Animal Husbandry, Dairy & Fisheries Sector – Pashudhan Sanjivani, E- Pashudhan Haat, etc

Species in news: Badri Cow


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Badri Cow

Mains level: Not Much


To increase the productivity of its indigenous petite Badri cow that grazes on the medicinal herbs of the Himalayas, Uttarakhand is now planning for its genetic enhancement.

Badri Cow

  • Badri/Pahari desi cow is a native cow species of Uttarakhand.
  • This cow grazes in the Himalayas on native herbs and shrubs and hence its milk has high medicinal value.
  • These cattle are well adapted to the hilly terrain and the climatic conditions of Uttarakhand.
  • This sturdy and disease-resistant breed is found in hilly regions of the Almora and Pauri Garhwal districts of Uttarakhand.
  • Disease resistance is a very important characteristic of this breed as it rarely gets any disease.

Medicinal benefits

  • This breed is blessed with strong immunity.
  • The milk of the Badri cow contains almost 90% A2 beta-casein proteins – and is one of the highest in any indigenous varieties.
  • Antioxidants in pure desi ghee help the body better absorb vitamins and minerals, thus boosting immunity.
  • Butyric acid in Badri cow ghee helps strengthen immunity by increasing T-cell production in the gut which helps fight against allergens.

Why in news?

  • The State authorities proposed to use sex-sorted semen technology to improve production of Badri cattle.
  • They also proposed to opt for the embryo transfer method in order to produce more cattle of high genetic stock.

Economic significance of Badri cow

  • The Badri ghee is available at the rate of ₹3,000 to ₹5,000 per kg.
  • There is a huge marketing potential for gaumutra ark (distilled cow urine), cow dung, and Panchgavya (the five products of the cow, including milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine).


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