Oil and Gas Sector – HELP, Open Acreage Policy, etc.

[pib] Kochi – Mangaluru Natural Gas Pipeline

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Natural Gas

Mains level : Natural gas as an alternative fuel

PM will today dedicate the Kochi – Mangaluru Natural Gas Pipeline to the nation.

Try this PYQ:

Q. Consider the following statements:

  1. Natural gas occurs in the Gondwana beds.
  2. Mica occurs in abundance in Kodarma.
  3. Dharwars are famous for petroleum.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) None

Kochi – Mangaluru Pipeline

  • The 450 km long pipeline has been built by GAIL (India) Ltd.
  • It has a transportation capacity of 12 Million Metric Standard Cubic Metres per day.
  • It will carry natural gas from the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Regasification Terminal at Kochi (Kerala) to Mangaluru (Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka).
  • It will pass through Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Malappuram, Kozhikode, Kannur and Kasaragod districts.

Its significance

  • The event marks an important milestone towards the creation of ‘One Nation One Gas Grid’.
  • The pipeline will supply environment-friendly and affordable fuel in the form of Piped Natural Gas (PNG) to households and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) to the transportation sector.
  • It will also supply Natural Gas to commercial and industrial units across the districts along the pipeline.
  • Consumption of cleaner fuel will help in improving air quality by curbing air pollution.

Back2Basics: Natural Gas

  • Natural gas is a fossil fuel source consisting primarily of methane.
  • It is the cleanest among all the available fossil fuels.
  • It is used as a feedstock in the manufacture of fertilizers, plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals as well as used as a fuel for electricity generation, heating purpose in industrial and commercial units.
  • Natural gas is also used for cooking in domestic households and a transportation fuel for vehicles.

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