Wetland Conservation

Places in news: Basai Wetlands


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Basai Wetlands

Mains level: Not Much

The Basai Wetlands in Gurugram has shrunk to a quarter of its original size over the years.

Basai Wetlands

  • Basai wetland, located in Basai village in Gurgaon Haryana is a flora and fauna rich water body.
  • It lies in one of the paleochannel of the Sahibi River, a tributary of Yamuna which originates from the Aravalli range in Rajasthan and flows through the region.

Its significance

  • It is recognized as one of India’s Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas and is of global conservation significance.
  • It supports populations of several endangered, vulnerable, and threatened bird species.
  • It is recognized globally as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by the BirdLife International housing 20,000 birds of over 280 species including migratory birds and endangered birds.
  • However, it has not yet been declared a protected wetland by the Government of Haryana.


  • Given the accelerated expansion of the city of the future, the wetland continues to disappear under newly laid roads, modern housing constructions and other infrastructure development.
  • An upcoming expressway, cutting through the terrain here, has majorly impacted the flyway of thousands of migratory birds from Europe and Central Asia.


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