  • The A&N Islands are strategically important for India’s national security as they provide a critical capability to monitor sea areas in the region.
  • The primary functions of the INS Baaz include helping build Maritime Domain Awareness by providing information via airborne surveillance using aircraft and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).
  • The base was first equipped with a runway of 3,500 feet but was later lengthened to enable larger aircraft to operate from it.
  • The location has been described as India’s “window into East and Southeast Asia”, and is in close vicinity of the Six Degree Channel, also called the Great Channel.
  • It is one of the Indian Ocean’s busiest shipping lines, carrying strategic cargo to East Asian countries.
  • It is also close to the Strait of Malacca. The INS Baaz helps to ensure maritime security in the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
  • The base also assists the local populace in times of need such as facilitating evacuation during medical emergencies.

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[pib] Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) 2019

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : CORPAT

Mains level : India's engagement with Bay of Bengal neighbors

  • The second edition of Indian Navy (IN) –Bangladesh Navy(BN) Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) has commenced in Northern Bay of Bengal.

IN-BN CORPAT

  • It is aimed at upgrading to a bilateral exercise with the navies engaging in seamanship evolutions, flying exercises with integral helicopters and maritime patrol aircraft at sea.
  • Additionally, exercises entailing the development of mutual communication and sharing of best practices would also be undertaken, adding a new dimension to the Indo – Bangladesh maritime relations.
  • Both navies hone their mutual cooperation whilst patrolling near the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) during the current edition of CORPAT.

 Background

  • CORPAT is an Indian Navy tactical procedure on behalf of Indian “Wannabe” diplomatic ambitions rather than a Multi National Treaty.
  • CORPAT has been carried out with Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Thailand.
  • It is a naval procedure that India carries out with any other country that is willing in an attempt at showing the flag as a diplomatic maneuver.

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[pib] Exercise MALABAR  2019

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Exercise Malabar

Mains level : Significance of the multilateral exercise

  • The 23rd edition of the Trilateral Maritime Exercise MALABAR, is scheduled between the navies of India, Japan and USA from 26 Sep to 04 Oct 19 off the coast of Japan.

Exercise Malabar

  • Exercise Malabar is a trilateral naval exercise involving the United States, Japan and India as permanent partners.
  • Originally begun in 1992 as a bilateral exercise between India and the United States, Japan became a permanent partner in 2015.
  • Past non-permanent participants are Australia and Singapore.
  • The annual Malabar series began in 1992 and includes diverse activities, ranging from fighter combat operations from aircraft carriers through Maritime Interdiction Operations Exercises.
  • Malabar 2019 would encompass conduct of complex maritime operations in the surface, sub-surface and air domains, and focus on Anti-Submarine Warfare, Anti-Air, Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO) including Visit Board Search and Seizure (VBSS) etc..
  • In addition, the partner navies would conduct official protocol visits, professional interactions including Subject Matter Expert Exchanges (SMEE), reciprocal ship visits, sports fixtures and social events during the harbour phase.

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[pib] Exercise Samudra Laksamana

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Exercise Samudra Laksamana

Mains level : Indian ocean security

  • The Indian Navy and Malaysian Navy had recently participated in the bilateral exercise ‘Samudra Laksamana’.

Exercise Samudra Laksamana

  • The exercise includes two phases: A harbour phase wherein professional interactions social engagements, visits by the local populace and various sports events would be conducted.
  • The Sea Phase of the exercise would enable the two navies to further sharpen their skills in order to enhance interoperability between the navies to ensure peaceful and secure seas for all.
  • From the Indian side, Indian Navy Ships Sahyadri and Kiltan will participate in the exercise.
  • The visit of the IN ships would further bolster the strong bonds of friendship between the two countries and contribute to the security and stability in the region.

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[pib] Operation Sankalp

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Op Sankalp

Mains level : Maritime security and logistics

Operation Sankalp

  • Indian Navy launched Operation Sankalp in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to reassure Indian flagged vessels transiting through the area following the recent maritime incidents in the region.
  • The operation has been launched in the wake of escalating tension in the Gulf of Oman, where two oil tankers were attacked last week.
  • INS Chennai and INS Sunayna have been deployed in the region to undertake maritime security operations.
  • In addition, aerial surveillance in the area is also being done by IN aircraft.
  • The Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region of the Indian Navy keeps watch on the movement of ships in the Gulf region.

