Festivals, Dances, Theatre, Literature, Art in News

Sagol Kangjei: Ancient Polo of Manipur


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Sagol Kangjei

Mains level: Not Much

sagol kangjei

It is believed that Sagol Kangjei, the modern-day Polo game originated in Manipur.

Sagol Kangjei

  • Modern polo is said to have originated from Sagol Kangjei, a sport indigenous to Manipur.
  • In this players ride horses, specifically the Manipur Ponies, which are referenced in records dating back to the 14th century.

Conserving the breed: Manipur Pony

  • The Manipur Pony is one of five recognised equine breeds of India, and has a powerful cultural significance for Manipuri society.
  • The pony has been indispensable with Manipuri society for its socio-cultural association for centuries.
  • Its antecedents, however, are not clear, as one source stated Tibetan ponies as its ancestors while another source stated its origin to be a cross between Mongolian wild horse & Arabian.
  • The 17th Quinquennial Livestock Census 2003 had recorded 1,898 Manipur Ponies; the number fell to 1,101 in the 19th Quinquennial Livestock Census in 2012.


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