From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Obesity
Mains level : Obesity in India
Adults in urban India consume much more fat than those in rural areas, found the latest survey by the Indian Council of Medical Research and National Institute of Nutrition.
Do you know?
Over-nutrition is also a form of malnutrition.
‘What India Eats’ Survey
- Adults in India’s urban centres consumed 51.6 grammes fat per day per head on an average. The volume was 36 g in rural areas, according to the survey report What India Eats.
- The report categorised fat into two groups:
- Visible or added fat, comprising oils and fat in preparing food, in fried food and those derived from meat and poultry
- Invisible fat, including fat/oils from rice, pulses, nuts and oilseeds
- 84 per cent of the rural population secured their energy (E) per day requirement from total fats/oils, or visible / added fats.
- On the other hand, less than 20 per cent of the urban population derived their E / day from this category.
- In urban areas of the country, northern India had the highest intake of added fat with 45.9 g / day.
- Southern India reported the lowest per capita consumption of added fat/oils with 22.9 g / day in this segment of the population.
- In the urban region of north India, fat intake (67.3 g) was among the highest; and overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity were highest when compared to other regions.