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[pib] Sahara Hostel

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Sahara hostels

Mains level : Empowerment of veer naris

  • Lt Governor of Delhi has inaugurated the Sahara Naval Hostel for the ‘Veer Naris’

Sahara Naval Hostel

  • Sahara Hostel is a unique and first of its kind initiative by the Indian Navy for the welfare of the Naval Widows/Veernaris.
  • It is aimed towards providing support to the lady and their families in the period immediately after the unfortunate demise of their husbands.
  • Only those widows who have completed the requisite period in Government accommodation after the demise of their husbands are eligible to apply for stay in the hostel for one year.
  • Extension beyond this period will be considered based on availability and merits of the case.
  • The unique project has been built in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) partnership with National Buildings Construction Corporation (NBCC).
  • It comprises compact suites equipped with all necessary amenities for dignified living, along with a common Dining Hall and a Community Hall.

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Exercise Group Sail

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Exercise Group Sail

Mains level : Ensuring safe and open sea lanes

Exercise Group Sail

  • Two Indian naval ships joined their counterparts from the US, Japan, and The Philippines for a “Group Sail” exercise through the contested waters of the South China Sea.
  • In China, the ships took part in the International Fleet Review (IFR) as part of the 70th anniversary celebrations of the People’s Liberation Army (Navy).
  • The ships undertook various exercises en route which included formation manoeuvering, under way replenishment runs, cross-deck flying and exchange of sea riders.
  • The group sail exercise showcased India’s commitment to operating with like-minded nations to ensure safe maritime environment through enhanced interoperability.

Importance of the exercise

  • The exercise comes at a time when India has been warily looking at increased Chinese activity in the northern Indian Ocean, traditionally seen as India’s backyard.
  • The presence of Chinese ships and submarines has been on the rise.
  • In 2017, China opened its first overseas military facility in Djibouti and has also been investing heavily in infrastructure along Africa’s eastern coast – in Tanzania and Kenya – as part of its ambitious OBOR initiative.
  • This move underlined India’s commitment to working with partners to ensure safe and open sea lanes.

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Fourth Scorpene-class submarine INS Vela launched

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : INS Vela, Project 75

Mains level : India's naval arsenal

  • The Scorpene-class submarine Vela, the fourth of six underwater warships being built in India with French collaboration, was launched in Mumbai.

INS Vela

  • The submarine has been named ‘Vela’ after an earlier lead submarine of the erstwhile Vela class, which was the second batch of the Foxtrot class submarines acquired from erstwhile Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
  • INS Vela is the fourth Scorpene class Submarine of Project 75.
  • INS Kalvari, the first of the Scorpene-class submarines, was commissioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on December 14, 2017.
  • INS Khanderi and INS Karanj are in advanced stages to join the fleet.
  • The remaining two — INS Vagir and INS Vagsheer are in the advanced stages of manufacturing.

Scorpene Class Submarine: What it means?

  • The Scorpene class submarines have the capability to be operational in any theatre also have the capability of undertaking different types of missions, which include anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying and area surveillance.
  • They have top end stealth features which includes advanced acoustic silencing techniques, low radiated noise levels, hydro-dynamically optimised shape and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision-guided weapons.

Who built it?

  • The State-owned Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited has entered into a contract for construction and transfer of technology for six Scorpene-class submarines with French collaborator Ms Naval Group (formerly DCNS).

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[pib] Exercise Cutlass Express 2019

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Cutlass Express 2019

Mains level:  India-US strategic relations


News

  • INS Trikand, a front-line warship of the Indian Navy, recently participated in a multinational training exercise ‘CUTLASS EXPRESS – 19’ held from 27 Jan to 06 Feb 19.

