From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : PM Vishwakarma Scheme
Mains level : Not Much
- PM inaugurated the PM Vishwakarma scheme in New Delhi on Vishwakarma Jayanti.
- This initiative aims to provide government support to workers engaged in traditional crafts and skills.
- The scheme was first announced during the Independence Day speech.
PM Vishwakarma Scheme
- The PM Vishwakarma Scheme boasts an impressive allocation of Rs 13,000 crore, fully funded by the Central government.
- It aims to benefit individuals predominantly from the OBC community engaged in traditional skills and crafts such as carpentry, gold-smithing, masonry, laundry services, and more.
- The scheme derives its name from Vishwakarma, a revered figure in Hindu mythology known as the architect of the gods.
- Vishwakarma was the divine carpenter and master craftsman responsible for crafting the gods’ weapons, building their cities and chariots.
- He is considered the patron deity of workers, artisans, and artists.
Eligibility for the Scheme
- Supported Sectors: The PM Vishwakarma Scheme extends assistance to families associated with 18 diverse sectors, including carpentry, boat making, blacksmithing, goldsmithing, pottery, and more.
- Registration: Vishwakarma workers can register for free through Common Services Centres using the biometric-based PM Vishwakarma portal.
Features of the Scheme
- Recognition: Workers will receive recognition through the PM Vishwakarma certificate and ID card.
- Skill Upgradation: The scheme offers basic and advanced training to enhance skills.
- Toolkit Incentive: Artisans receive a toolkit incentive of ₹15,000.
- Credit Support: Collateral-free credit support is provided up to ₹1 lakh (first tranche) and ₹2 lakh (second tranche) at a concessional interest rate of 5%.
- Digital Transactions: Incentives for digital transactions and marketing support are available.
- Knowledge Enhancement: A toolkit booklet, available in 12 Indian languages with accompanying videos, helps workers stay updated on new technologies in their field.
- Skill Training Stipend: Artisans can benefit from a stipend of Rs 500 for skill training and Rs 1,500 for purchasing modern tools.
- Coverage: The scheme aims to cover five lakh families in the first year and 30 lakh families over five years.
- Global Integration: It also seeks to integrate Vishwakarma into domestic and global value chains.
Need for such scheme
- Traditional craftsmen and skilled artisans, often taught these crafts by family elders, have encountered several hurdles.
- These include a lack of professional training, access to modern tools, geographical remoteness from relevant markets, and limited capital for investment.