Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: RISECREEK, Project Shakti
Mains level: Read the attached story
Made in India Microprocessor ‘RISECREEK’
1. Computer scientists and a student team from the IIT- Madras have developed the first of a family of six industry-standard microprocessors.
2. The initial batch of 300 chips named RISECREEK and produced under Project Shakti has been fabricated free at Intel’s facility at Oregon, U.S., to run the Linux operating system.
3. The IIT team says its microprocessors can be adapted by others, as the design is open source.
4. They optimise power use and compete with international units such as the Cortex A5 from Advanced RISC Machines (ARM).
5. On the test bench, the IIT design fared better than the A5, measured in terms of the DMIPS per megahertz rating, scoring 1.68 against the competition’s 1.57.
6. At a frequency of 350 MHz, RISECREEK can meet the demands of defence and strategic equipment such as NAVIC (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite) and the Internet of Things (IoT) electronics.
A family of six Microprocessors
1. The plan includes a family of six types of microprocessors. The first to be ready is the C class, RISECREEK.
2. The E class of microprocessors that can be used in smart cards, IoT devices, fan/motor controls, etc, is almost ready
3. The I class, which can be used for mobile phones, desktops and mobile phones is soon to follow.
4. The design for the S class which can be used for enterprise-class servers is underway, and the H class, which will be used for building High-Performance computers with a massive parallel processing capacity.
5. The H Class is part of the next phase of development, which the team calls the Para-SHAKTI (parallel SHAKTI) project.
6. Para-SHAKTI will make microprocessors for indigenous high-performance computers with over 32 SHAKTI cores.
1. The Shakti plan was started in 2014 as an IIT-Madras initiative.
2. It is not aimed at only building processors alone. It also aims to build high speed interconnect for servers and supercomputers based on variants of the RapidiIO and GenZ standards.
3. These are key to build large clusters of processors to get Petaflop and Exaflop level supercomputers.