Genetically Modified (GM) crops – cotton, mustards, etc.

[pib] Crop varieties with special traits


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Crop Varieties with Special Traits

Mains level : GM Crops

In an endeavor to create mass awareness for adoption of climate resilient technologies,  PM will dedicate 35 crop varieties with special traits to the Nation.

About Crop Varieties with Special Traits

  • The crop varieties with special traits have been developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to address the twin challenges of climate change and malnutrition.
  • Thirty-five such crop varieties with special traits like climate resilience and higher nutrient content have been developed in the year 2021.
  • These special traits crop varieties also include those that address the anti-nutritional factors found in some crops that adversely affect human and animal health.

Which are these varieties?

  • Drought tolerant variety of chickpea
  • Wilt and sterility mosaic resistant pigeonpea
  • Early maturing variety of soybean
  • Disease resistant varieties of rice
  • Biofortified varieties of wheat, pearl millet, maize and chickpea, quinoa, buckwheat, winged bean and faba bean
  • Pusa Double Zero Mustard 33
  • Canola quality hybrid RCH 1 with <2% erucic acid and <30 ppm glucosinolates and
  • Soybean variety free from two anti-nutritional factors namely Kunitz trypsin inhibitor and lipoxygenase.

Try answering the PYQ:

The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee is constituted under the:

(a) Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006

(b) Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999

(c) Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

(d) Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972


Post your answers here.
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