Exercise Cutlass Express 2019                                       

  1. Cutlass Express 2019 is sponsored by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and is conducted by U.S. Naval Forces Africa.
  2. It is an exercise designed to assess and improve combined maritime law enforcement capacity, promote national and regional security in East Africa as well as information sharing, planning and operating.
  3. The aim of the exercise was to improve law enforcement capacity, promote regional security and progress inter-operability between the armed forces of the participating nations.
  4. During the exercise, Naval, Coast Guard and Marine Police personnel from a number of East African countries were jointly trained by mentors from USA, India, and Netherlands, with support of international organisations.

Role of Indian Navy

  1. The Indian Navy played a significant role in the exercise, being involved in planning, coordination and execution.
  2. Through INS Trikand, the IN provided a platform for live Visit Board Search Seizure (VBSS) drills, which proved to be of immense training value to the participating nations.

About INS Trikand 

  1. INS Trikand is equipped with a versatile range of sensors and weapons enabling her to address threats in all the three dimensions – air, surface and sub-surface.
  2. It is an ideal platform for prolonged deployments, including the present one, in which she is carrying out Presence and Surveillance missions and Anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden and Western Arabian Sea.
  3. The ship is a part of the Indian Navy’s Western Fleet and operates under the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Western Naval Command, headquartered at Mumbai.

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Exercise Sea Vigil

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Security | Security challenges and their management

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Sea Vigil

Mains level:  India’s maritime Security


News

Exercise Sea Vigil

  1. Ten years after the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, India conducted its largest coastal defence drill, Exercise Sea Vigil.
  2. The exercise aims to test its preparedness along the entire 7,516.6 km-long-coastline and exclusive economic zone of the country.
  3. Exercise Sea Vigil aims to comprehensively and holistically validate the efficacy of the measures taken since 26/11.
  4. It aims to simultaneously activate the coastal security mechanism across all 13 coastal States and Union Territories.
  5. This involves the evaluation of critical areas and processes, including inter-agency coordination, information sharing and technical surveillance.
  6. Multi agency audit and identification of gaps, shortfalls and incorporation of lessons learnt into Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) are also the desired outcomes.

Role of Indian Navy

  1. Post 26/11, the Navy was designated as the agency responsible for overall maritime security, including offshore and coastal security.
  2. The Coast Guard was designated as the agency responsible for coastal security in territorial waters.
  3. A multi-tiered patrol and surveillance mechanism with focus on technical surveillance and augmenting Maritime Domain Awareness through the coastal radar chain was adopted.
  4. Progress has been made in real-time information sharing through the National Command Control Communication and Intelligence (NC3I) Network and improving intelligence and operational coordination.

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Navy to helm centre on maritime security

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: IFC-IOR

Mains level: Enhancing maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region


News

  • The Indian Navy will formally inaugurate the Information Fusion Centre (IFC) for the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) this week.

Information Fusion Centre (IFC)

  1. The IFC-IOR is established with the vision of strengthening maritime security in the region by building a common coherent maritime situation picture and acting as a maritime information hub for the region.
  2. The IFC has been established at the Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) in Gurugram.
  3. IMAC is the single point centre linking all the coastal radar chains to generate a seamless real-time picture of the nearly 7,500-km coastline.
  4. All countries that have already signed white shipping information exchange agreements with us, about 21 of them, are IFC partners.

Benefits of IFC

  1. With the launch of the IFC, countries now have the option of positioning liaison officers at the IFC.
  2. Through this Centre, information on “white shipping”, or commercial shipping, will be exchanged with countries in the region to improve maritime domain awareness in the Indian Ocean.
  3. Establishment of the IFR-IRO would ensure that the entire region is benefited by mutual collaboration and exchange of information and understanding the concerns and threats which are prevalent in the region.

Maritime network

  1. In a related development, India has signed the ascension agreement to the Trans Regional Maritime Network (T-RMN) which facilitates information exchange on the movement of commercial traffic on the high seas.
  2. Such multilateral agreements are necessitated due to the large traffic in the Indian Ocean which cannot be entirely monitored by any one nation.
  3. The multilateral construct comprises of 30 countries and is steered by Italy.

