New Species of Plants and Animals Discovered

Species in news: Chenkurinji

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Chenkurinji

Mains level : Not Much

This newscard is an excerpt from the original article published in The Hindu.

Chenkurinji

  • Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica) is a species endemic to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve.
  • Belonging to the Anacardiaceae family, the tree was once abundant in the hills on the southern parts of the Aryankavu Pass in Kerala’s Kollam district.
  • The Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary derives its name Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica), a species endemic to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve.

Why in news?

  • It is very susceptible to climate change and the present condition of the species is quite bad with low regeneration performance.
  • Though there are seemingly enough number of the tree, most are not productive, generating a negative trend in its population.
  • The majority of the trees is old with poor flowering and fruiting rates.
  • Though the flowering usually happens in January, of late, the species has reported a tendency to extend the process due to climate change.

Significance of Chenkurinji

  • It is reported to have medicinal properties and is used to lower blood pressure and treat arthritis.

 

UPSC 2023 countdown has begun! Get your personal guidance plan now! (Click here)

 

Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments