Innovation Ecosystem in India

[pib] US India Artificial Intelligence (USIAI) Initiative


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : USIAI Initiative

Mains level : Not Much

The US India Artificial Intelligence (USIAI) Initiative was recently launched.

USIAI Initiative

  • This initiative focuses on AI cooperation in critical areas that are priorities for both countries.
  • It has been launched by the Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF).
  • The IUSSTF is a bilateral organisation funded by the Department of Science & Technology (DST), the GOI and the U.S. Department of States.
  • USIAI will serve as a platform to discuss opportunities, challenges, and barriers for bilateral AI R&D collaboration, enable AI innovation, help share ideas for developing an AI workforce etc.
  • AI R&D is being promoted and implemented in the country through a network of 25 technology hubs working as a triple helix set up under the National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS).

Back2Basics: Artificial intelligence (AI)

  • Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions.
  • The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving.
  • The ideal characteristic of artificial intelligence is its ability to rationalize and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal.
  • A subset of artificial intelligence is machine learning, which refers to the concept that computer programs can automatically learn from and adapt to new data without being assisted by humans.
  • Deep learning techniques enable this automatic learning through the absorption of huge amounts of unstructured data such as text, images, or video.

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