AIS systems on ships

  1. The information is available primarily through the Automatic Identification System (AIS) fitted on merchant ships with more than 300 gross registered tonnages as mandated by the International Maritime Organisation.
  2. The AIS information comprises name, MMSI number, position, course, speed, last port visited, destination and so on.
  3. This information can be picked up through various AIS sensors including coastal AIS chains and satellite based receivers.

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Indian Navy inducts its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: DSRV

Mains level: Rising capabilities of Indian Navy


News

  • The Indian Navy has inducted its first Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) System at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai.

About DSRV

  1. DSRV is used to rescue crew members stranded in submarines that get disabled. The Indian Navy joins a select group of naval forces in the world that boasts of this niche capability.
  2. The DSRV can be operated at a depth of 650 meters and can hold around 15 people.
  3. The Indian Navy in March 2016 had commissioned two DSRVs, the second will deployed at the Eastern Naval Command in Visakhapatnam.
  4. The induction of the DSRV marks the culmination of years of effort of the Indian Navy in acquiring this niche submarine rescue capability.

Why need DSRV System?

  1. The Indian Navy currently operates submarines of the Sindhughosh, Shishumar, Kalvari Classes as well as nuclear powered submarines.
  2. The operating medium and the nature of operations undertaken by submarines expose them to high degree of inherent risk.
  3. In such an eventuality, traditional methods of search and rescue at sea are ineffective for a disabled submarine.
  4. To overcome this capability gap the Navy has acquired a third generation, advanced Submarine Rescue System considering of a Non-tethered Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV) and its associated equipment.

What makes Indian DSRV special?

  1. The Indian Navy’s DSRV System is considered to be the most advanced system currently in operation globally for its capability of undertaking rescue from a disabled Submarine upto 650 m depth.
  2. It is operated by a crew of three, can rescue 14 personnel from a disabled Submarine at one time and can operate in extreme sea conditions (sea state 6).

Back2Basics

Sea State

  1. A sea state is the general condition of the free surface on a large body of water—with respect to wind waves and swell—at a certain location and moment.
  2. It is characterized by statistics, including the wave height, period, and power spectrum.
  3. The sea state varies with time, as the wind conditions or swells conditions change.

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Theatre Level Readiness and Operational Exercise (TROPEX)

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Security | Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: TROPEX

Mains level: Enhancing coastal security of India


News

  • The Indian Navy will be conducting its flagship Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise, (TROPEX), from January end till early March next year.

About TROPEX

  1. Theatre Level Readiness and Operational Exercise (TROPEX) is an inter-service military exercise involving the participation of the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy and the Coast Guard.
  2. The exercise generally commences at the beginning of each year and lasts a month.
  3. It is generally carried out in three phases: independent workup phase, joint workup phase and tactical phase.
  4. The exercise is designed to test the combat readiness of the Indian naval units, as well as the Indian Air Force, Indian Army and the Indian Coast Guard.
  5. It also seeks to strengthen interoperability and joint operations in a complex environment.

Exercise Sea Vigil

  1. The Indian Navy will conduct a large-scale coastal defence exercise next month to test the robustness of the entire coastal security apparatus.
  2. It will involve all stake holders across mainland and Island territories, and will see the participation of all operational ships, submarines and aircraft as well as units of Indian coast guards, Indian Army and the Indian Air Force.

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[pib] Exercise KONKAN-18

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Konkan

Mains level:  India-UK strategic relations


News

Exercise Konkan-18

  1. The Bilateral KONKAN exercise is marks the naval cooperation between India and the United Kingdom based on the long term strategic relationship.
  2. The KONKAN series of exercises commenced in 2004, and since then has grown in scale.
  3. KONKAN-2018 will be conducted from 28 Nov to 06 Dec 18 off Goa with units participating from both navies.
  4. The harbour phase is scheduled from 28 Nov to 30 Nov 18, followed by the sea phase from 02 to 06 Dec 18.
  5. The Royal Navy will be represented by HMS Dragon, a Type 45 Class Destroyer equipped with an integral Wildcat helicopter.
  6. The Indian Navy will field INS Kolkata, the first ship of latest Kolkata class destroyers, equipped with integral Seaking and an IN submarine.
  7. The thrust of the exercise this year would be on Anti-Air warfare, Anti-Surface Warfare, Anti-Submarine Warfare, Visit Board Search and Seizure (VBSS) and Seamanship Evolutions.

