Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Species in news: Lesser Florican

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Lesser Florican

Mains level : Not Much

In a major discovery, the longest in-country migration route of lesser floricans, the endangered birds of the bustard group, has been tracked for the first time from Rajasthan to Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district.

Lesser Florican

  • The lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus), also known as the likh or kharmore, is the smallest in the bustard family.
  • It is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent where it is found in tall grasslands and is best known for the leaping breeding displays made by the males during the monsoon season.
  • The male has a contrasting black and white breeding plumage and distinctive elongated head feathers that extend behind the neck.
  • These bustards are found mainly in northwestern and central India during the summer but are found more widely distributed across India in winter.
  • The only similar species is the Bengal florican (Houbarobsis bengalensis) which is larger and lacks the white throat, collar and elongated plumes.

Conservation status

  • The Lesser Florican is protected under Schedule 1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, Lesser Florican
  • The bird is listed as “Critically Endangered” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species.

Threats

  • It is threatened both by hunting and habitat degradation.
  • The species is highly endangered and has been officially hunted to extinction in some parts of its range such as Pakistan.

Try this PYQ:

Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species?

(a) Great Indian Bustard, Musk Deer, Red Panda, Asiatic Wild Ass

(b) Kashmir Stag, Cheetah, Blue Bull, Great Indian Bustard

(c) Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey, Saras (Crane)

(d) Lion Tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur, Cheetah

 

Post your answers here.
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Cherry Azmera
Cherry Azmera
6 months ago
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B

JITENDRA YADAV
JITENDRA YADAV
6 months ago
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A

Parul Upadhayay
Parul Upadhayay
6 months ago
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a

Milan Nandi
Milan Nandi
6 months ago
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c

Ashish Anand
Ashish Anand
6 months ago

c

aditya pandey
aditya pandey
6 months ago
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A

Ayushi Agrawal
Ayushi Agrawal
2 months ago
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1