Tiger Conservation Efforts – Project Tiger, etc.

Ramgarh Vishdhari notified as India’s 52nd Tiger Reserve


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Ramgarh Vishdhari TR

Mains level : Tiger Conservation

Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary is now notified as a tiger reserve after a nod by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

Ramgarh Vishdhari TR

  • Ramgarh Vishadhri, located mostly in Bundi district and in part in Bhilwara and Kota districts.
  • It is also home to the Indian wolf, leopard, striped hyena, chinkara, antelope and foxes among other animals.
  • It is now India’s 52nd tiger reserve and Rajasthan’s fourth, after Ranthambore, Sariska and Mukundra.
  • The reserve will be spread in an area of 1,501.89 sq km.
  • The area has been called ‘critical’ for the movement of tigers by wildlife experts and conservationists.
  • Though the tiger population in Ramgarh itself was not high, it plays an important role in connecting the Ranthambore and Mukundra Tiger Reserves of Rajasthan.

Back2Basics: Tiger Reserves

  • The Tiger Reserves of India were set up in 1973 and are governed by Project Tiger, which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
  • A National Park or Wildlife Sanctuary that is considered significant for protecting tigers can be additionally designated as a Tiger Reserve.
  • A Tiger Reserve consists of a ‘Core’ or ‘Critical Tiger Habitat’, which is to be managed as an inviolate area, and a ‘Buffer’ or Peripheral area immediately abutting a Core area, which may be accorded a lesser degree of habitat protection.
  • This is the typical zonation of a Tiger Reserve.


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