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[pib] Bilateral Naval Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’

Note4Students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The following things are important from the UPSC perspective:

Prelims Level: Samudra Shakti

Mains Level: India-ASEAN strategic relations


News

  • Indian Navy and Indonesian Navy has scheduled Bilateral Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’.

Exercise ‘Samudra Shakti’

  1. The aim of the exercise is to strengthen bilateral relations, expand maritime co-operation, enhance interoperability and exchange best practices.
  2. The exercise would start with a Harbour Phase encompassing planning and briefing on various activities, professional interactions, cross deck visits, sports fixtures and social interactions.
  3. This would progress to a Sea Phase which include operations such as Joint Maneuvers, Helicopter Operations, Surface Warfare exercise, ASW exercise and Anti Piracy exercises.
  4. The exercise seeks to promote India’s solidarity with Indonesia towards ensuring good order in the maritime domain and to strengthen existing bonds between the navies of the two nations.

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[pib] SIMBEX-18 kicks off at port Blair between India and Singapore

Note4Students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The following things are important from the UPSC perspective:

Prelims Level: SIMBEX 2018

Mains Level: India-Singapore strategic relations


News

SIMBEX 2018

  1. The 25th edition of the India-Singapore bilateral naval exercise, SIMBEX, has begun at the tri-services command in Port Blair.
  2. Started as Basic ASW exercises in 1994, today these exercises have graduated to complex maritime combat drills including missile and torpedo firings and shore based intensive professional exchanges.
  3. Started as basic Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) exercises in 1994, today these exercises have graduated to complex maritime combat drills, including missile and torpedo firings, and shore-based intensive professional exchanges.
  4. Seven ships from the Indian Navy and five ships from the Singapore Navy along with an Archer class submarine and a Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle will take part in the exercise.
  5. The number of missiles and torpedo firings being undertaken are in fact unprecedented and perhaps the largest the Indian Navy has undertaken with any foreign Navy till date.

Recent Collaborations

  1. The two countries have vastly expanded their military cooperation in recent years under India’s Act East policy.
  2. Late last year, the two countries signed a naval agreement which has a provision for mutual logistical support and gives India access to the Changi naval base.
  3. India and Singapore are working on a trilateral exercise with an Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) country, likely Thailand, and eventually plan to scale it up to a multilateral format.

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[pib] Indian Navy’s Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV) Capability

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: DSRV

Mains level: Modernising Indian Navy


News

Context

  • The Indian Navy has inducted a Submarine Rescue System with a Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV) along with associated equipment.

Deep Submergence Rescue Vessel (DSRV)

  1. The Indian DSRV has the capability to rescue personnel from a distressed submarine (DISSUB) up to a depth of 650 m and it is the latest in terms of technology and capabilities.
  2. It has been designed and supplied to meet unique requirements of our submarines by M/s James Fishes Defence, UK.
  3. This System has a Side Scan Sonar for locating the position of the submarine in distress at sea.
  4. It will be providing immediate relief by way of posting Emergency Life Support Containers with the help of Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) for the rescue.
  5. To ensure early mobilization, the System permits rapid transportation of the Rescue System from the base to the exact location of the distressed submarine by transportation using air/land/sea vessels.

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[pib] INS Tarangini returns after Vogage across the World

Note4students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level:  Lokayan 2018, INS Tarangini

Mains level: Not Much


News

Context

  • The sail training ship of Indian Navy, INS Tarangini based at Kochi, returned after a seven month long sailing across the world.

Lokayan 18

  1. The Voyage named “Lokayan 18” was flagged off on 10 Apr 18 from Kochi in INS Tarangini.
  2. During the voyage, the ship has proudly ‘shown the flag’ and highlighted the diverse culture of India across 15 ports in 13 countries.
  3. The ship sailed across the Arabian Sea, Red Sea, Suez Canal, Mediterranean Sea, Strait of Gibraltar, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, English Channel and North Sea, right up to Norway before commencing her homeward passage back to Kochi.
  4. The ship also participated in the culminating event of the ‘Three Festival Tall Ships Regatta’ at Bordeaux, France.
  5. Over the years, INS Tarangini has been extensively deployed for long voyages away from her base port of Kochi, which includes one circumnavigation of the globe (2003-04) and three previous ‘Lokayans’ (2005, 2007 and 2015).

