Panchayati Raj Institutions: Issues and Challenges

[pib] Panchayat Development Index (PDI)


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Panchayat Development Index (PDI)

Mains level: Not Much

Central Idea

  • The Ministry of Panchayati Raj is leading the effort to localize Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
  • A report on the Panchayat Development Index (PDI) has been released to evaluate the progress of grassroots institutions in achieving Localized SDGs (LSDGs).

About Panchayat Development Index (PDI)

  • PDI is a comprehensive, multi-domain, and multi-sectoral index designed to assess the holistic development, performance, and progress of panchayats.
  • It incorporates various socio-economic indicators to measure the well-being and development status of local communities under a panchayat’s jurisdiction.
  • PDI is crucial for evaluating performance and tracking progress in the localization of Sustainable Development Goals in rural areas.
  • The Index is based on a framework of local indicators encompassing nine themes related to sustainable development in villages.

Nine Themes of PDI

  1. Poverty-Free and Enhanced Livelihood in Village
  2. Healthy Village
  3. Child-Friendly Village
  4. Water-Sufficient Village
  5. Clean and Green Village
  6. Village with Self-Sufficient Infrastructure
  7. Socially Just and Secured Villages
  8. Village with Good Governance
  9. Women-Friendly Village

Ranking and Grading System

Panchayats are ranked based on their scores and categorized into four grades:

  1. Grade A+: Scores above 90%
  2. Grade A: Scores between 75-90%
  3. Grade B: Scores between 60-75%
  4. Grade C: Scores between 40-60%
  5. Grade D: Scores under 40%

Significance of the Panchayat Development Index

  • Insightful Analysis: PDI provides critical insights into areas needing improvement in rural jurisdictions.
  • Identifying Disparities: It helps in pinpointing disparities and the achievement of development goals.
  • Policy Formulation: The Index aids in creating targeted policies and interventions to enhance the well-being and quality of life in rural communities.

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