Tribes in News

Odisha offering cash incentive for PVTGs Marriages


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: PVTGS

Mains level: Not Much

Keeping the rampant child marriages among the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of Odisha in mind, the State government is providing an incentive of ₹20,000 to the couples marrying after the age of 18 years.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

  • There are certain tribal communities who have declining or stagnant population, low level of literacy, pre-agricultural level of technology and are economically backward.
  • They generally inhabit remote localities having poor infrastructure and administrative support.
  • These groups are among the most vulnerable section of our society as they are few in numbers, have not attained any significant level of social and economic development.
  • 75 such groups have been identified and categorized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

Origin of the concept

  • The Dhebar Commission (1960-1961) stated that within Scheduled Tribes there existed an inequality in the rate of development.
  • During the fourth Five Year Plan a sub-category was created within Scheduled Tribes to identify groups that considered to be at a lower level of development.
  • This was created based on the Dhebar Commission report and other studies.
  • This sub-category was named “Primitive tribal group”.

Features of PVTGs

  • The features of such a group include a:
  1. Pre-agricultural system of existence
  2. Practice of hunting and gathering
  3. Zero or negative population growth
  4. Extremely low level of literacy in comparison with other tribal groups
  • Groups that satisfied any one of the criterion were considered as PTG.
  • In 2006 the government of India proposed to rename “Primitive tribal group” as Particularly vulnerable tribal group”.


Try this PYQ:

Q.Consider the following statements about Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in India:

  1. PVTGs reside in 18 States and one Union Territory.
  2. A stagnant or declining population is one of the criteria for determining PVTG status.
  3. There are 95 PVTGs officially notified in the country so far.
  4. Irular and Konda Reddi tribes are included in the list of PVTGs.

Which of the statements given above are correct? (CSP 2019)

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 2 and 4

(d) 1, 3 and 4


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