About INS Tarangini

  1. INS Tarangini is a three masted ‘square rigged’ barque which carries a total of 20 sails.
  2. She is the First Sail Training Ship in Indian Navy and was commissioned on 11 Nov 1997.
  3. In her 21 years of glorious service, she has sailed over 2,20,000 nautical miles to date across the world’s oceans.
  4. She is the first of two Sail Training Ships in the First Training Squadron, the other being INS Sudarshini.
  5. The primary role of these Sail Training Ships is to develop character and professionalism, as well as inculcate the qualities of initiative, courage, resilience and spirit amongst the Sea Trainees.
  6. The ship also imparts practical training to them, primarily on navigation, sailing and seamanship.

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Indian Navy acquires deep submarine rescue capabilities

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: DSRV

Mains level: Modernising Indian Navy


News

Context

  1. Enhancing its operational capabilities, Indian Navy has inducted its first deep submergence rescue vehicle.
  2. It can be deployed to rescue downed or disaster-struck submarines at high sea.

Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle (DSRV)

  1. DSRVs are used for rescue of personnel in downed submarines.
  2. They are also deployed for various other missions including to lay cables on the sea bed.
  3. Some DSRV vessels are air transportable in very large military cargo.
  4. The DSRV which was inducted can be mobilized from the naval base in Mumbai to nearest mounting port by air, land and sea.
  5. The second DSRV is expected to be inducted at Visakhapatnam in 2019.

Importance of DSRV Deployment

  1. With induction of the DSRV, India has joined a select group of countries that have the capability to locate and rescue distressed submarines.
  2. At present, the US, China, Russia and a few other countries have the capabilities to deploy DSRVs.

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[pib] Goa Maritime Symposium – 2018

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Read the attached story

Mains level: India’s Maritime relations with the IOR countries


News

Goa Maritime Symposium – 2018

  1. Towards fostering friendly relations with our maritime neighbours, the Indian Navy, through the Naval War College, Goa is hosting the Goa Maritime Symposium – 2018.
  2. The event is likely to be attended by senior naval officers and representatives from 16 Indian Ocean littoral countries and island nations.
  3. The theme for the one day symposium is “Building Stronger Maritime Partnerships in IOR.”
  4. The focus of the symposium is on capacity building among IOR Navies to tackle emerging maritime threats, as well as discussing cooperative strategies for enhancing interoperability among partner maritime agencies.

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[pib] Bilateral Maritime Exercise JIMEX 18

Note4students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: JIMEX 2018

Mains level: Importance of such bilateral exercises


News

Japan-India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX) 2018

  1. Japan and India would be participating in the third edition of Japan-India Maritime Exercise (JIMEX) with the ships of Eastern Fleet of the Indian Navy (IN) from 07 to 15 October 18.
  2. JIMEX-18 is aimed to enhance interoperability, improve understanding and imbibe the best practices of each other.
  3. The ships participating are INS Satpura, multipurpose stealth frigate, INS Kadmatt, Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvette, Missile Corvette and INS Shakti, the Fleet Tanker.
  4. In addition, one submarine, P8I Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft and a number of integral helicopters would also be participating in the exercise.

Details of JIMEX 18

  1. JIMEX 18, spread over eight days, will comprise a Harbour Phase and a Sea Phase of four days each.
  2. The Harbour Phase will include professional and social interactions between ship’s crews, sports fixtures and operational planning for the Sea Phase.
  3. The Sea Phase would include Anti-Submarine Warfare Exercises, VBSS (Visit, Board, Search and Seizure) Drills, Gun Firings, Cross Deck Helo Operations and coordinated operations in Anti-Submarine/ Anti-Air threat scenarios.
  4. The last edition of JIMEX was conducted in Dec 2013 off Chennai.

