Water Management – Institutional Reforms, Conservation Efforts, etc.

‘Seechewal Model’ of wastewater management


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Seechewal model

Mains level : Wastewater management

A new wastewater treatment plant opened recently in a village in Punjab’s Patiala district uses a unique method devised to treat, recycle and reuse wastewater.

Seechewal Model

  • The plant in the village of Patiala aims to achieve the following objective using the ‘Seechewal Model’ of wastewater management:
  1. Recycling and reusing the treated wastewater for irrigation
  2. Preventing further contamination of groundwater
  • The model is a pipe-and-pump formula used to remove heavy solid particles, oil and other material from water.
  • It was introduced by Sant Balbir Singh Seechewal and was first used in Seechewal, Punjab.
  • The project aims to implement a combination of processes through four-well systems of wastewater treatment for reuse apart from human consumption.
  • The water wells need to be cleaned regularly; otherwise, they produce extremely poor effluents with high suspended solids, which can be detrimental to the constructed wetland and cause clogging of beds.
  • To ensure continuous and effective operation, the accumulated material must be emptied periodically.

Benefits  offered

  • The project will reduce the usage of freshwater by providing an option of treated water to farmers. It will aim at water sustainability with appropriate technologies of water recycle-reuse-recharge.”
  • The project has engaged, empowered and evolved community sustained processes for water management and strengthened community collectives.

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