From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
Mains level : Fisheries sector of India
The Union Cabinet has approved the “Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana”.
Practice question for Mains:
Q. Only after the Indian Independence, has fisheries together with agriculture been recognized as an important sector. Examine the scope & challenges of aquaculture in India.
About the PMMSY
- The PMMSY aims to bring about the Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries sector in India.
- With the scheme, highest ever investment of Rs. 20050 crores are being made in the fisheries sector.
- It will be implemented over a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories.
Aims and objectives of PMMSY
- Harnessing of fisheries potential in a sustainable, responsible, inclusive and equitable manner
- Enhancing of fish production and productivity through expansion, intensification, diversification and productive utilization of land and water
- Modernizing and strengthening of the value chain – post-harvest management and quality improvement
- Doubling fishers and fish farmers incomes and generation of employment
- Enhancing contribution to Agriculture GVA and exports
- Social, physical and economic security for fishers and fish farmers
- Robust fisheries management and regulatory framework
The PMMSY will be implemented as an umbrella scheme with two separate components namely:
(a) Central Sector Scheme and
(b) Centrally Sponsored Scheme
- Majority of the activities under the Scheme would be implemented with the active participation of States/UTs.
- A well-structured implementation framework would be established for the effective planning and implementation of PMMSY.
- For optimal outcomes, ‘Cluster or area-based approach’ would be followed with requisite forward and backward linkages and end to end solutions.
Back2Basics: Fisheries sector of India
- Fisheries and aquaculture are an important source of food, nutrition, employment and income in India.
- The sector provides livelihood to more than 20 million fishers and fish farmers at the primary level and twice the number along the value chain.
- The Gross Value Added (GVA) of the fisheries sector in the national economy during 2018-19 stood at 1.24% of the total National GVA and 7.28% share of Agricultural GVA.
- The sector has immense potential to double the fishers and fish farmers’ incomes as envisioned by government and usher in economic prosperity.
- Fisheries sector in India has shown impressive growth with an average annual growth rate of 10.88% during the year from 2014-15 to 2018-19.