Importance of the exercise

  1. The conduct of JIMEX-18 after five years is indicative of an upswing in the Indo-Japanese defence relations and the continued efforts to work closely to enhance safety and security of the global commons.
  2. It will help establishing rule based order on the IOR.

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[pib] IBSAMAR-VI kicks off at Simons Town, South Africa

Note4students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: IBSAMAR VI, IBSA

Mains level: Not Much


News

IBSAMAR VI 2018

  1. The sixth edition of IBSAMAR, a joint Multi – National Maritime Exercise between the Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies, is being held at Simons Town, South Africa.
  2. The Indian Navy is represented by Guided Missile Frigate Tarkash, Guided Missile Destroyer Kolkata, Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft P8I, Seaking and Chetak helicopters as well as a MARCOS contingent.
  3. The exercise includes both harbour and sea phases with various navigation and seamanship evolutions, surface weapons firing, force protection exercises, antipiracy exercise, anti-air and anti-submarine exercise as well as flying operations.

About IBSAMAR

  1. IBSAMAR are a series of naval exercises between the navies of India, Brazil, South Africa.
  2. The aim of the exercise is to undertake collective training for participating navies, building interoperability and mutual understanding as well as sharing of best practices.
  3. The first exercise took place in 2008.

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EyeROV TUNA: India’s first Underwater Robotic Drone

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: EyeROV Tuna

Mains level: Modernising Indian Navy


News

India’s first Underwater Drone

  1. India’s first underwater robotic drone was launched and handed over to the Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) of DRDO.
  2. The Remotedly Operated Vehicle (ROV)/underwater drone, named EyeROV TUNA, was developed by EyeROV Technologies, a company incubating at Kalamassery-based Maker Village, Kochi.
  3. NPOL, a laboratory of Delhi-headquartered Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), made the first order of the product.
  4. The drone will be used by NPOL for research and development activities which in turn would result in a commercial product for defense purposes.

Features of EyeROV TUNA

  1. It can be navigated up to a depth of 50 metres to take real-time HD video images to examine ship hulls or undersea cables or bridge moorings, eliminating the need for costlier and riskier manual inspection by divers.
  2. It weighs less than 10 kilogram and can be used for inspection of ship hulls, ports, dams and nuclear power plants
  3. EyeROV is a light rover which can be easily accessed and controlled with the supporting attached and connected hardware such as laptops and joysticks.
  4. It can be used for inspection of ship hulls, ports, dams and nuclear power plants.

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India’s first missile tracking ship is readying for sea trials

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: VC 11184

Mains level: Modernization of Indian Navy


News

VC 11184

  1. This will be the first of its kind ocean surveillance ship being built as part of the efforts to strengthen the country’s strategic weapons programme.
  2. Its induction will put India in the elite of club of a few countries that have such a sophisticated ocean surveillance ship.
  3. It has the capacity to carry 300-strong crew with hi-tech gadgets and communication equipment, powered by two diesel engines, and a large deck capable of helicopter landing.
  4. The keel of the ship which was laid on June 30, 2014, is being built for the National Technical Research Organisation.
  5. This technical intelligence agency working directly under the supervision of the Prime Minister’s Office and the National Security Adviser.

Strategic Weapons Programme

  1. Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) is gearing up to undertake sea trials of India’s first missile tracking ship by the first week of October.
  2. Visakhapatnam is considered a strategic location on the East Coast for the Indian defence forces as it is home for Ship Building Centre to build nuclear powered submarine INS Arihant class.

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[pib] Indian Naval ship Sahyadri reaches Darwin, Australia for exercise KAKADU 2018

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Exercise Kakadu

Mains level: Participation of India in various bilateral and multilateral military exercises


Exercise KAKADU

  1. After having been deployed to the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean for over four months, which included representing Indian Navy in multinational exercises MALABAR 18 at Guam and RIMPAC 18 at Hawaii, INS Sahyadri entered the Port of Darwin, Australia to participate in Exercise KAKADU 2018
  2. Indian Navy’s participation in KAKADU 18 provides an excellent opportunity to engage with regional partners and undertake multinational maritime activities ranging from constabulary operations to high-end maritime warfare in a combined environment
  3. It is aimed at enhancing interoperability and development of common understanding of procedures for maritime operations

About the exercise

  1. Exercise KAKADU, which started in 1993, is the premier multilateral regional maritime engagement exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and supported by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)
  2. The exercise is held biennially in Darwin and the Northern Australian Exercise Areas (NAXA)
  3. Exercise KAKADU derives its name from Kakadu National Park, which is a protected area in the northern territory of Australia, 171 km south-east of Darwin
  4. KAKADU 2018 is the 14th edition of the exercise
  5. During the exercise, professional exchanges in harbour and diverse range of activities at sea, including complex surface, sub-surface and air operations would enable sharing of best practices and honing of operational skills

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[pib] Operation NISTAR Successfully Culminates with Safe Disembarkations of 38 Indian Nationals at Porbandar

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Spot all places mentioned on World Map, Operation NISTAR

Mains level : Not Much

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Spot all places mentioned on World Map, Operation NISTAR

Mains level:  Not Much


News

Operation NISTAR

  • INS Sunayana successfully evacuated 38 Indian Nationals at/ off Socotra Islands during a swift Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Operation (HADR), code named Operation NISTAR.
  • The Indian Nationals were stranded after severe Cyclonic Storm – Mekunu devastated the area around Socotra Island.
  • INS Sunayana was diverted from Gulf of Aden deployment to Socotra Island for search and rescue operations.

Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) in India’s National Strategy

  • HADR operations have attracted the attention of the global community in recent years.
  • The Indian armed forces have a wide experience of disaster relief operations both at home and abroad, where they have been the core of relief operations.
  • Due to its sub-continental size, geographical location and its vulnerability to disasters, India has kept its forces ready to render assistance at short notice.
  • In the six decades since independence, India has experienced a number of natural and man-made disasters such as floods, earthquakes, famines, industrial accidents etc.
  • At the same time, India has partnered the global community in providing relief in affected regions

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India to host mega naval exercise amid China’s manoeuvring in high seas

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The following things are important from the UPSC perspective:

Prelims Level: Particulars of the exercise

Mains Level: The exercise is being organised in the backdrop of China’s growing military posturing in the Indo-Pacific region.


News

Mega Naval Exercise

  1. India will host navies from at least 16 countries for an eight-day mega naval exercise from March 6 with an aim to expand regional cooperation and combat unlawful activities in critical sea lanes
  2. Name of the exercise: ‘Milan’

Particulars of the exercise

  1. It is a biennial exercise
  2. It is being organised at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  3. Countries participating in the exercise include Australia, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Myanmar, New Zealand, Oman, Vietnam, Thailand, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Kenya and Cambodia

Background

  1. ‘Milan’ was first held in 1995 with the participation of just five navies
  2. The aim of the initiative was to have an effective forum to discuss common concerns in the Indian Ocean Region and forge deeper cooperation among friendly navies
  3. The exercise is being hosted by the Indian Navy under the aegis of the Andaman and Nicobar Command

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INS Karanj boosts Navy’s firepower

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: INS Karanj, Project 75

Mains level: Rising capabilities of armed forces


Third Scorpene class submarine joins Naval fleet

  1. The Navy’s third state-of-the-art Scorpene class submarine, INS Karanj, has been launched
  2. The new submarine is named after the earlier Kalvari class INS Karanj, which was decommissioned in 2003
  3. This launch follows the launch of the first two Scorpene submarines — INS Kalavari and INS Khanderi

Back2Basics

Project 75 of Indian Navy

  1. Six Scorpene class submarines are being built under Project 75
  2. This is being done under a $3.75 billion technology transfer signed in October 2005 with the Naval Group of France
  3. The Scorpene class is the Navy’s first modern conventional submarine series in almost two decades since INS Sindhushastra was procured from Russia in July 2000
  4. The Scorpene is a conventional submarine with classical diesel propulsion
  5. India’s first ultra-deep diving vessel, the Scorpéne is stealthier than the average submarine

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